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大学     
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  university
    Implement the 2nd Band Syllabus of College English and Enhance the Quality of College English Teaching of Foshan University
    执行大学英语二级教学大纲 提高我校大学英语教学质量
短句来源
    Some Opinions about English Teaching in an University
    关于大学英语教学的几点想法
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    This paper concludes and analyzes the present situation of college English achievement test, indicates some existing problems and finally offers the grope for the development of college English achievement test through the spot checks of non-English majors of one university in Zhejiang province who were admitted in 2004 and 2005 and collections of some data through the questionnaires.
    本文通过对浙江某高校非英语专业2004、2005级本科学生的抽样调查研究,以问卷调查的形式采集数据,总结并分析大学英语成绩测试的现状,揭示了其存在的问题,最后提出非英语专业学生成绩测试改革的发展探索。
短句来源
    Seen from the investigated statistics of non-English majors at the East China Univeristy of Politics and Law and newly-built Taizhou University,two findings are as follows: 1) there is statistical difference between two universities,mainly being shown in three aspects such as communication apprehension,fear of negative evaluation and class anxiety;
    从华东政法大学和台州学院两类高校非英语专业学生调研数据来看,可以得出以下两个结论:1、两类高校的英语焦虑水平有显著差异且主要表现在英语使用焦虑、负评价恐惧和课堂焦虑三个方面;
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    A Great Need for Improving English Writing Ability of University Students
    提高大学英语写作能力的几点思考
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  college
    College English
    大学英语
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    Brief Comments on《Modern English》——Concerning the conpilation of college English textbooks concurrently
    简评《现代英语》——兼论大学英语教材的编写
短句来源
    A Tentative Approach to the Reading of College English
    大学英语阅读教学初探
短句来源
    Implement the 2nd Band Syllabus of College English and Enhance the Quality of College English Teaching of Foshan University
    执行大学英语二级教学大纲 提高我校大学英语教学质量
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    On Characteristics of College English Teaching in China
    浅议中国特色的大学英语教学
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  universities
    Language Teaching and the Universities in the 1980s
    语言教学与八十年代的大学语言系
短句来源
    Seen from the investigated statistics of non-English majors at the East China Univeristy of Politics and Law and newly-built Taizhou University,two findings are as follows: 1) there is statistical difference between two universities,mainly being shown in three aspects such as communication apprehension,fear of negative evaluation and class anxiety;
    从华东政法大学和台州学院两类高校非英语专业学生调研数据来看,可以得出以下两个结论:1、两类高校的英语焦虑水平有显著差异且主要表现在英语使用焦虑、负评价恐惧和课堂焦虑三个方面;
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    Analysis of the status quo and thoughts on reforms of CET in universities
    大学英语教学现状分析及改革思路
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    How to Improve English Applying Abilities of the Students in Vocational Universities
    论提高职业大学学生的英语应用能力
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    On the reform of College English curriculum design in key universities
    压缩大学基础英语,提高语言学习效率——试论重点大学大学英语课程设置改革
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  at university
    Opinion of English Quality Education at University
    大学英语素质教育之我见
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    Practice and Research on the Teaching Methods of English Vocabulary at University
    大学英语词汇教学方法的实践与研究
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    Meaningful Theory and Vocabulary Teaching Strategies in Extensive Reading Class at University
    意义理论与大学英语泛读词汇教学策略
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    Discussion about the Interesting Teaching in the First Year English Teaching at University
    浅谈大学一年级英语教学的趣味性
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    Women Outperform Men at University,Say Academics
    大学女生比男生更优秀
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      university
    This study was conducted at Maoershan Forest Research Station (45°21'-45°25'N, 127°30'-127°34'E) owned by Northeast Forestry University in Harbin, northeast China.
          
    pendula Schneid, grow well on the Xilin campus of Northwest A>amp;amp;F University.
          
    In the present paper we briefly sum up works on completely irreducible operators that have been done by the Functional Analysis Seminar of Jilin University in the past ten years and more.
          
    The new algorithm is applied in a three dimensional CAD software (GEMS), produced by Tsinghua University.
          
    gmelinii plantation in Maoershan Experiment Station, Northeast Forestry University, China.
          
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      college
    All their specimens are deposited in the insect specimen laboratory of the Department of Resources, Southwest Forestry College (Kunming, China).
          
    Investigations in the field of fluidization, carried out at London University College
          
    The main trend in investigations carried out at London University College is an elucidation of the mechanism of the operation of chemical reactors with a fluidized bed.
          
    In this study, we analyzed the physiological and psychological states of female college students using the typological theory of Carl Jung.
          
