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  regarded as a
     At first,such system with the influences of complicated factors as slope can be regarded as a gray system,the slope displacement is respectively estimated by the GM(1,1) model,Verhulst model and DGM(2,1) model.
     首先,将边坡这类影响因素复杂的系统作为一个灰色系统,分别采用GM(1,1)模型、Verhulst模型及DGM(2,1)模型对位移值进行预测;
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     HP450 is possibly regarded as a new index of diagnosing liver cancer and a new target site of preventing and treating liver cancer
     HP450有可能作为诊断肝癌的新指标,在预防和治疗肝癌中可能作为一个新靶点。
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     Snort,a Data Pack Detector based on libpcap,can be regarded as a lighter NIDS.
     Snort是一个基于libpcap的数据包嗅探器并可以作为一个轻量级的网络入侵检测系统(NIDS)。
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     In this parper, by selecting the monthly average values of observed data of EW direction at Changli Station in 1983 - 1994 and by convolution filtering and multiple regression methods , the rainfall correction for p, has been made, it has been regarded as a grey box, the data has been extrapolated to the year of 1995, then residual analysis of original observed data is made , a certain effect has been obtained .
     本文选取昌黎台EW向1983-1994年观测资料月均值,用褶积滤波和多元回归方法对ρ_s进行了降雨校正,并将之作为一个灰箱系统,将资料外推至1995年,然后与原始观测值作残差分析,取得了一定效果.
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     Each kind of the dielectric in the cavity is regarded as a subdomain and analyzed by the FEM. Coupling of different subdomains is achieved by the transmission condition on the interface.
     对腔体外的区域采用BEM法分析,将腔体内的每层介质作为一个子域,用FEM法分析,各子域间通过传输条件进行耦合。
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  taken as a
     Therefore,the expression of CD44v6 can be taken as a reference marker of prognosis in infiltrating breast carcer.
     结论 黏附分子CD44v6的表达与浸润性乳腺癌的浸润、转移、预后有关 ,CD44v6可作为一个与乳腺癌预后密
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     The theory and method of systems were applied to the planning and design of resettlement of Gaobazhou Reservoir, Qingjiang River. The inundation and resettlement of Gaobazhou reservoir were taken as a big system,but the concerned environment and biology, society and economy, resources and development, laws and science and technology, etc. were taken as several subsystems.
     清江高坝洲库区移民规划设计应用了系统工程的理论和方法,把高坝洲水库淹没与移民工程作为一个大系统,凡涉及的环境与生态,社会与经济,资源与开发,法律与习俗,政府行为与科学技术等,均分别作为若干个小系统,整体研究水库淹没与移民安置所引起的生产系统和社会网络的破坏问题;
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     Based on stochastic medium theory, the non-linear subsidence model of underground cave surface is proposed, and a novel accelerated hybrid GA(AHGA) was established by setting the DFP method in real-code GA, which is taken as a genetic operator that parallels to the selection, crossover and mutation operators.
     根据随机介质理论构建地下洞室地表非线性沉降模型,把 DFP 变尺度算法作为一个与遗传算法的选择、交叉和变异平行的算子,嵌入到改进浮点编码遗传算法中,从而获得基于 DFP 算法和改进浮点编码遗传算法的加速混合遗传算法(AHGA),该方法既保留了 DFP 算法和改进浮点编码遗传算法的优点,又使收敛速度较快,还有可能搜索到最优化问题的全局优化解。
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     Each component is taken as a substructure and modal synthesis (free interface method) is performed to construct system coupled model. Then, an unstable mode, whose frequency is close to the brake squeal frequency, is obtained from the system model.
     针对一个有尖叫倾向的实际样车,通过有限元方法提取制动器各部件的模态参数,以制动器的每个部件作为一个子结构,应用自由界面法进行模态综合,得到了与实际尖叫情形相符的耦合模型(模型中存在一阶与尖叫频率对应的不稳定模态);
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     In this scheme, The whole Intelligent Community is taken as a Lon network, and each subsystems as a node of Lon network.
