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     For Gongjing and Gaodong section in Zigong,the(δ~(13)C) and(δ~(18)O) value vary from-4.49‰~-0.85‰ and from-9.14‰~-6.75‰ respectively,which display slight correlation in covariance between cabon and oxygen variations(γ=0.62);
     两条剖面上碳酸盐岩的碳、氧同位素在组成上存在一定的差异,自贡贡井—高硐桥剖面上,样品的碳、氧同位素均为负值,δ13C值在-4.49‰~-0.85‰之间,1δ8O值-9.14‰~-6.75‰之间,两者具有一定的相关性(γ=0.62);
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     1 and inside the platform along Well Z1-TZ23.The later reef bank is mainly distributed nearby the No.
     晚期丘滩主要分布于10号断裂带附近的台缘相,在台内低隆亦见台内滩(TZ23井—Z1井),古地貌上发育于塔中凸起或台内低隆等部位。
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     Study on the anti-liquefaction effect and engineering application of sand drain cement piles
     砂井—水泥桩的抗液化效应及工程应用研究
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     This paper sums up and analyses the success experience of the first sidetracking horizontal well in directional well through casing window in our country—Cao 20 12 CP 13 well.
     总结分析了国内第一口套管开窗侧钻水平井——草20—12—侧平13井的成功经验。
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     WELL TESTING EVALUATION STUDY OF A SPECIAL HIGH PRODUCTION GAS WELL—WELL KELA-203
     克拉203井——一口特殊高产气井的试井评价研究
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     Blind Shaft
     盲
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     TELEMETRY SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY ABOUT PUMPING WELLS
     抽油机遥测技术
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  - well
Aqueous and organic solvent extracts tested by agar-well diffusion method against 12 human pathogenic bacteria and 3 fungal strains showed activity to most of the organisms.
      
For oil production planning, oil-well operation modes must be chosen such that the water content in pumped products is minimized under certain technological constraints.
      
Oil-well operation modes are maintained by an automatic control system.
      
Effect of Local Relaxation on Complex Permittivity in a Double-Well Potential Model
      
To evaluate the coverage of the reservoir by the thermal effect, we must know the temperature distribution in the multi-well reservoir system at any instant of time.
      
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It is well-known that the ring of invariants associated to a non-modular representation of a finite group is Cohen-Macaulay and hence has depth equal to the dimension of the representation.
      
As a corollary, we obtain a new proof for Roberts' well-known counterexample in dimension seven.
      
They are potential tools for the decomposition and handling of signals that, like speech or music, seem over short intervals to have well-defined frequencies that, however, change with time.
      
Furthermore, the intrinsic definition is just the (now) well-known Crandall-Lions viscosity solution, modified in a natural way to accommodate measurable coefficients.
      
These means are given by some function λ and generalize the well-known Bochner-Riesz means.
      
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By means of Schmidt's "shaking method", the emanation content of certain springs and artasian wells in the Peiping area was tested. Radon, thoron, or both together, were found in these water sources. Tests were made both in the spring of 1932 and 1935. No noticeable variation of the emanation content in these sources has been observed.

应用斯密特之“摇动法,”测定北平邻近之泉水,如汤山温泉,温泉,玉泉山水及清华,燕京、协和医诸校内自流所含之射气量。诸泉源或仅含镭射气,钍射气,或二种射气皆有之。民国二十一年与二十四年,曾测验诸泉水各一次,所含之射气量,绝少改变。

1.Homo-ionic colloidal clays (Mg-clay>H-clay>Be-clay>NH4-clay>K-clay>Na-clay. 3.The collcidal clays from yellow earth having lower SiO_2/R_2O_3 ratios fix more phosphate than that from purple brown...

1.Homo-ionic colloidal clays (Mg-clay>H-clay>Be-clay>NH4-clay>K-clay>Na-clay. 3.The collcidal clays from yellow earth having lower SiO_2/R_2O_3 ratios fix more phosphate than that from purple brown soil. 4.The phosphate fixation power of H-clay is markedly reduced after the removal of free irn and aluminum oxides. 5.In Ca-clay,the fixed phosphate was unstable.The association of phosphate with the exchangeable calcium is easily liberated by a very dilute acid solution.

