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岁以上
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  above 20 years old
     The prevalence of population above 20 years old was 1 3021%.
     20岁以上成人患病率为1.3021%,标化患病率为0.9950%。
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     Results Among people above 20 years old in communities, the morbidity rate of obesity is 11.09%, and the standardized morbidity rate is 9.28%.
     结果社区20岁以上人群肥胖粗患病率为11.09%,标化患病率为9.28%,男女患病率差异无显著性。
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     In the population without the vaccination,anti-HAV IgG positive rate increased with age. The positive rate of the population above 20 years old almost exceeded 90%.
     在无甲肝疫苗接种史的人群中,抗-HAVIgG阳性率随年龄而上升,20岁以上人群的阳性率几乎都在90%以上。
短句来源
     Method Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured from 6,381 people aged above 20 years old in five administrative areas in China, by the stratified-multi-steps-cluster sampling method.
     方法采用分层多阶段整群抽样方法对中国五大行政区6381例20岁以上男女人群进行骨密度测量。
短句来源
     Methods Using Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry(DEXA),the bone mineral density was meaured among 2 331 general population aged above 20 years old in part of China by the method of random sampling.
     方法 采用双能X线骨密度仪 ,对中国四地区 2 0岁以上一般人群随机抽样 2 331例进行测量。
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  aged over 20 years old
     METHODS:Totally 2 646 residents of Tianxia community,who had the health record and aged over 20 years old,were investigated,including age,gender,occupation,body mass and family history,through general health survey,family visiting health examination,screening chronic non infectious disease,and measuring blood pressure in those over 20 years old for the first diagnosis,and the results were analyzed statistically.
     方法:选择田厦社区20岁以上已建立个人健康档案的常住居民2646人,通过健康普查,家访体检,慢性病筛查活动及20岁以上人群首诊测血压等方式,开展对年龄、性别、职业、体质量和家族史等因素的调查,进行对照统计学分析。
短句来源
     Methods 3429 subjects aged over 20 years old from 2 neighboring communities were sampled by cluster randamization method and were investigated on their ordinary condition,the risk factors of diabetes and physique check.
     方法 以整群随机抽样方法抽取 2个居委 ,对年满 2 0岁以上的城市常住居民调查一般情况、糖尿病危险因素和体格检查。
短句来源
     Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among permanent residents aged over 20 years old in 1140 households, in 48 villages of Kaifeng County, Henan Province, where a fluorine-lowering water supply program had been implemented and then suspended by random sampling.
     方法在开封县48处改水降氟工程所辖村随机抽取1440户中20岁以上的常住人口进行问卷调查。
短句来源
     The cases were mainly the local one aged over 20 years old,which covered 76.76%. For floating population,children younger than 7 years old were the major cases,which covered 72.73%.
     发病以20岁以上年龄组本地病例为主,占76.76%,流动人口以7岁以下儿童为主,占72.73%。
短句来源
     Methods Serum uric acid (SUA) was measured among 7778 inhabitants aged over 20 years old in 2 communities in Nanjing with the method of stratified cluster sampling.
     方法采用分层整群抽样的方法,对南京市两个社区7778名20岁以上的居民进行了血尿酸普查。
  “20岁以上”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Screening 1603 population aged 20 years and over by 75 g OGTT in Shanghai Pudong showed that the prevalences of IFG, IGT, and IFG plus IGT were 2.60%, 3.24% and 0.75% separately according to old criteria (FPG>6.1 mmol/L as IFG), and 6.25%,2.56%, and 1.43% seprately according to new criteria (FPG>5.6 mmol/L as IFG).
     上海浦东20岁以上人口75gOGTT筛查研究发现,IFG,IGT,IFG合并IGT的患病率,应用FPG>6.1mmol/L诊断IFG的旧标准时分别为2.60%,3.24%,0.75%; 应用FPG>5.6mmol/L诊断IFG的新标准时分别为6.25%,2.56%,1.43%。
短句来源
     Results The positive rate was respectively 89.2% in age group of over 20,84.6% in the age group over 40,17.4% in the myocarditis group,and 6.5% in the coronary arterial disease group.
     结果口服心得安试验,体检20岁以上阳性率为89.2%,40岁以上阳性率为84.6%; 心肌炎阳性率为17.4%,冠心病阳性率为6.5%。
短句来源
     7(17.5%)caseswere11~20yearsofagesand11(27.5%)casesofover20years.
     10岁以下病人22例(55%),11~20岁病人7例(17.5%),20岁以上病人11例(27.5%)。
短句来源
     Results The overall prevalence of cholelithiasis (gallstones plus cholecystectomy) was 10.8% over 20 years old.
     结果 20 岁以上人群中胆石症患病率为10.8%。
短句来源
     Results The average detective rate of Clonorchis sinensis antibodies was 3.92% (17/434),the detective rate of Clonorchis sinensis in residents of fishermen area, cooks and shopkeepers (6.45%,2/31,5.59%,9/161、4.29%,3/70)was obviously higher than that of in the normal control group(0.86%,1/115).
     其中厨师、渔民区 2 0岁以上成人及个体户老板华枝睾吸虫抗体阳性检出率分别为 6 .45 % (2 / 31)、5 .5 9% (9/ 16 1)和 4.2 9% (3/ 70 ) ,明显高于正常对照组 (0 .86 % ,1/ 115 ) ,统计学上差异显著。
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Summary Live weight and body measurements of 3442 calves of both sexes, 925 heifers,and young bulls and 786 cows of Heilungkiang dairy cattle (B. W.) and Heilungkiang steppe cattle (Y. W.), are collected at a state farm at Sartu district dnring 1955-1962. 1. Birth weights of the B. W. and Y. W. were 38.6 and 42.3 kg. for males, 36.7 and 36.5 kg. for females respectively. Lightest calves were born from the first calving (B. W.: ♂ 34.9 and ♀. 30.0 kg.; Y. W.: ♂ 36.0 and ♀.33 kg.). Heaviest calves were born from...

