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第二跖骨
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  second metatarsal
     Normally the average length of the first metatarsal was 59.4mm in the male and 55mm in the female and that of the second metatarsal were 60.8mm and 63.6mm respectively for the males and the females.
     正常第一跖骨长度,男性平均59.4mm,女性平均55mm。 第二跖骨长度,男性平均60.8mm,女性平均63.6mm。
短句来源
     In the feet with hallux valgus, the length of the first metatarsal was in average 57.5mm in the male and 54.8mm in the female, and that of the second metatarsal measured 66.5mm in the males and 61.7mm in the females.
     外翻足第一跖骨长度,男性平均57.5mm,女性平均54.8mm。 第二跖骨长度,男性平均66.5mm,女性平均61.7mm。
短句来源
     3) The pressure under second metatarsal in the group with second metatarsalgia existed in the interval between 5.20% to 7.29% of body weight.
     (3)! 外翻合并第二跖骨头下疼痛组第二跖骨头下压力占体重的5.20%~7.29%。
短句来源
     Results Failure occurred in four specimens at 29,285 24798 17956, 31268 cycles partially and showed spiral fracture of the metaphysis the second metatarsal.
     结果 当载荷循环次数分别为29285次、24798次、17956次、31268次时,有4例标本的第二跖骨干骺端出现螺旋形骨折,标本X线片基本符合真实疲劳性骨折图像。
短句来源
     ResultsThe finite element model of elastic arch of flat foot was established,peak values of fatigue stresses of second metatarsal and plantar aponeurosis in flat foot were individually 28.77 MPa and 12.53 MPa,these stresses of flat foot increased individually 8%~21% and 21%~51% than those of normal foot.
     结果 建立了扁平足弹性足弓有限元模型 ,计算得到步态周期各个阶段扁平足第二跖骨和足底腱膜的动态应力峰值分别约为 2 8 77MPa和 12 5 3MPa ,扁平足的第二跖骨动态应力比正常足增加了 8%~ 2 1% ,扁平足的足底腱膜动态应力比正常足增加了 2 1%~ 5 1%。
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  “第二跖骨”译为未确定词的双语例句
     It was recorded as 11. 6mm,13.6mm,13.3mm, 12. 0mm,10.7mm,16.7mm,16. 8mm in the regions of the first metatarsal head, the second,the third,the fourth,the fifth,the fifth metatarsal basis and calcaneal tuberosity.
     第一跖骨头足底软组织厚度:11.6±3.5mm,第二跖骨头:13.6±3.1mm,第三跖骨头:13.3±2.9mm,第四跖骨头:12.0±2.8mm,第五跖骨头:10.7±2.8mm,第五跖骨底:16.7±4.8mm,跟骨结节:16.8±2.9mm。
短句来源
     There was a difference between the first and the second metatarsals of 9.1mm and 8.4mm respectively in the males and the females;
     第二跖骨与第一跖骨长度差,男性平均9.1mm,女性平均8.4mm。
短句来源
     Bone mineral content(BMC)and bone density(BMC/BW)of bilateral tibia were measured with SPA—Ⅲ bone mineral analysis instrument. BMC, BMC/BW, bone cortical width (BC1, BC2), bone length and volume of the bilateral second metatarsus were measured.
     运用SPA—Ⅲ骨矿分析仪对双侧胫骨宽度(BW),骨矿物质含量(BMC)骨面密度(BMC/BW)测定,并对双侧第二跖骨骨体积,骨长度,骨皮质厚度(BC1,BC2),BMC及BMC/BW进行测定六次,取平均值。
短句来源
     The length and volume of the Second metatarsus have difference(P<0.05, 0.01 respect—ively), and it not there difference(P>0.05)in bone width.
     对第二跖骨骨长度及骨体积测量,制动组比对照组增长且体积增大,两者之间有显著性差异(P<0.001),而骨宽度两组之间无差异(P>0.05);
短句来源
     We considered the method of removing simultaneously second toe and metatarsal, the first web space of the foot, and the dorsal pedis flap to reconstruct the thumb and metacarpus, is superior in many respects to the traditional methods.
     作者认为,采用同时切取第二足趾、第二跖骨、第一趾蹼及足背皮瓣,一次完成拇指、第一掌骨和虎口重建的手术方法,疗程短,患者负担小,疗效明显优于传统的分次手术方法。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     The second issue is explanation of crime of disrupting the orde
     第二
短句来源
     Second, the coursingcase of 1999~ 2000 and January?
     第二
短句来源
     MICROSURGICAL TREATMENT OF ISCHEMIC NECROSIS OF THE HEAD OF THE 2nd METATARSAL BONE
     第二跖骨头缺血性坏死的显微外科治疗
短句来源
     Bilateral tibia and the second metatarsus were moved out and rejected all connective tissue.
     取其双侧胫骨,第二跖骨,剔除周围的软组织。
短句来源
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  second metatarsal
Elevation of the first metatarsal head greater than 5 mm dorsal to the second metatarsal constitutes hypermobility.
      
