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栖息地    
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  habitat
    Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) has been developed to assist decision-making in river system planning, protection and management. The methodology consists of a series of hydraulics, water quality, hydrology and ecology models as well as various methods for simulating quantitative relationships between the discharge and habitat availability.
    河道内流量增加方法IFIM是用于河流规划、保护和管理等的决策支持体系,由一系列水力、水质、水文、生态等专业模型和各类方法组成,模拟流量和水生生物栖息地可利用性之间的定量关系。
短句来源
  habitat
    Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) has been developed to assist decision-making in river system planning, protection and management. The methodology consists of a series of hydraulics, water quality, hydrology and ecology models as well as various methods for simulating quantitative relationships between the discharge and habitat availability.
    河道内流量增加方法IFIM是用于河流规划、保护和管理等的决策支持体系,由一系列水力、水质、水文、生态等专业模型和各类方法组成,模拟流量和水生生物栖息地可利用性之间的定量关系。
短句来源
  habitat availability
    Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) has been developed to assist decision-making in river system planning, protection and management. The methodology consists of a series of hydraulics, water quality, hydrology and ecology models as well as various methods for simulating quantitative relationships between the discharge and habitat availability.
    河道内流量增加方法IFIM是用于河流规划、保护和管理等的决策支持体系,由一系列水力、水质、水文、生态等专业模型和各类方法组成,模拟流量和水生生物栖息地可利用性之间的定量关系。
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  habitat
For those fine trees, habitat conditions and regularity of requirement of water and fertilizers were studied and then habitat ranges were given.
      
The difficulty is how to clarify the underlying mechanism for fluctuations of Q10 values for one specific habitat and element (e.g.
      
Its natural habitat has been well protected by the Chinese government.
      
So it is vital to enhance the protection of the only original Metasequoia population in the world and its habitat.
      
Third, modern ecological means should be taken to protect the original Metasequoia population and its habitat.
      
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  habitat
For those fine trees, habitat conditions and regularity of requirement of water and fertilizers were studied and then habitat ranges were given.
      
The difficulty is how to clarify the underlying mechanism for fluctuations of Q10 values for one specific habitat and element (e.g.
      
Its natural habitat has been well protected by the Chinese government.
      
So it is vital to enhance the protection of the only original Metasequoia population in the world and its habitat.
      
Third, modern ecological means should be taken to protect the original Metasequoia population and its habitat.
      
更多          
  habitat availability
Our data are consistent with the first hypothesis: the use of pond edges compared to forest and transitional habitats was significantly greater than expected from the habitat availability in the total area and within individual female home ranges.
      
nicholsi appears to be defined by a combination of territorial behavior and dominance relationships among adjacent individuals, permitting the coexistence of all members of the population under circumstances of limited habitat availability.
      
The distribution of the turtles over the continental shelf matched habitat availability, as defined by depth.
      
The spatial distribution of red snapper in the northern Gulf appears to have a complex history that likely reflects glacial advance/retreat, habitat availability and suitability, and hydrology.
      
Habitat availability/suitability and hydrology may partially restrict gene flow among present-day red snapper in the northern Gulf and give rise to a metapopulation structure with variable demographic connectivity.
      
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  physical habitat
Stepwise regressions identified 15 of 52 non-salamander variables, representing water quality, physical habitat, land use, and biological conditions, which best predicted salamander metrics.
      
Two physical habitat indices exhibited a strong associated with each other.
      
When analyzing the physical habitat in a river, it is necessary to understand its structure hierarchically.
      
pyrifera was found only in sheltered sites) and physical habitat (e.g.
      
Hurricane impacts on mobile faunas appear to depend directly on physical habitat alterations.
      
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  其他


Wetland is one of ecosystems with important environmental functions and habitats for various biota on the earth. It is composed of hydrology, biogeochemical cycling and adaptation and improvement of biota for it. The interaction among those factors creates the entire function of wetlands. The role of wetlands in global environment is mainly found in the two aspects amongst health of wetlands themselves and function of wetlands in global environmental change. A wetland without being disturbed by unusual natural...

Wetland is one of ecosystems with important environmental functions and habitats for various biota on the earth. It is composed of hydrology, biogeochemical cycling and adaptation and improvement of biota for it. The interaction among those factors creates the entire function of wetlands. The role of wetlands in global environment is mainly found in the two aspects amongst health of wetlands themselves and function of wetlands in global environmental change. A wetland without being disturbed by unusual natural and human activities is in health statue since its diverse species, complex structure, function integration and stability of resisting disturbance. If disturbance is beyond the repairing ability of wetland environment, the health of wetland will be deteriorated, function of wetlands will be degenerated, consequently, will affect local and global environment. Wetland environmental change is sensitive to the responses of global environmental change and effect of global change to the wetland environment, especially human community activities on wetland. Global environment will inevitably affect wetland ecosystem and local environment, conversely, wetland ecosystem and local environment problem probably turn into global environment prblem.

湿地是地球上具有重要环境功能的生态系统和多种生物的栖息地之一。湿地环境由湿地水文、湿地生物地球化学循环与生物对湿地的适应和改造构成。各种因子之间相互依赖、相互协同,构建起湿地的整体功能。湿地在全球环境变化中的地位,主要表现在湿地环境自身健康水平和湿地在全球环境长期变化中的作用。一个未受异常自然和人类活动扰动的湿地环境,因其生物种属的多样性、结构的复杂性、功能的整合性和抵抗外力的稳定性,而处于较好的健康状态。当外力扰动超过湿地环境的修复能力时,湿地环境的健康状态就会恶化,功能发生退化,进而对区域或全球环境产生影响。

Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) has been developed to assist decision-making in river system planning, protection and management. The methodology consists of a series of hydraulics, water quality, hydrology and ecology models as well as various methods for simulating quantitative relationships between the discharge and habitat availability. This method provides not only a scientific basis for rational allocation of water resources but also an effective means for evaluating programs of river ecological...

Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) has been developed to assist decision-making in river system planning, protection and management. The methodology consists of a series of hydraulics, water quality, hydrology and ecology models as well as various methods for simulating quantitative relationships between the discharge and habitat availability. This method provides not only a scientific basis for rational allocation of water resources but also an effective means for evaluating programs of river ecological restoration. While the method has been utilized widely overseas, its application in China has not been reported. This paper introduces the method in detail and illustrates its application based on an example. Finally the paper discusses the prospect of the method's application in China and problems that may need to be addressed.

河道内流量增加方法IFIM是用于河流规划、保护和管理等的决策支持体系,由一系列水力、水质、水文、生态等专业模型和各类方法组成,模拟流量和水生生物栖息地可利用性之间的定量关系。它不仅有助于河流管理者对水资源进行科学合理的分配,也为河流生态修复的结果提供了有效的评估工具。该方法在国外有着广泛的应用,而在国内尚未见其应用。对此方法进行详细的阐述,给出国外应用的例子。最后指出在国内应用的前景和需要注意的问题。

 
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