     该方案把整个智能小区安防系统作为一个LON网络,把各个子系统通过节点挂在Lonworks网络上。
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  treated as a
     Then, the loop of the suggested fuzzy controller and the fighter simulating model is treated as a plant and is controlled with the adaptive control technique so that the control system's adaptability to different fighter model is improved.
     然后 ,将所得到的模糊控制器与战斗机仿真模型一起作为一个控制对象 ,用自适应控制方法进行控制 ,以提高整个控制系统对不同战斗机模型的适应能力。
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     The control task of a multifingered hand is decomposed according to the interaction be-tween the fingers and the object. Each finger is treated as a subsystem and controlled by alower level controller. The subsystems are coordinated by a high level controller.
     根据手指和物体间相互作用的关系,把控制任务进行分解,每个手指作为一个子系统,由低层控制器控制,各子系统由协调层协调,各控制层只完成被分解的较为简单的任务,这种控制结构可以方便地采用多机控制,避免因计算速度太慢而造成的困难,控制算法和控制系统的设计也较为简单。
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     Based on the experimental phenomena of lasing in ZnO powder, the system of interaction of ZnO powder media with matching pump light was treated as a whole, and a corresponding physical model was found.
     从ZnO粉末激光的实验现象出发,将激光泵浦下的ZnO粉末介质相互作用系统作为一个整体,并建立相应的物理模型。
     In contrast, the V-angle was treated as a variable in the present study.
     相反,在目前的研究中,V角是作为一个变量来处理。
     The railway dispatching telephone system may be treated as a ladder network, its transmission characteristics can be precisely analysed and calculated by continuants (one kind of determinants).
     铁路调度电话系统可作为一个梯形网络,其传输特性可以利用连续式(行列式的一种)进行准确的分析和计算。
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  serve as a
     KT/V could not serve as a surrogate of adequacy of dialysis in the case of PCR<1.0g/(kg·day).
     在PCR<1.0g/(kg·d)条件下,KT/V难以作为一个评价透析充分与否的指标。
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     Conclusions:EphA2/EFNA1 are both expressed in human various tumor cell lines, and the expression levels of EFNA1 is relatively lower than those of EphA2. EphA2/EFNA1 may be novel tumor markers, and serve as a potential new target for cancer therapeutics.
     结论:EphA2/EFNA1高表达于人类多种肿瘤细胞中,并且EFNA1的表达水平相对低于EphA2的表达。 E-phA2/EFNA1可作为一个较为广谱的肿瘤标记,并有可能成为肿瘤治疗的靶点。
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     The photoluminescent complex [ Au2 (μ - PNP)3 ] ( ClO4 )2, PNP = 2,6 - bis( diphenylphosphino) pyridine, which has an open cavity, can serve as a host - complex. When the size and character of the host match with those of the guest, the host and the guest may bind to each other.
     光致发光配合物[Au_2(μ-PNP)_3](ClO_4)_2(PNP=2,6-双二苯基膦吡啶)具有一个空腔,作为一个主体配合物,当客体分子尺寸和性质特点匹配时,主客体分子相互作用,主体配合物光致发光性能和谱学性质发生变化.
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     Conclusion Our data demonstrate for the first time the mutation of SHIP gene in acute leukemia and suggest a possible role of the mutation of this gene in the development of acute leukemia. SHIP may serve as a tumor suppressor by negatively regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in hematopoietic cells.
     结论 首次发现急性白血病细胞中SHIP基因突变 ,提示SHIP基因的突变可能与白血病发病有关 ,在造血细胞中 ,很可能作为一个抑癌基因通过负性调节PI3K/Akt信号通路发挥作用
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     The concentration of plasma glutamine pre-and post - training can reflect the intensity of a training program and the glutamine/glutamate ratio may serve as a sensitive indicator of overtraining.
     训练前后血浆谷氨酰胺浓度的变化可反映训练的强度,谷氨酰胺和谷氨酸盐的比值(GM/GA)可作为一个早期诊断过度训练的敏感指标。
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  regarded as a
In this sense, this method can be regarded as a bridge that connects these two research fields.
      