Weight bearing dorsoplantar X-rays are mandatory to demonstrate the diastases between the base of the first and second metatarsal.
      
Twenty-four leprosy patients having mild and moderate collapse of the nose were operated using a corticoperiosteal graft from second metatarsal bone.
      
Correction of mild and moderately collapsed nose in leprosy patients using a second metatarsal corticoperiosteal bone graft
      
A corticoperiosteal graft obtained from the second metatarsal bone was placed in a pocket created between the lining and the cover of the nose.
      
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The reconstruction of the tbumb with a second toe free graft has recently been considered as a most ideal method. So far we have read only report about reconstruction of the thumb defect in adult. In October 1978, an 8-years-old boy, who lost his left thumb during an electrical accident was subjected successfully to a left thumb reconstruction in our hospifal. The left second toe free graft with the dorsalis flap was used. Recent follow—up examination revealed that the results were satisfactory.

一位8岁的男孩,因电击伤致左拇指全缺损与虎口,食中指疤痕挛缩,做了左第二脚趾带足背皮瓣的游离移植再造拇指和修复虎口获得成功。本文简述手术方法。强调为保证移植脚趾骨的生长,保留移植脚趾较多的骨骺,在第二跖骨中段截断跖骨。为保证骨骺完整性我们采用“L”型相嵌钢丝缠绕接骨固定,避免克氏针穿过并损伤骨骺。该接骨法固定稳定愈合良好。

The article presents the author's personal experience and several key points of successful second-toe-to-thumb transfer by microvascular technique in 29 cases from 1979-1980. 16 cases were of second-toe-to-thumb transfer together with the second metatarsal bone and the dorsal pedis flap while the rest were merely second-toe-to-thumb transfer.Proper preoperative evaluation of the status of donor and recipient vessels, meticulous dissection, keeping the tissue ischemic time to the minimum, avoiding too long vascular...

The article presents the author's personal experience and several key points of successful second-toe-to-thumb transfer by microvascular technique in 29 cases from 1979-1980. 16 cases were of second-toe-to-thumb transfer together with the second metatarsal bone and the dorsal pedis flap while the rest were merely second-toe-to-thumb transfer.Proper preoperative evaluation of the status of donor and recipient vessels, meticulous dissection, keeping the tissue ischemic time to the minimum, avoiding too long vascular pedicle and strict postoperative care are all important factors for a success.

文章叙述了29例第二足趾移植再造拇指取得完全成功的经验,29例中16例第二足趾、第二跖骨及足背皮瓣复合组织移植,也取得了完全成功。文章通过术前选择病例,术中解剖技术的改进,及术后处理的严密性等论述,来说明取得成功的经验。

Immobilization is a effective treatment method in orthopedics and trauma. Athough used widely, it could cause lofs of bone. Twelve mature rabbits of mixed sex weighting from 2.8 to 3 Kg were used in the experiment. The left hind limb cast in a cylindrial extending from just below the inguinal region to the ankle with the knee flexed at a 30 degree angle, the right hind limb of the same rabbit served as a control. The rabbits could move freely in the trunk. After 7 weeks, all rabbits were sacrificed. Bilateral...

