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许多研究者
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  many researchers
    Mental rotation is one of important activity in human. Many researchers studied this problem from different points, however, researchers don't reach an agreement about the essence of mental rotation.
    心理旋转是人的一个重要心理活动,许多研究者从不同角度对心理旋转进行了研究,但对于心理旋转本质一直存在争论。
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    Imagination inflation had provided a new paradigm for the false memory research. Afterwards many researchers had conducted extensive research on the autobiographical memory, the recent memory as well as the simple action memory.
    想象膨胀范式为错误记忆的研究提供了一种新的思路与方法,随后许多研究者都运用此范式对自传体记忆、近期记忆以及简单行为记忆进行了广泛的研究。
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    Many researchers have studied in this field, but the results still have differences because of different research tools and methods, as well as the group of people in different region.
    虽然,许多研究者对此方面的研究已有初步的探讨,但由于研究的手段和方法、以及人群所在区域不尽相同,结果仍有差异。
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    Language association study is a learning method to help remember language material and improve learning result by association in study. Since the end of 19th century when German psychologist first studied the language association study, many researchers at home and abroad have done further study on it.
    言语联想学习是学习中对言语材料通过联想帮助记忆,提高学习效果的一种学习方法,自19世纪末,德国心理学家对言语联想学习的研究开了先河后,国内外许多研究者对此作了进一步研究。
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  “许多研究者”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Premack and Woodruff first presented the concept of "theory of mind" in 1978 in their research of chapineezes. From then on, lots of researchers did research on the theoretical and empirical aspects of theory of mind, which made it one of the most active areas of developmental psychology during the resent 20 years.
    自1978年Premack和Woodruff在对黑猩猩的研究中首次提出“心理理论”{theory of mind}的概念以来,许多研究者对儿童心理理论进行了大量的理论探讨和实证研究,使该领域成为近20年来发展心理学中最活跃最多产的研究课题之一。
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    This is named self reference effect(ab. SRE) by Rogers. Some researchers who use R/K paradigm to study SRE find that SRE only reflects on R reaction which is based on recollection.
    许多研究者们在运用R/K范式研究自我参照效应时发现,自我参照效应只体现在基于回忆经验的R反应上。
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    Because of the discrepancy between the theories,thereare many differences in the theoretical construction,research methods and explanation ofresults among researchers.
    由于这种理论观点上的分歧,使许多研究者在特殊儿童的研究构思、方法以及对结果的解释上存在着差异.
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    In the present study, two picture-word interference experiments investigated whether properties of nouns may affect classifiers selection during the production of Chinese noun and noun phrases in the form of quantifier+classifier+noun.
    目前,语言产生领域的多数研究都集中在口语词语产生方面,许多研究者针对不同的语言系统的特色,对功能词进行了大量跨语言的研究。 汉语量词是汉藏语系独有的功能词,本研究采用词图干扰范式,以名词短语和简单名词两种不同的图片命名任务,探讨了汉语量词的产生过程。
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    This article synthesizes plenty of foreign researches of the definition,the categories and also two theories of counterfactual thinking:Norm Theory Perspective and Goal-Directed Perspective.
    该文通过综合国外许多研究者的研究成果,探讨了反事实思维的定义、分类以及反事实思维的两大理论:范例说和目标-指向说。
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  many researchers
Many researchers have tried to describe this collapse process.
      
Smart materials such as electrorheological fluids have attracted many researchers' attention because of their resistance changeable performance in different electric fields.
      
The former two problems have been well reviewed by many researchers, whereas the latter two have not been comprehensively surveyed to our knowledge.
      
The method of projections onto convex sets (POCS) for super-resolution image reconstruction attracts many researchers' attention.
      
The separations of olefin/paraffin, aromatic/aliphatic hydrocarbons or olefin isomers using ionic liquids instead of volatile solvents have interested many researchers.
      
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There are two hypothesis in the area of researches on special children,i.e.general orlocal theory of child development.Because of the discrepancy between the theories,thereare many differences in the theoretical construction,research methods and explanation ofresults among researchers.The methodological aspects in the research of mentalredardation,giftedness and learning disabilities are explored in termsof definitions,theoriesand methodology of the researches on special children.

在特殊儿童的研究领域中,存在着两种理论假设,即所谓的一般的和局部的儿童发展理论.由于这种理论观点上的分歧,使许多研究者在特殊儿童的研究构思、方法以及对结果的解释上存在着差异.本文着重从弱智、天才和学习无能这三类特殊儿童的定义、理论以及研究方法这三个方面来讨论特殊儿童研究中所存在的方法论问题.

Short term memory (STM) is an important research area in cognitive psychologicy.In 1966, Sternberg proposed a model of serial and exhaustive search to explain the retrieval process of short term memory.Since then, a great deal of research has been conducted which may suggest the existence of some other retrieval process such as serial self terminated search, parallel process, direct access, search and direct access, two processes model, etc. This experiment explored the effects of acoustic and visual coding...

Short term memory (STM) is an important research area in cognitive psychologicy.In 1966, Sternberg proposed a model of serial and exhaustive search to explain the retrieval process of short term memory.Since then, a great deal of research has been conducted which may suggest the existence of some other retrieval process such as serial self terminated search, parallel process, direct access, search and direct access, two processes model, etc. This experiment explored the effects of acoustic and visual coding on the process of Chinese character retrieval from short term memory by using Sternberg's “probe” paradigm. In the present experiment, Chinese characters were presented to subjects as their memory set and two types of probes followed. One type of probe had a similar pronunciation to the memory set and the other had a similar visual pattern. It was found that subjects' reaction times increased for both acoustic and visual coding settings and also increased with the size of the memory set. Regression analysis of reaction times revealed that in visual coding, the slope of the YES response was about half that of the NO response, while in acoustic coding, the reaction time for the YES response was the same as the NO response. In addition, the reaction times in acoustic coding were longer than those in visual coding. We concluded that coding systems greatly affected the process of retrieving Chinese characters from STM. Subjects tended to use self terminated search in visual code setting but they took an exhaustive search strategy in acoustic code setting.

短时记忆提取是认知心理学研究中的重要课题之一。自Sternberg(1 966)提出短时记忆提取作的是序列的从头到尾的完全搜索以来 ,许多研究者对短时记忆提取进行了广泛的研究 ,提出了序列的自动停止的搜索、平行加工、直接存取 ,以及序列搜索和直接存取双重模型等许多不同看法 ,引起了激烈争论。本研究的目的是试图探索编码方式对汉字短时记忆提取的影响。实验运用Sternberg的“探测法” ,以随机排列的汉字作识记组和探测项刺激。实验结果表明 :编码方式对汉字短时记忆提取有很大影响 ,当用声音编码方式提取短时记忆汉字时 ,被试倾向于从头到尾的完全的搜索 ;当用形状编码时 ,被试倾向于作自动停止的搜索。

This article reviewed the related research about the development of infants' ability to perceive physical causality, described this development and evaluated the modular theory and information-processing theory which explain infants'ability to perceive causality.

继Michotte(1963)用两个发生碰撞的小球对成人的物理因果理解进行研究以来,许多研究者使用该碰撞情境对婴儿的物理因果感知进行了一系列的研究,并得出了许多颇有争议的结论。本文结合近几年国外对婴儿物理因果感知能力的相关研究,阐述了婴儿感知简单物理情境中的因果关系能力的发展,评价了用来解释婴儿物理因果感知的模块理论与信息加工理论,以期对婴儿期的物理因果感知有一较全面的了解。

 
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