Summary Live weight and body measurements of 3442 calves of both sexes, 925 heifers,and young bulls and 786 cows of Heilungkiang dairy cattle (B. W.) and Heilungkiang steppe cattle (Y. W.), are collected at a state farm at Sartu district dnring 1955-1962. 1. Birth weights of the B. W. and Y. W. were 38.6 and 42.3 kg. for males, 36.7 and 36.5 kg. for females respectively. Lightest calves were born from the first calving (B. W.: ♂ 34.9 and ♀. 30.0 kg.; Y. W.: ♂ 36.0 and ♀.33 kg.). Heaviest calves were born from the 6th calving (B. W.: ♂. 41.5 and ♀ 40.6 kg.; Y. W.:♂ 46.6 and ♀ 38.7 kg.). 2. Greatest relative rate of gain occurred in the 1st month after birth and declined successively throughout the preweaning months. Absolute gain was greatest during the 3-4 months period. Average weaning weight in females were 173.5 kg. for the B. W. and 169.4 kg. for the Y.W. After weaning, their growth rate was slow and growth curve irregular. Average live weight of females at 24 months were heavier for B. W. than Y. W. A reverse picture was found in mature cows of different ages, the Y. W. averaged 570.5 kg. and B. W. only 532.6 kg. at the age of 5 years and over. Live weight at 11 years of age for the Y. W. and 9 years of age for the B. W. were found to be the heaviest. 3. The growth impulse of heart girth was the greatest, body length the next, and the height at withers was the smallest. These results are in agreement with those basic rules obtained by Chervensky, that the growth rate of axial skeleton was greater than peripheraI skeleton. 4. There was a significant correlation between birth weight of heifer calves and weight of mature cows (r= 0.216, P < 0.01). The birth weight and the gains at 1,3 and 6 months of age were also significantly correlated (r=0.399, P < 0.01, r=0.319, P <0.01. r= 0.282 P <0.05 resp.). No significant correlation existed between birth weight and length of dry period and between birth weight and milk yeild in both breeds.