土壤中磷酸固定作用每受外界环境之影响而有很大差异,如粘土矿物的种类,土壤反应,代换性盐基等,黏土矿物与土壤反应对于磷酸固定前,人已有较详细之报告,本文特重视代换性盐基之种类对于磷酸固定之关系。本试验以紫色土与黄壤为代表,均取于北碚。紫色土系发育于白垩纪自流层紫色页岩,属中性而无石灰性反应,pH=7.0,黄壤系自侏罗纪灰色砂岩风化者,心土微红,pH=4.5—5.0,为避免过高之有机质,均采取心土,按照 Stoke 氏定律提取5微米(micron)直径之黏土粒,晒干后,分别以 N NaCl,N KGl,N NH_4Cl,N MgCl_2,N BaCl_2及 pH=3 HCl 处理,然后再以90%酒精洗涤至无氯为止,总之以不变更胶体之构造为原则,经处理之黏土,先分析其中之代换性盐基以及盐基代换总量,然后再测定其磷酸固定量,在酸性反应如 H~-黏土,其磷酸固定之主要因子为水化铁及水化铝,故再以 pH=2之盐酸淋洗,除去其中游离铁铝,再测定其磷酸固定量以资比较。按分析结果,黄壤胶体(<2 micron)中之(SiO_2)/(R_2O_3)为2.19,紫色土为2.56,前者盐基代换总量每百克黏土粒(<5 m...

土壤中磷酸固定作用每受外界环境之影响而有很大差异,如粘土矿物的种类,土壤反应,代换性盐基等,黏土矿物与土壤反应对于磷酸固定前,人已有较详细之报告,本文特重视代换性盐基之种类对于磷酸固定之关系。本试验以紫色土与黄壤为代表,均取于北碚。紫色土系发育于白垩纪自流层紫色页岩,属中性而无石灰性反应,pH=7.0,黄壤系自侏罗纪灰色砂岩风化者,心土微红,pH=4.5—5.0,为避免过高之有机质,均采取心土,按照 Stoke 氏定律提取5微米(micron)直径之黏土粒,晒干后,分别以 N NaCl,N KGl,N NH_4Cl,N MgCl_2,N BaCl_2及 pH=3 HCl 处理,然后再以90%酒精洗涤至无氯为止,总之以不变更胶体之构造为原则,经处理之黏土,先分析其中之代换性盐基以及盐基代换总量,然后再测定其磷酸固定量,在酸性反应如 H~-黏土,其磷酸固定之主要因子为水化铁及水化铝,故再以 pH=2之盐酸淋洗,除去其中游离铁铝,再测定其磷酸固定量以资比较。按分析结果,黄壤胶体(<2 micron)中之(SiO_2)/(R_2O_3)为2.19,紫色土为2.56,前者盐基代换总量每百克黏土粒(<5 micron)为18m.e.后背为30m.e.,兹将试验所得结果归纳如次: 1.磷酸固定量每因土壤胶体之不同而有差异,由黄壤所提取之黏土其磷酸固定量亦较紫色土为高。 2.土壤之磷酸固定量,非特因土壤胶体之不同而有差异,即或同一黏土,其磷酸固定量亦因其代换性盐基之不同而有差异,概言之,钠黏土之磷酸固定量为最小,钾黏土次之钡、铵黏土又次之,而以钙黏土为最大,其磷酸固定次序为: Ca-黏土>Mg-黏土>H-黏土>B(?)-黏土>NH_4-黏土>K-黏土>Na 黏土 3.各种不同代换性盐基的粘土,加磷酸溶液后,其反应亦各不相同,H~-黏土之 pH 值为3.2—4.5,因其酸度较高,溶液中之游离铁与游离铝含量较多,是故磷酸固定量亦较高,如以淡盐酸(pH=2)洗涤,除去其中游离铁铝后,其磷酸固定量则大为减少,Na~-黏土与 K~-粘土之溶液中,因 OH 离子较多(pH=8.0—8.6),而磷酸钠与磷酸钾又为水溶性,故磷酸固定量为最少。Ca~-粘土与 Mg-粘土其反应属中性至微碱性,pH=7.5—8.0,因溶液中 Ca,Mg 离子浓度较高,磷酸则为此 Ca,Mg离子所固定,故在中性土壤中,磷酸固定以 Ca 为其主要在子,酸性土壤则以水化铁为其主要因子。 4.钙粘土所固定之磷酸,如以0.002 N H_2SO_4提取,其所固定之磷酸复可溶解,是项固定之磷酸与 Heck 所称「暂时固定磷酸」颇为相似。

Since the year 1886, the Dupuit-Forchheimer theory and formulas for gravityflows toward wells and galleries have been broadly used in all nations of theworld. In these formulas, assumptions are made for underground flows fromfarther distances in horizontal directions at a constant rate toward wells andgalleries. According to the author's analysis, these assumptions are not consistentwith the actual conditions of flow, hence the formulas obtained therefrom are notrational, and the employment of these formulas...