The indefinability of this problem in o-minimal structures containing semialgebraic sets, which can be regarded as a characteristic for the complexity of the problem, is demonstrated.
      
Dynamic control of production, storage, and marketing processes is regarded as a cooperative game or as a two-criteria optimal control problem.
      
Decomposition of phenols and their mixtures by ozone in a semi-batch reactor is regarded as a dynamic process with an uncertain model ("black box").
      
The interhemispheric temperature and electrophysiological gradients are maintained throughout individual development, which is regarded as a factor accounting for asymmetry in the aging of the cerebral hemispheres.
      
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  taken as a
The DTV positioning that has a sub-meter level ranging error and meter level positioning accuracy can parallel with and even taken as a beneficial substitute for the tradition positioning technology.
      
On the foundation of the characteristics of the system, coding for parts is taken as a sample to validate and elaborate the flexible coding process of the system.
      
The flow with free streamline from the corner point at which the velocity of sound is reached is taken as a limiting case.
      
Calculated are: the fraction of the support parts that conduct electrons (taken as a whole, they form an "electron cluster"); the electron cluster's transparency; and the number of exits the electron cluster has onto the rear surface of PE.
      
When a ratio of 0.2 is taken as a basis to calculate rates of sugar uptake from observed maxima of sugar-dependent increases in respiration, rates of sugar uptake approached 350 nmol/(m2 leaf surface s).
      
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  treated as a
According to the features of the globular-transfer mode, the additional heat energy from molten metal droplets was treated as a plane or volumetric heat source term to correspond to different welding conditions.
      
The effect of ethanol on the micelle formation can be treated as a structure breaking process.
      
This was based on the derivation of averaged equations of the interaction of two waves, the region of interaction of the incident and reflected waves being treated as a self-similar solution of these equations.
      
The traps are treated as a new hydrodynamic phase, and the trapping process as a phase transition.
      
The packet is treated as a very simple model of a turbulent spot.
      
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  serve as a
These results might serve as a base for quality evaluation of Magnetitum (Cishi).
      
The biomimetic three-dimensional porous composite can serve as a kind of excellent scaffold material for bone tissue engineering because of its microstructure and properties.
      
An array of complicated structures of the natural products synthesized over the last two years is also listed to serve as a convenient lead to the original literature for the prospective interested readers.
      
This model can serve as a fundamental element of cognitive systems such as perception and associative memory.
      
It is thus tempting to speculate that the Mo isotope signature of sediments may serve as a tracer for the accumulation rate of original organic carbon in the continental margin sediments.
      
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  其他


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著者在本文裹提出了確定结構物安全度的新方法——半或然率法。这个方法以統計学和或然率理論为基礎。它採用了一系列考慮結構具体受力条件的係數,与允許应力法不同。它可以藉助其他在統計学力面研究較好的事故或然率与建築事故或然率相比較的方法,从而使我们有可能將它应用於因缺乏某些統訓資料而不能应用極限狀态法的國家。用这个方法不須要確定一个最低的屈服極限,所以有可能在相应的情况下提高允許应力。因此,作为一个结構物安全度科学方面的新方向,这个方法是值得土木工程師的注意的。