    One hundred children with suspected congenital and/or malformation and their parents who reported to SAT hospital, Medical College, Trivandrum, India formed the test group.
          
    更多          
      universities
    The question-answering system introduced in Chinese universities is a developed and proven system capable of precise results.
          
    What Kind of Professional Training of Analytical Chemists is Required in Classical Universities
          
    The aims, curricula, and types of professional training of analytical chemists in classical universities are considered.
          
    Analytical Chemistry in the System of Interrelationships among Disciplines Studied at Classical Universities
          
    The requirements for the minimum content and level of training to give the supplemental Expert in Environmental Safety qualification to graduates of classical universities specializing in chemistry (specialty no.
          
    更多          
      at university
    A new modeling concept, referred to as Modeling Surgery, has been recently developed at University of Wisconsin-Madison.
          
    This paper presents a survey of the Tethered Lifting System (TLS) being developed for atmospheric research by the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at University of Colorado.
          
    In Germany - in contrast to other countries - the existing deficit of respiratory care medicine at university hospitals is reflected in an even aggravated fashion in the lack of involvement in intensive care medicine.
          
    9th Meeting of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society at University College and Middlesex School of Medicine, London, on 8th No
          
    The paper focuses upon curriculum planning in the scientific disciplines at university level, although it is claimed the argument may be of wider applicability.
          
    更多          


    CA has been extensively researched and found to affect about 20 percent of America's school population to the extent that those affected are being called handicapped and treated as learning-disabled in many places. The exploratory research reported here indicates similar incidence in a small group sample of Chinese college students. Further research in the People's Republic of China seems important since CA has been found to cause a negative impact on learning.Numerous methods to reduce CA have been tested in...

    CA has been extensively researched and found to affect about 20 percent of America's school population to the extent that those affected are being called handicapped and treated as learning-disabled in many places. The exploratory research reported here indicates similar incidence in a small group sample of Chinese college students. Further research in the People's Republic of China seems important since CA has been found to cause a negative impact on learning.Numerous methods to reduce CA have been tested in America, and several are being utilized at the college level. Should the CA level be as high in the . People's Republic of China as the research suggests, those methods may prove valuable in reducing CA among Chinese as well.

    本文讨论交际畏怯心理(Communication Apprehension,以下简称CA)在教育上的效果,兼谈作者对一部分中国大学生进行CA调查的结果。CA是指在实际或预期与人进行交际时感到的紧张害怕心情。CA的表现方式很多,只有少数几种,如说、写、唱的CA,有人对之进行过仔细的研究。本文主要谈口语交际中的CA。具有高度CA的人,几乎在一切说话场合,不论人多人少,都感到害怕或紧张,他们总是极力避免说话,不得不说话时,总是表现出羞怯紧张,缺乏自信,言不尽意。这种人拙于交际,难以给人良好印象,因而在经济、政洽、社交、学业各方面都受到不利影响。在学校里,在教师和同学心目中,他们显得缺乏信心和主张,怕冒风险,遇事随大溜,沉默寡言,难以了解,冷漠不易亲近;在社交上和对于异性吸引力较小;交际、办事和自持的能力也不如其他学生。教师一般认为这种学生的总的学业成绩、对人关系以及学习前途各方面都不如人。他们在大学里的总平均分数、小班学习分数、统一测验成绩等都低于别人,尽管他们中有许多人智力水平很高。CA的成因尚未完全探明。CA与遗传无关,是个人后得的特点,通常养成于童年初期。幼时说话受不到正面鼓励,或竟受...

