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     This text sets out from three E (Energy, Economic and Environment) current situation of Zhejiang, regards sustainable development as the guidelines to analyse systematically, coordinates final purpose of developing into with three E, get out of and optimize three E system of our province by the way of "double round drive", probe into the problem and break the energy "bottleneck" in Zhejiang, and realize the coordinated development of three E for Zhejiang, reach three goals of energy security, economic growth and environmental protection.
     从浙江省3E(能源、经济和环境)现状出发,以可持续发展为指导思想进行系统地分析,以3E协调发展为最终目的,提出用“双轮驱动”的方法来优化浙江的3E系统,探讨打破浙江3E协调发展能源“瓶颈”的对策,为浙江实现3E的协调发展,达到能源安全、经济增长、环境保护三个目标服务。
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     On the basis status of national resource and materials industry, this paper analyzes the pressure of resources (energy) and environment that the materials industry faced with, and puts forward some means to resolve these problems.
     从我国资源状况以及材料产业的发展现状出发,深入分析了材料产业面临的资源(能源)和环境压力,在此基础上提出了解决这些问题的一些基本原则。
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     A complete expounding of the discovered, assured and prospective coal reserves of the whole province is made on the basis of the latest concise table of reserves of minerals(energy resources of coal and stone coal) and the third time coal resources prognosis data.
     以安徽省最新矿产储量简表(能源矿产煤、石煤)和第三次煤炭资源预测资料为依据,对全省煤炭资源已发现的资源量、现保有资源量及远景预测资源量作了全面论述。
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     But the analysis of the equipments themselves individually is not adequate because the craft process is not a simple project including equipment separately, so we should use the energy theory of three links that they are links of energy conversion and transmission, of the craft use of energy and of energy recovery to give a comprehensive consideration
     因为工艺过程不是各个设备的简单叠加,因此本文应用能源利用三环节的模型理论(能源转换和传输环节、能源的工艺利用环节和能源的回收环节)对萨中提馏装置进行了全面的能分析。
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     U.S. policies toward Nigeria are persistently dominated by three factors: bilateral economic relations (energy, trade and investment), regional security (peacekeeping in West African regions) and political governance (eradiation of corruption, promotion of democratic values and human rights, and consolidation of democratic institutions).
     美国对尼日利亚的政策一贯受 3个核心因素支配 ,即 :双边经济关系 (能源、贸易和投资 )、地区安全 (西非地区维和 )和政治控制 (消除腐败、推进民主价值和人权、强化民主制度 )。
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     ENERGY NEWSLETTER
     能源简讯
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     Vegetative source of energy
     绿色能源
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     The State of Global Energy (Continuation)
     世界能源状况(续)
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  (energy
Finite energy band-limited functions are reconstructed iteratively
      
When, in addition, the Tolimieri-Orr condition A is satisfied, the minimum energy dual windowoγ ε L2(?) can be sampled as well, and the two sampled windows continue to be related by duality and minimality.
      
Finite-energy high frequency signals, band-pass frequency signals, and band-stop frequency signals are characterized.
      
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On Global Finite Energy Solutions of the Camassa-Holm Equation
      
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S_(OMMAIRE).—Dans la premiere partie de ce travail, j'ai recherché une expression de la loi d'assombrissement á la surface d'une atmosphere sphérique, quelle que soit son épaisseur, en fonction des coefficients d'émission et d'absorption. Plus énérale que le polynome habituellement retenu, cette expression appliquée au cas du soleil améliore la representation de l'assombrissement au voisinage du centre du disque solaire. La deuxième partie fair connaitre la modification apportée par la courbure des couches d'une...

S_(OMMAIRE).—Dans la premiere partie de ce travail, j'ai recherché une expression de la loi d'assombrissement á la surface d'une atmosphere sphérique, quelle que soit son épaisseur, en fonction des coefficients d'émission et d'absorption. Plus énérale que le polynome habituellement retenu, cette expression appliquée au cas du soleil améliore la representation de l'assombrissement au voisinage du centre du disque solaire. La deuxième partie fair connaitre la modification apportée par la courbure des couches d'une atmosphère sphérique et par la réfraction des rayons lumineux darts cette atmoèphere sur le rayonnement pros du bord du disque stellaire, dans le cas général et dans le cas de l'atmosphère solaire. Cette modification n'est pas négligeable meme dans le cas du solei, et si l'influence dela réfraction ne peut etre prise en considération que sur des résultats extérimentaux encore à venir, celle de la courburc des couches—phénomène d'origine purement géométrique—doit par contre l'etre, meme avec des résultats extrapolés. l'étudie les conséquences de cette influence sur l'estimation de la température des couches superficielles et des variations de la fonction-source darts ces couches. Dans uric troisième pattie enfin, je fais connaitre les résultats de mesures de la température de couleur du solcil faites à l'Obserwtoire de Lyon par une méthode colorimétrique, et la vérification par une méthode spectrographique de l'existence d'une difference de température de couleur entre les régions équatoriales et polaires, différence raise en évidence par la première méthode.

