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asd患者
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     Objective To explore the changes of interferon-related developmental regulator 1 (IFRD1) gene mRNA expression in human auricular myocardium of atrial septal defect (ASD) and to analyze the significance of the abnormal IFRD1 gene expression in the etiology and the pathophysiology of ASD.
     目的探讨IFRD1(interferonrelateddevelopmentalregulator1)基因mRNA在房间隔缺损(ASD)患者心房肌组织中表达水平的变化,分析IFRD1基因异常表达在ASD病因及病理生理学中的意义。
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     Methods: MMPI-2s were administered to twenty-nine patients with acute stress disorder (ASD), fourteen patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and forty-four well-adjusted trauma survivors.
     方法:实验组为入院治疗的29名急性应激障碍(ASD)患者及14名创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)患者,对照组为44名适应良好的应激创伤幸存者,在不影响测验症状的情况下完成MMPI-2测试。
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     Objective: To explore the changes of ARL4 gene (ADP-ribosylation faetor-like 4 gene) mRNA expression in human auricular myocardium of atrial septal defect (ASD) and to analyze the relationship between ARL4 gene and the pathophysiology of atrial septal defect.
     目的:探讨房间隔缺损(ASD)患者心房肌组织中ARL4基因的表达变化,分析ARL4基因与ASD病理生理学之间的关系。
短句来源
     Methods:Of the 28 patients,there were 18 cases of patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) and 10 cases of secundum atrial septal defects(ASD).
     方法 :18例动脉导管未闭 (PDA)患者和 10例房间隔缺损 (ASD)患者行Amplatzer封堵器治疗。
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     Objective Tei index assesses the clinical value of right ventricular function before and after operation of patient with atrial septal defect (ASD).
     目的应用Tei指数评价房间隔缺损(ASD)患者手术前后右心室功能的临床价值。
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     The research on superoxide dismutase activity in patients with ASD VSD and MS
     ASD、VSD和MS患者SOD活力的研究
短句来源
     P were analyzed retrospectively.
     P患者的资料。
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     Occluder was firmly fixed without falling of in all patients.
     所有患者ASD封堵器固定牢固,无脱落。
短句来源
     Emphasizing on patient -centred.
     对患者一视同仁;
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     The balloon strectched dia meters of ASD in all patients were not greater than 21 mm.
     3组患者ASD直径 (球囊导管测量值 )均≤ 2 1mm。
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The soil structure was expressed with fractal dimensions of particle size distribution (PSD), aggregate size distribution (ASD), and soil pore size distribution (SPD).
      
Soil infiltration process is influenced comprehensively by soil PSD, ASD, and SPD.
      
Results showed that the fractal dimension of particle size distribution (PSD), the micro-aggregate size distribution (ASD) and the soil pore size distribution (SPD) can be used as the indices to evaluate the soil structure.
      
In the typical stands of Jinyun Mountain, the fractal dimension of PSD is 2.7-2.9, the ASD is 2.5-2.8, and the SPD is 2.3-2.8.
      
The soil structure of evergreen broadleaved shrub forests performed best in PSD, ASD and SPD, and the soil of P.
      
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To assess the value of transthoracic and muItiplane transesophageal echocardio-graphy(TTE and MTEE) for detection of different types of atrial septal defect(ASD) or of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return,TTE and MTEE were oerformed in 27patients with ASD.The 27 patients had a total of 31 defects(including 4 patients with 2 defects).All of 3 cases with prirnum-tpye ASD were diagnosed correctly by both echocardiographic methods.21 patients;howed 25 defects of secundum-type ASD during MTEE:by TTE,0 of the...

To assess the value of transthoracic and muItiplane transesophageal echocardio-graphy(TTE and MTEE) for detection of different types of atrial septal defect(ASD) or of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return,TTE and MTEE were oerformed in 27patients with ASD.The 27 patients had a total of 31 defects(including 4 patients with 2 defects).All of 3 cases with prirnum-tpye ASD were diagnosed correctly by both echocardiographic methods.21 patients;howed 25 defects of secundum-type ASD during MTEE:by TTE,0 of the 1(0%)small defects(diameter<5mm)was detected as compared with 3 of 4(75% defects with a diameter of 5 to 10mm and 19 of 20(95%)defects with a diameter>10mm.A sinus venous-type ASD was evident by MTEE in 3 patients,of which only 1 (33.3%)was demonstrated by TTE.Partial anomalous pulmomary ve-nous return was seen by MTEE in 2 patients but missed in 1 patient in whm anomalous pul-monary venous return was subsequently idendified by stirgery.TTE failed to demonstrated all 3 pa-tientx.Compared with TTE,MTEE is clearly superior in the detection of small secundum-tpye ASD,sinus venou-type ASD,and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return.