    本文讨论交际畏怯心理(Communication Apprehension,以下简称CA)在教育上的效果,兼谈作者对一部分中国大学生进行CA调查的结果。CA是指在实际或预期与人进行交际时感到的紧张害怕心情。CA的表现方式很多,只有少数几种,如说、写、唱的CA,有人对之进行过仔细的研究。本文主要谈口语交际中的CA。具有高度CA的人,几乎在一切说话场合,不论人多人少,都感到害怕或紧张,他们总是极力避免说话,不得不说话时,总是表现出羞怯紧张,缺乏自信,言不尽意。这种人拙于交际,难以给人良好印象,因而在经济、政洽、社交、学业各方面都受到不利影响。在学校里,在教师和同学心目中,他们显得缺乏信心和主张,怕冒风险,遇事随大溜,沉默寡言,难以了解,冷漠不易亲近;在社交上和对于异性吸引力较小;交际、办事和自持的能力也不如其他学生。教师一般认为这种学生的总的学业成绩、对人关系以及学习前途各方面都不如人。他们在大学里的总平均分数、小班学习分数、统一测验成绩等都低于别人,尽管他们中有许多人智力水平很高。CA的成因尚未完全探明。CA与遗传无关,是个人后得的特点,通常养成于童年初期。幼时说话受不到正面鼓励,或竟受到责罚,往往造成CA。身体受外伤有时也导致CA。CA通常都是在学前期形成,偶尔也有出现于入学之后。教师和同学的态度也有影响,可以增强,也可以减弱CA,但这种变化十分缓慢,一般不易觉察。CA的存在情况,在美国进行过较多的研究,其他国家的情况研究不多。本文作者采取在美国用过的个人填报的方式,对一部分中国大学生进行了选样调查,结果表明这种心理在中国学生中也是存在的。所用办法是让276名北京外国语学院的学生填写调查表,调查表共有20个项目,都是关于与人进行言语交际时的个人感受(如“我不怕面对听众”,“我乐于在会上发表意见”,“我参加小组讨论时心里感到紧张”之类),答案对所陈述的情况表示肯定或否定,分为:1.同意,2.很同意,3.说不好,4.不同意,5.很不同意。要求调查对象据实填写,然后即据此数字定分。中国学生的调查结果,经分析后又与美国夏威夷大学的397名学生使用同法的调查结果作了比较,发现这两部分学生的CA总平均分数相差颇大,受调查的中国学生为61.21,夏威夷大学学生为63.34。中国学生的CA与美国全国标准数60.45相差无几。CA分数在61—70之间者定为中等,71—80之间为高度,80以上为严重。受调查的中国学生CA高度的占16.3%,严重的占3.1%,二者合计为19.4%。这样的学生,在美国就要被认为在言语上有缺陷。上述研究结果,只是初步探讨性质,因为这是跨文化的比较,也牵涉到认识和方法上的困难,调查人数有限,代表性也不足。但是这个选样调查可以表明CA在一般中国大学生中是存在的,因而值得作进一步的研究。鉴于CA有种种不利后果,有必要寻求减轻之道。美国交际问题学者试验过各种方法。本文简要介绍了三种方法,都已实际应用于美国学校,并被认为效果很好。一种叫系统除敏法,是让学生在实验室内做一套放松和消除神经紧张的练习,学生可以看到自己在说话场合中的情状,然后通过放松肌肉的练习来抵消在此情境中的紧张反应。另一种是在修习交际课程的学生中挑选出CA较高的学生,编入人数较少的特别班,对其进行口头应对训练,特别着重针对具体情况的应付方法进行教和练。再一种是夏威夷大学所采用的方法,既做实验室除敏练习,又在说话训练课程中进行减轻CA的特别训练。学生先练二人对谈,再进到小组交谈,最后做当众演说。采取此法训练的结果,学生的CA总是有显著的改变。

    Professor Randolph Quirk of London University holds that "unless" can only introduce a true clause of condition, and in which the "unless" can be replaced by an "if not"; whereas the vice-versa case cannot stand, i. e., the "if not" in a conditional clause cannot be replaced by "unless".The paper quotes a number of sentences from some British and American magazines, as well as dictionaries, to contribute a supplement to the above Quirk theorem, elaborating on the inter-replacability between the true and false...

    Professor Randolph Quirk of London University holds that "unless" can only introduce a true clause of condition, and in which the "unless" can be replaced by an "if not"; whereas the vice-versa case cannot stand, i. e., the "if not" in a conditional clause cannot be replaced by "unless".The paper quotes a number of sentences from some British and American magazines, as well as dictionaries, to contribute a supplement to the above Quirk theorem, elaborating on the inter-replacability between the true and false conditional clause introduced by "unless" on the hand and the "if"-conditional clause on the other.

    伦敦大学Randolph Quirk教授等认为,unless引导的只能是真实条件句,该句可由if……not……句替代,而在合有if not的虚拟条件句中,逆定理则不成立,即不能以unless去置换。本文引用英美杂志、词典中的若干例句对上述说法提出补充,并详细探讨了unless引导的真实、虚拟两种条件句与if条件句的置换关系。

    The outline of the College English teaching published in 1985 stresses that to improve the students' reading ability is our main task.ln order to fulfil this task better we have been trying hard to improve our teaching methods. This article in three aspects introduces the measures we have taken as well as some initial good results we have got by taking these measures.

    1985年颁布的《大学英语教学大钢》强调指出:提高学生的阅读能力是我们英语教学的主要任务。我们在贯彻《大纲》的实践中,围绕这一主要任务进行努力。本文论述了我们为提高学生英语阅读能力所作的几点尝试。

     
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