1.黄白花公犢牛初生重大于黑白花公犢牛,前者为42.3公斤,后者为38.6公斤;母犢牛分别为36.5和36.7公斤,公犢均大于母犢。第一胎犢牛初生重为最小,黑白花公、母犢各为34.9和30.0公斤,黄白花为36.1和33.0公斤;第六胎犢牛初生重最大,黑白花公、母犢各为41.5和40.6公斤,黄白花为46.6和38.7公斤。 2.两类牛体重基本上随着年龄的增加而递增,生后1个月时,体重增长强度为最大(45%以上),3、4个月的絕对增重最高。哺乳期內相对生长随着月龄的增加而递减(13%以上)。断乳时体重黑白花与黄白花母牛各为173.5和169.4公斤,以后的增长緩慢, 并出現不規律的曲綫。黑白花母牛24个月龄时体重,超过黄白花牛同时期的体重。成年母牛各年龄体重均以黄白花牛为大,5岁以上平均为570.5公斤,而黑白花牛为532.6公斤,前者最大体重的年龄为11岁,后者在9岁,黄白花牛比黑白花牛成熟似較晚。 3.两类牛生后体尺的增长,在36月龄前随着月龄的增加迅速上升,其中胸围的增长强度为最大,体长次之,而体高为最小,这个結果与契尔文斯基所提出的生后期体軸骨增长速度大于外周骨的基本規律相符合。黑白花母牛...

1.黄白花公犢牛初生重大于黑白花公犢牛,前者为42.3公斤,后者为38.6公斤;母犢牛分别为36.5和36.7公斤,公犢均大于母犢。第一胎犢牛初生重为最小,黑白花公、母犢各为34.9和30.0公斤,黄白花为36.1和33.0公斤;第六胎犢牛初生重最大,黑白花公、母犢各为41.5和40.6公斤,黄白花为46.6和38.7公斤。 2.两类牛体重基本上随着年龄的增加而递增,生后1个月时,体重增长强度为最大(45%以上),3、4个月的絕对增重最高。哺乳期內相对生长随着月龄的增加而递减(13%以上)。断乳时体重黑白花与黄白花母牛各为173.5和169.4公斤,以后的增长緩慢, 并出現不規律的曲綫。黑白花母牛24个月龄时体重,超过黄白花牛同时期的体重。成年母牛各年龄体重均以黄白花牛为大,5岁以上平均为570.5公斤,而黑白花牛为532.6公斤,前者最大体重的年龄为11岁,后者在9岁,黄白花牛比黑白花牛成熟似較晚。 3.两类牛生后体尺的增长,在36月龄前随着月龄的增加迅速上升,其中胸围的增长强度为最大,体长次之,而体高为最小,这个結果与契尔文斯基所提出的生后期体軸骨增长速度大于外周骨的基本規律相符合。黑白花母牛于8岁时体尺增长趋于結束,而黄白花牛概为9岁,前者似較早熟。 4.犢牛初生重大小与母体体重有着显著的相关(γ=0.216,P<0.01);干乳期长短、产乳量多少与犢牛初生重均无相关。初生重大小与1、3、6个月龄增重的相关显著,分別为γ=0.399,P<0.01;γ=0.319,P<0.01;γ=0.282,P<0.05。 5.在低水平飼养条件下,犢牛初生重及其以后各月龄体重均較正常飼养条件下的为低,出現最大初生重的产次为第七产。产乳量多少、干乳期长短与犢牛初生重之间未发現有相关。初生重大小与以后各阶段月龄(1、3、6)增重,同正常飼养条件下一样,有着显著的相关。

Cardiovascular diseases are quite prevalent in China. In many provinces and districts, cardiovascular diseases account for 40-50% of all deaths in recent years. In the prevalence rate of hypertension in adults (above 15 years old ) varies from 2 to 10%.Higher rate is observed in the urban than in the rural population.The northern Chinese people have a higher prevalence rate of hypertension than the southern Chinese. The incidence and mortality rate of stroke among the chine-se are close to those of the Japanese.Stroke...