Since the year 1886, the Dupuit-Forchheimer theory and formulas for gravityflows toward wells and galleries have been broadly used in all nations of theworld. In these formulas, assumptions are made for underground flows fromfarther distances in horizontal directions at a constant rate toward wells andgalleries. According to the author's analysis, these assumptions are not consistentwith the actual conditions of flow, hence the formulas obtained therefrom are notrational, and the employment of these formulas to investigate the general effectof surface drop or well diametre upon yield is devoid of rational foundations. According to the author's analysis, the flows toward wells or galleries areactually supplied vertically by draining the stored water above the free surface inthe course of its descending and enlarging. As the drainage of gravity water fromthe pores of soil particles in order to reduce the water content to that of filmshells takes one to two days, as the capillary water columns are interconnectedand mutually supplied sidewise, this vertical supply of water may maintain quite along time, yet the flow may not be absolutely steady. As regards vertical supply of water with unsteady regimen, equations of freesurface for flow pattern near galleries are deduced, corresponding to the Boussinesqpartial differential equation. Besides, the author has derived simplified equationsfor computing flows into wells and galleries. The latter, in comparison with theDupuit-Forchheimer formulas, gives a higher yield, while the free surface curve isreasonably tangent to the horizontal water table at a point which moves fartheraway as time goes on. J. Kozeny first pointed out the phenomenon that the water depth in the groundon the wall will not be further lowered when it reaches one half of the depthbefore pumping. The author hereby proposes a theoretical proof of it on the basisof theorem of least work. Based upon these theories, formulas are proposed for maximum possible yieldof wells and galleries dug to horizontal impervious strata, to be used in prelimi-nary estimations for hydro-geological workers.

1886年以来,杜布义-福熙罕默(Dupuit-Forchheimer)的流及沟流的理论与计算用公式被世界各国广泛地应用着。公式假设地下水从远处沿着水平方向以定率流向内或沟内,按作者分析这种假设并不符合实际情况,因之所得公式也不合理,用这些公式来推论水位降落或径对於出水率的影响也没有合理的凭据。作者推论,流或沟流的水实际上是从水面线以上,在其降落并扩大的过程中,排除了存积的水,沿着直垂方向所供应着的。因为从土壤颗粒的空隙间排除重力水,使减为薄膜水,每需时一两天,而水面上的毛细管水又是横向贯通并互相接济着,所以垂直供水可以维持很久,而潜流也决不会绝对稳定。根据这垂直供水的不定汉条件引出了沟流的水面线公式,结果符合蒲薪奈斯克的偏微分方程式。另外,作者又拟具了简化的流及沟流计算用公式。这些公式和杜氏-福氏公式比较,所得出水率较大,而水面线则合理地切於静水线,切点随着时程向远处移动。柯臣尼(J.Kozeny)最早指出边地内水深不会低於静水深一半的现象,本文中作者根据最小工作定律试拟了理论的证明以支持之。根据这些理论,引出了从静水中抽水...

1886年以来,杜布义-福熙罕默(Dupuit-Forchheimer)的流及沟流的理论与计算用公式被世界各国广泛地应用着。公式假设地下水从远处沿着水平方向以定率流向内或沟内,按作者分析这种假设并不符合实际情况,因之所得公式也不合理,用这些公式来推论水位降落或径对於出水率的影响也没有合理的凭据。作者推论,流或沟流的水实际上是从水面线以上,在其降落并扩大的过程中,排除了存积的水,沿着直垂方向所供应着的。因为从土壤颗粒的空隙间排除重力水,使减为薄膜水,每需时一两天,而水面上的毛细管水又是横向贯通并互相接济着,所以垂直供水可以维持很久,而潜流也决不会绝对稳定。根据这垂直供水的不定汉条件引出了沟流的水面线公式,结果符合蒲薪奈斯克的偏微分方程式。另外,作者又拟具了简化的流及沟流计算用公式。这些公式和杜氏-福氏公式比较,所得出水率较大,而水面线则合理地切於静水线,切点随着时程向远处移动。柯臣尼(J.Kozeny)最早指出边地内水深不会低於静水深一半的现象,本文中作者根据最小工作定律试拟了理论的证明以支持之。根据这些理论,引出了从静水中抽水时流、沟流最大可能出水率的公式,以供水文地质工作者初步估算之用。

 
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