在這個工作的第一段里,我求得對於任何厚度的球層大氣在表面上昏暗的定律,表为吸收與發射兩種係數的函數。這個公式比通常所用的多項式更要普遍一些,應用到太陽的情形,改進了日輪中心附近昏暗的計算法。第二段因討論到球面的曲率和輻射在這球層內的折射,對於星輪邊綠的影響,听引出的修改,我們討論了一般的情形和對於太陽辐射的特殊情形。這個修改數,即使在太陽的情形,也是不可忽略的,雖然折射的効應,因缺乏實驗的數據,尚难算出,可是球層的曲率的効應(純粹是一個幾何學上的问题),是可以算出的,縱然有時须得使用一些外插。我研究了這個効應對於表面層的溫度和在這些層裹的“能源函數”(fonction-source)的变化所生的影響。最後在第三段里,我舉出在里昂天文台使用的色度學的方法,對於太陽求出的色温度的結果,更用一種光譜法,證明赤道帶和極區有一種色温度的差異的存在,這差異是在第一方法里已經表示明白了的。

Coronary blood flow was measured by N_2O desaturation method in anesthetized dogs. Coronary sinus catheterization was made under fluoroscopic guidance. Myocardial consumptions of oxygen, glucose, lactic acid and pyruvic acid were calculated from the differences between arterial and coronary sinus blood concentrations. This study was designed in paired experiments, and the results were analyzed by t test of individual comparisons. Normal values (mean±s.d.) of 9 dogs were: 143±17 and 8±3 mm Hg for arterial and...

Coronary blood flow was measured by N_2O desaturation method in anesthetized dogs. Coronary sinus catheterization was made under fluoroscopic guidance. Myocardial consumptions of oxygen, glucose, lactic acid and pyruvic acid were calculated from the differences between arterial and coronary sinus blood concentrations. This study was designed in paired experiments, and the results were analyzed by t test of individual comparisons. Normal values (mean±s.d.) of 9 dogs were: 143±17 and 8±3 mm Hg for arterial and coronary sinus pressures, 88±21 ml/100 g myocardium/min for coronary blood flow, 1.7±0.4 mm Hg/ml/100 g myocardium/min for coronary vascular resistance, 18.1±1.9 and 5.6±1.1 vol % for arterial and coronary sinus oxygen contents, 116±24 and 109±20 mg% for arterial and coronary sinus glucose, 24±7 and 16±5 mg % for arterial and coronary sinus lactic acid, and 1.7±0.5 and 0.8±0.3 mg % for arterial and coronary sinus pyruvic acid, respectively. The total alkaloids of the root of R. verticillata were injected i.v. 0.1 mg/kg. The arterial blood pressure was lowered about 25% and restored after 1/2 hour. There was no remarkable alteration in coronary blood flow, but the coronary vascular resistance tended to decrease, which inferred that the coronary vessels had an inclination to dilate. The myocardial consumptions of oxygen, lactic acid and pyruvic acid were higher than that of glucose, indicating that the myocardium gained its energy mainly from the aerobic metabolism of carbohydrates. Following the injection of the alkaloids, the lactate and pyruvate levels in the arterial blood rose significantly. Since the alkaloids increased the left ventricular work but not the oxygen consumption, the mechanical efficiency of myocardium was elevated from 15% for the premedicated heart to 20%. En resume, the total alkaloids have certain effects in dilating coronary vessels, in augmenting the myocardial efficiency, and in enriching its energy supply. Hence the alkaloids exert a beneficial influence on the compensatory capacity of the hypertensive heart.

本文介紹了N_2O減飽和法測定不开胸狗冠脉血流量的方法,并研究了海南島萝芙木根总碱的作用,及其对心肌糖代謝的影响。在X光透視下經靜脉插管至冠状資,从冠状动、靜脉血N_2O減飽和速率之差,計算心肌血流量,并从动、靜脉血氧、糖、乳酸及丙酮酸合量之差,計算心肌的消耗量及利用率。实驗設計采用配对法,进行t測驗个别比較,以分析除去动物个体差异及对照溶剂的影响后萝芙木碱本身的作用。 9只狗之各項正常数值平均数±标准差为:动脉平均压143±17毫米汞柱,冠状竇平均压8±3毫米汞柱,冠脉血流量88±21毫升/100克心肌/分,冠脉阻力1.7±0.4毫米汞柱/毫升/100克心肌/分,动脉血氧合量18.1±1.9容积%,冠状竇血氧含量5.6±1.1容积96,动脉血糖116±24毫克%,冠状竇血糖109±20毫克%,动脉乳酸24±7毫克%,冠状寶乳酸16±5毫克%,动脉丙酮酸1.7±0.5毫克%,冠状竇丙酮酸0.8±0.3毫克%。 靜脉注射萝芙木碱0.1毫克/公斤后,血压立即明显下降約25%,半小时后回升,冠脉血流量变化不显著,冠脉阻力有减低趋势,說明萝芙木碱降压时并不引起冠脉血流减少,冠状血管趋于扩张。心肌对氧、乳酸和丙酮酸的利...