为了评价多平面经食管超声心动图(MTEE)定性和定位诊断房间隔缺损(ASD)的价值,我们在27例均由手术证实的ASD患者中进行了经胸超声心动图(TTE)和MTEE的系统研究。其中原发孔型ASD3例,继发孔型ASD21例(其中4例患者具有2个ASD),静脉窦型ASD3例(均合并部分肺静脉畸形引流)。结果显示,3例原发孔型ASD,TTE和MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为100%;21例继发孔型ASD的25个ASD,MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为100%,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为88%,缺损直径≤5mm时,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为0%(0/1),缺损直径5~10mm时,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为75%(3/4);缺损直径>10mm时,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为95%(19/20)。3例静脉窦型ASD,MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为100%,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为33.3%。3条部分肺静脉畸形引流,MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为66.7%,TTE未发现部分肺静脉畸形引流,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为0%。显然对于小型继发孔型ASD、多发性ASD、静脉窦型ASD及合并的部分肺静脉畸形引流,MTEE的诊断价值明显...

为了评价多平面经食管超声心动图(MTEE)定性和定位诊断房间隔缺损(ASD)的价值,我们在27例均由手术证实的ASD患者中进行了经胸超声心动图(TTE)和MTEE的系统研究。其中原发孔型ASD3例,继发孔型ASD21例(其中4例患者具有2个ASD),静脉窦型ASD3例(均合并部分肺静脉畸形引流)。结果显示,3例原发孔型ASD,TTE和MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为100%;21例继发孔型ASD的25个ASD,MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为100%,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为88%,缺损直径≤5mm时,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为0%(0/1),缺损直径5~10mm时,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为75%(3/4);缺损直径>10mm时,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为95%(19/20)。3例静脉窦型ASD,MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为100%,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为33.3%。3条部分肺静脉畸形引流,MTEE与手术的诊断符合率为66.7%,TTE未发现部分肺静脉畸形引流,TTE与手术的诊断符合率为0%。显然对于小型继发孔型ASD、多发性ASD、静脉窦型ASD及合并的部分肺静脉畸形引流,MTEE的诊断价值明显高于TTE?

Abstract To assess the feasibility and reliability of multiplane transesophageal echocadiography (MTEE) in measuring the area of atriai septal defect (ASD),MTEE was performed in 23 cases with ASD.After the longest diameter of ASD was imaged,the phased array was rotated every 10°through a 0°- 180°arc to obtain a complete recording of 18 diameters of ASD. Using a soft ware program and ECG gating,the area of ASD was recontructed and measured at 7 time points of one cardiac cycle.The result showed that all ASD areas...

Abstract To assess the feasibility and reliability of multiplane transesophageal echocadiography (MTEE) in measuring the area of atriai septal defect (ASD),MTEE was performed in 23 cases with ASD.After the longest diameter of ASD was imaged,the phased array was rotated every 10°through a 0°- 180°arc to obtain a complete recording of 18 diameters of ASD. Using a soft ware program and ECG gating,the area of ASD was recontructed and measured at 7 time points of one cardiac cycle.The result showed that all ASD areas measured at 7 time points by MTEE correlated well with that measured at operation (r= 0. 820. 92) and the best correlation obtained was between ASD area measured at the peak of P wave by MTEE and during operation (r=0. 92). Thus,MTEE offers a new and reliable method for measuring ASD area.

为了探讨新型多平面经食管超声心动图(MTEE)测量房间隔缺损(ASD)面积的可行性和可靠性,在23例ASD患者中进行了MTEE检查。利用心电图门控于心动周期的P波顶点、P-R段、R波顶点、J点、T波起点、T波顶点、T波终点等7个时相,以MTEE技术每隔10°扫查角度测量ASD直径,由此绘出心动周期每一时相的ASD图形,并计算其面积,然后与手术测量的ASD面积进行比较。结果显示:(1)ASD面积在心动周期中呈动态改变;(2)MTEE于P波顶点测量的ASD面积与手术测值相关最佳(r=0.92),余心动周期时相MTEE与手术测值亦相关良好(r=0.82~0.88),表明MTEE为ASD面积的测量提供了可靠的新方法。

This article presents 20 cases with atrial septal defect(ASD) diagnosed by color DopplerFlow Imaging(CDFI )and acoustic contrast. All cases were comfirmed by surgery. The re-sults showed that 1)Echo drop out of interatrial septum in 2DE is the direct signs for ASD.2DE could determine the type of ASD and define the size of defect with good correlation tosurgical results(r=0.955,P<0.01).2)CDFI or acoustic contrast could demonstrate a shuntof atrial level CDFI is more sensitive than acoustic contrast for the left...

This article presents 20 cases with atrial septal defect(ASD) diagnosed by color DopplerFlow Imaging(CDFI )and acoustic contrast. All cases were comfirmed by surgery. The re-sults showed that 1)Echo drop out of interatrial septum in 2DE is the direct signs for ASD.2DE could determine the type of ASD and define the size of defect with good correlation tosurgical results(r=0.955,P<0.01).2)CDFI or acoustic contrast could demonstrate a shuntof atrial level CDFI is more sensitive than acoustic contrast for the left to right shunt ofASD. But acoubtic contrast is more sensitive than CDFI for the righ to left shunt.Overloadvolum in right heart is indirect signs.

本文通过经手术证实的20例房间隔缺损(ASD)患者的超声分析,结果表明:1、2DE上房间隔回声失落是ASD的直接证据。2DE能对ASD分类,所测缺损大小与手术对照,相关性良好(r=0.955,P<0.01)。2、造影或CDFI能显示房水平分流。对左向右分流者,CDFI敏感;对右向左分流者,声学造影敏感。3、右心容量负荷过重为ASD间接表现。

 
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