Immobilization is a effective treatment method in orthopedics and trauma. Athough used widely, it could cause lofs of bone. Twelve mature rabbits of mixed sex weighting from 2.8 to 3 Kg were used in the experiment. The left hind limb cast in a cylindrial extending from just below the inguinal region to the ankle with the knee flexed at a 30 degree angle, the right hind limb of the same rabbit served as a control. The rabbits could move freely in the trunk. After 7 weeks, all rabbits were sacrificed. Bilateral tibia and the second metatarsus were moved out and rejected all connective tissue. Bone mineral content(BMC)and bone density(BMC/BW)of bilateral tibia were measured with SPA—Ⅲ bone mineral analysis instrument. BMC, BMC/BW, bone cortical width (BC1, BC2), bone length and volume of the bilateral second metatarsus were measured. The results show that BMC and BMC/BW in middle tibia and significant difference (P<0.01) comparing experiment group with control one and there was difference (P<0.05) in one—third lower tibia between two groups. The length and volume of the Second metatarsus have difference(P<0.05, 0.01 respect—ively), and it not there difference(P>0.05)in bone width. There were difference (P<0.05, 0.01) in BC1, BC2 and BMC/BW. It is concluded that immlbilization could cause loss of bone mass and decreased of BMC, and lower O_2 and active muscles exercise of metatarsophalangeal joint could prevent loss of bone mass.

石膏制动作为骨科治疗中的一个重要措施,广泛应用于临床。但制动可以导致骨的丧失。本文对12只成年家兔左侧肢体从后肢自腹股沟至踝关节,作膝关节屈曲30°石膏管型固定。以对侧肢体作正常对照组。施以标准化饲养喂养,在笼中可以自由活动。经7周后,12只动物一次性处死。取其双侧胫骨,第二跖骨,剔除周围的软组织。运用SPA—Ⅲ骨矿分析仪对双侧胫骨宽度(BW),骨矿物质含量(BMC)骨面密度(BMC/BW)测定,并对双侧第二跖骨骨体积,骨长度,骨皮质厚度(BC1,BC2),BMC及BMC/BW进行测定六次,取平均值。结果表明,胫骨中段BMC及BMC/BW制动组与正常对照组比较有显著性差异(P<0.001);在胫骨中下1/3处BMC和BMC/BW中,两组间亦有差异(P<0.05)。对第二跖骨骨长度及骨体积测量,制动组比对照组增长且体积增大,两者之间有显著性差异(P<0.001),而骨宽度两组之间无差异(P>0.05);骨皮质BC1,BC2两组间比较有显著性差异(P<0.01);BMC和BMC/BW,两组间亦有差异(P<0.05,0.01)。从结果可看出,超关节石膏固定,可使局部骨矿物质含量下...

石膏制动作为骨科治疗中的一个重要措施,广泛应用于临床。但制动可以导致骨的丧失。本文对12只成年家兔左侧肢体从后肢自腹股沟至踝关节,作膝关节屈曲30°石膏管型固定。以对侧肢体作正常对照组。施以标准化饲养喂养,在笼中可以自由活动。经7周后,12只动物一次性处死。取其双侧胫骨,第二跖骨,剔除周围的软组织。运用SPA—Ⅲ骨矿分析仪对双侧胫骨宽度(BW),骨矿物质含量(BMC)骨面密度(BMC/BW)测定,并对双侧第二跖骨骨体积,骨长度,骨皮质厚度(BC1,BC2),BMC及BMC/BW进行测定六次,取平均值。结果表明,胫骨中段BMC及BMC/BW制动组与正常对照组比较有显著性差异(P<0.001);在胫骨中下1/3处BMC和BMC/BW中,两组间亦有差异(P<0.05)。对第二跖骨骨长度及骨体积测量,制动组比对照组增长且体积增大,两者之间有显著性差异(P<0.001),而骨宽度两组之间无差异(P>0.05);骨皮质BC1,BC2两组间比较有显著性差异(P<0.01);BMC和BMC/BW,两组间亦有差异(P<0.05,0.01)。从结果可看出,超关节石膏固定,可使局部骨矿物质含量下降,骨内脱钙比较明显。在肢体远端,由于静脉淤滞,PH降低,骨内压增高,骨组织处在缺氧情况下,刺激了骨膜成骨,促进骨生长,可见到骨体积长度增大,骨皮质增厚,另外,局部CO_2增高,可以直接做为成骨细胞调节基因的诱异物,促进骨生长,再加之跖骨及趾骨在石膏外可做一定程度的运动,这些都可以促进骨钙沉积,骨矿质增高。

 
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