~~

测量实船马力是一个历史悠久的问题,半世纪以来人们先后设计出利用各种原理的扭力仪达数十种之多,本文将迄今为止所见到的扭力仪分门别类,归纳为机械、光、声、电、磁等各种型式,并将其中有代表性的作一有系统的介绍,说明各该仪器的优缺点。本文也指出船舶上使用的扭力仪所必须具备的待点,如结构方面必须坚固,牢靠,耐震,在使用方面必须简便,使一般人员都能操作管理。此外,又着重指出在设计时所必须特别注意的机械装置问题,因为有好几种扭力仪的试造失败,是由于太偏重了拾微器部份,而忽视机械装置所引起的。作为一个实船扭力仪的具体例子,本文介绍了在船模试验所里试造的那一种电感式扭力仪。这套扭力仪是专为船舶工业管理局设计建造的250马力渔船上应用的。

This paper summarizes a study made by the writer and his former colleague, Prof. J. E. Cermak, at the Colorado Agricultural and Mechanical College (1). The problem was first considered intuitively. After dpplyinq the conventional dimensional andlysis, the following expression for the rate of evaporation was obtained: (EX)/(ΔC·υe )=f9 ((U'X)/(υe), (ρo-ρm)/(ρo), (gx)/(U'2), X/X'). (7) As either of gravitation and density gradient alone could have little effect on the mechanism of evaporation, the second and...

This paper summarizes a study made by the writer and his former colleague, Prof. J. E. Cermak, at the Colorado Agricultural and Mechanical College (1). The problem was first considered intuitively. After dpplyinq the conventional dimensional andlysis, the following expression for the rate of evaporation was obtained: (EX)/(ΔC·υe )=f9 ((U'X)/(υe), (ρo-ρm)/(ρo), (gx)/(U'2), X/X'). (7) As either of gravitation and density gradient alone could have little effect on the mechanism of evaporation, the second and third parameters on the righthand side of Eq. (7) were combined. to form a Richardson Number, so that Eq. (7) was reduced to (Ex)/(ΔC·υe) =f10 (R', Ri, X/X'). (8) Similarly, one obtained U/(Uo) = f11 (Rx', Ri, X/X'). (9) Eqs. (8) and (9) were the basic expressions used in the study of the experimental data. A low-speed wind tunnel (fiq. 1) wds used in conducting the experiments. The evaporating surface consisted of a series of porous porcelain plates placed on top of water containers (figs. 2 and 3). Capillary action kept the pldtes moisted as long as water in each container was in contact with the bottom of the plate. Runs were made both with and without the use of artificial means for hastening the onset of turbulent boundary layers. For edch run, a complete set of data were collected. These included the velocity, relative humidity and temperature of the ambient stream, the rates of evaporation for various lengths of the evaporating surface, and finally the velocity, vapor and tempereture profiles at the end of the experimental surface. The experimental range of x'/x was 0.09 to 30 dnd that of the Richardson number was 0.04 to 5.6.

本文摘要介绍了作者在国外时和雪马克(J·E.Cermak)共同进行的研究工作。首先考虑影响本问题的主要因素,应用量纲分析后获得下列蒸发率的表达式 (Ex)/(ΔC·υe)=f9 ((U’X)/(υe),(ρo-ρm)/(ρo),(gx)/(U’~2),X/X’) (7)因为重力或密度梯度作为一个孤立的因素对于蒸发率是没有什么影响的,因此(7)式中右方的第二及第三两项应予组合以李察生数的形式出现。从而得 N=(EX)/(ΔC·υe)=f10 (R’,Ri,x/x’) (8)同理,得 U’/(Uo)=f11(Rx’,Ri,x/x’) (9) 和试验数字比较后,发觉N仅系R’的函数。这表示在本试验研究的范围内边界层的流态,上风陆地的相对长度以及李察生数对于N都无直接的影响(图9及10)。另一值得注意的结果是按照巴斯魁尔的建议修改刹顿的蒸发理论后,可以获得能够代表实验数字的理论曲线(图9,11,及12)。由此可以推论顿的紊动理论和巴斯魁尔的蒸汽交换系数计算法大体上是正确的。这就为紊动交换蒸发问题的未来分析建立了比较巩固的立足点。

 
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