本文介紹了N_2O減飽和法測定不开胸狗冠脉血流量的方法,并研究了海南島萝芙木根总碱的作用,及其对心肌糖代謝的影响。在X光透視下經靜脉插管至冠状資,从冠状动、靜脉血N_2O減飽和速率之差,計算心肌血流量,并从动、靜脉血氧、糖、乳酸及丙酮酸合量之差,計算心肌的消耗量及利用率。实驗設計采用配对法,进行t測驗个别比較,以分析除去动物个体差异及对照溶剂的影响后萝芙木碱本身的作用。 9只狗之各項正常数值平均数±标准差为:动脉平均压143±17毫米汞柱,冠状竇平均压8±3毫米汞柱,冠脉血流量88±21毫升/100克心肌/分,冠脉阻力1.7±0.4毫米汞柱/毫升/100克心肌/分,动脉血氧合量18.1±1.9容积%,冠状竇血氧含量5.6±1.1容积96,动脉血糖116±24毫克%,冠状竇血糖109±20毫克%,动脉乳酸24±7毫克%,冠状寶乳酸16±5毫克%,动脉丙酮酸1.7±0.5毫克%,冠状竇丙酮酸0.8±0.3毫克%。 靜脉注射萝芙木碱0.1毫克/公斤后,血压立即明显下降約25%,半小时后回升,冠脉血流量变化不显著,冠脉阻力有减低趋势,說明萝芙木碱降压时并不引起冠脉血流减少,冠状血管趋于扩张。心肌对氧、乳酸和丙酮酸的利用率很高,而对血糖消耗很少,說明心肌主要从糖的有氧代謝获取能量。靜脉注射萝芙木碱后,动脉血的乳酸及丙酮酸含量均显著增高,因此能增加心脏的能源供应,改善心肌的营养。萝芙木碱能加強左心室作功量,而心肌氧消耗量并未增高,故計算出心肌机械作功率从15%提高到20%。总結本文結果:萝芙木碱在扩张冠状血管、提高心肌作功率及增加心肌能源供应三方面都有一定的作用,因此对高血压心脏的代偿能力的提高是有利的。

In this paper we have computed the values of each term in the energy equation and the energy transfer through the boundaries of the region shown in fig. 1 for the period July 23-26, 1959 in East China. During this period the subtropic high pressure has extended inland to the computed region. It is found that in this period the region under consideration is an energy source from which the heat and water vapour flow outward. Through the southern boundary there is a net inflow of heat and water vapour, but at the...

In this paper we have computed the values of each term in the energy equation and the energy transfer through the boundaries of the region shown in fig. 1 for the period July 23-26, 1959 in East China. During this period the subtropic high pressure has extended inland to the computed region. It is found that in this period the region under consideration is an energy source from which the heat and water vapour flow outward. Through the southern boundary there is a net inflow of heat and water vapour, but at the eastern boundary there is an outflow of heat and water vapour in the lower layer and an inflow in the upper layers. In this region the energy loss was due to the effect of advection and radiation cooling, and the energy supply was due to the flux of sensible and latent heat from the surface, while the changes in heat and water vapour of the air colum played a minor role in the balance. The eddy flux of sensible heat is about 1.84 times that of the latent heat from evaporation.

本文选取1959年7月23—26日4天正当高空副热带高压控制我国大陆时,对我国东部地区计算了能量方程中各项数值,以及各边界上的能量输送。计算表明,这个地区为能源区城,向外输送热量和水汽。至于在东、西、南、北四个边界上输送的情况有很大的差异,南界以输入为主;东界低层为输出,高层为输入。这种输送是由这个地区低空为大陆热低压,高空为副热带高压的环流特点所决定的。在热量输送中,扰动输送比平均输送为重要。在能量平衡中,支出项主要为平流输送和辐射冷却,而收入项主要是由下垫面向上输送感热和水汽潜热,大气本身的热量和水汽含量的变化在能量平衡中作用较小。湍流感热输送约为蒸发潜热输送的1.84倍。

 
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