Cardiovascular diseases are quite prevalent in China. In many provinces and districts, cardiovascular diseases account for 40-50% of all deaths in recent years. In the prevalence rate of hypertension in adults (above 15 years old ) varies from 2 to 10%.Higher rate is observed in the urban than in the rural population.The northern Chinese people have a higher prevalence rate of hypertension than the southern Chinese. The incidence and mortality rate of stroke among the chine-se are close to those of the Japanese.Stroke register figures are available from 5 regions with an incidence rate of 80.3-159.8/100,000 and mortality rate of 48.0-110.9/100, 000.The prevalence rate of coronary heart disease in adults above 35 years is 3-5%.The average mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction from 12 Chinese cities in 1976 was 29.6/100,000, with the higher figures of 51.5/ 100,000 from Tianjin and 45.2/100,000 from Beijing.Cardiovascular community control program ( cccp ) has been established in various provinces and districts in China since 1969.Under the guidance of local heath authorities, specialized medical personnel from medical research institutes collaborated with health workers in the factories and communes to from cccp teams. The cccp in the Shijinshan District of Beijing, covers a population of 200, 000 and 26 cccp units. By the end of 1977, blood pressure survey had been done in 85,850 adults. Another 66,072 persons were surveyed or rechecked in 1978. By the WHO criteria (excluding the "borderline hypertension") the prevalence rate of hypertension was 8.11%. During 1978, 4,894 cases of hypertension were treated with the compound antihypertensive drugs, with good result in 43.8%, fair in 30.0%.During 1978, 69 cases of acute myocardial infarction and 220 new cases of strocke were registered in the region, with mortality rate of 23.4/100,000 and 55.11/100,000 respectively.

作者认为,心血管病在人口死亡原因中已从过去的第3—7位上升到1—2位,约占所有死亡的一半。高血压患病率一般为2—10%,城市高于农村,北方高于南方,近年并有所上升。脑卒中的发病率,死亡率与日本相近,按一定人群登记统计,五个地区的发病率为80.3~159.8/10万,死亡率为48.0—110.9/10万。冠心病的患病率(30—40岁以上)约为3—5%。急性心肌梗塞发病率和死亡率均较欧美为低,1976年卫生统计中,12个死亡率较高的城市,如天津为51.5/10万,北京为45.2/10万。 近10年来,我国心血管病人群防治科研工作得到很大进展,收到很好的防治效果。如北京石景山区建立了包括20万人口的防治区,到1978年底已完成高血压普查,按WHO诊断标准其患病率为8.11%。共治疗管理患者4894例,控制率达73.8%。全区共登记急性心肌梗塞69例,发病率为52.09/10万,死亡率为23.4%,登记脑卒中220例,发病率为166.10/10万,死亡率为55.11/10万。

In 1973 we investigated the blood lipids of 543 normal persons agedover 30 in Chengdu area. From the analysis of electrophoresis and bloodlipids we found 60 cases of asymptomatic liyperlipidemia among thepersons examined. In 1978 the blood lipids of 140 normal persons and44 hyperlipidemic persons out of the 543 persons examined in 1973 fromtwo institutes were measured again. The results showed that the bloodlipids of normal persons were significantly increased after 5 years, andthe blood lipids of persons with...

In 1973 we investigated the blood lipids of 543 normal persons agedover 30 in Chengdu area. From the analysis of electrophoresis and bloodlipids we found 60 cases of asymptomatic liyperlipidemia among thepersons examined. In 1978 the blood lipids of 140 normal persons and44 hyperlipidemic persons out of the 543 persons examined in 1973 fromtwo institutes were measured again. The results showed that the bloodlipids of normal persons were significantly increased after 5 years, andthe blood lipids of persons with hyperlipidemia were remained unchangedin the course of five years. After 5 years, the incidence of hypertrigly-ceridemia in normal persons was 17.9%, and that of hypercholesterolemia10%. During the period of 5 years, the incidence of coronary heartdisease diagnosed by exercise ECG in normal persons was 3.6% and thatin hyperlipidemia 11.1%.

1973年对成都地区543例30岁以上正常人的血脂进行了全面分析,发现无症状高脂血症60例。1978年复查了两个单位的部分对象发现五年后正常人血脂平均含量显著升高,而高脂血症者则无明显改变。五年后正常人中高脂血症的发生率为33.9%,冠心病的发生率为3.6%;高脂血症者中冠心病的发生率为11.1%。

 
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