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  lsca
     Objective To study the radiologic anatomy of the left subclavian artery (LSCA), to clarify the correlation of its anatomic pattern with the age, and ,thus, to improve the correctness and safety of LSCA puncture.
     目的 研究左锁骨下动脉X线解剖 ,了解其形态与年龄的关系 ,提高左锁骨下动脉穿刺的准确性和安全性。
短句来源
     Materials and Methods 150 cases who received percutaneous LSCA port catheter system implantation were randomly selected and, according to the age, divided into Group A (≤35 years, n=45), Group B (>35 and <51 years, n=49) and Group C (≥51 years, n=56).
     材料与方法随机调查 15 0例经锁骨下动脉穿刺药盒植入术的患者 ,按年龄不同分为 :A组 45例 (≤ 3 5岁 ) ,B组 49例 ( <5 1岁 ,>3 5岁 ) ,C组 5 6例 (≥ 5 1岁 )。
短句来源
     Results The LSCA was located in the lower part of the first costal ring in 36 cases of Group A (80%), in the middle part in 40 cases of Group B (82%) and in the upper part in 48 cases of Group C (85%). The difference in the location between three groups was statistically significant.
     结果  15 0例患者的左锁骨下动脉路径布满第 1肋圈 ,A组有 3 6例分布在下 1/3 ( 3 6/4 5 ,80 % ) ,B组 40例分布在中 1/3 ( 4 0 /4 9,82 % ) ,C组 48例分布在第 1肋圈上 1/3 ( 4 8/5 6,85 % ) ,3组间差异有显著性意义。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the methodology of fluoroscopically guided left subclavian artery (LSCA) puncture and to evaluate its safety and feasibility.
     目的 探讨在X线引导下行左锁骨下动脉 (LSCA)穿刺的方法 ,并评价其可行性和安全性。
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  “下动脉”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Clinical Significance of the Fundus Ventricule Branches from Left Inferior Phrenic Artery
     左膈下动脉胃底支及其临床意义
短句来源
     An Applied Anatomical Study on the Selective Arteriography of Inferior Phrenic Artery and Suprarenal Artery
     选择性膈下动脉和肾上腺上动脉造影的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     Staining of Parathyroid Glands with Injection of Methylene Blue into Inferior Thyroid Artery
     经甲状腺下动脉染色识别甲状旁腺
短句来源
     Clinical Anatomy and Application of Ligating Inferior Vesical Artery during Prostatectomy
     结扎膀胱下动脉前列腺摘除术的外科解剖和临床应用
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     Applied Anatomy on Selective Catheterization of Superior and Inferior Mesenteric Artery
     选择性肠系膜上、下动脉插管的应用解剖
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  相似匹配句对
     OBSERVATIONS ON THE INFERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY AND ITS BRANCHES
     肠系膜动脉及其分枝的观察
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     The teaching methods of collar-bone artery branch
     谈锁骨动脉分支的教法
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     coma
     昏迷()
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     ARTERIES OF PANCREAS
     胰的动脉
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     百科全书()
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  lsca
Laser emission at 1077?nm (4F3/2→4I11/2) was demonstrated in Nd3+-doped low silica content calcium aluminosilicate (LSCA) glass under 810-nm pumping by a Ti:sapphire laser.
      
Thermal and mechanical properties of the LSCA glass were compared to the ED-2 and LHG-8 glasses.
      
While the mechanical properties of the LSCA glass are superior to those of the commercial glasses, its temperature coefficient of optical path length is the highest among the three hosts.
      
Another important consideration is the distance from the intimal entry to the orifice of the LSCA.
      
In a network using LSCA r is the radio range of beacon R_b.
      
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The subclavian artery of 122 Chinese children(male 54,female 68 with abody length of 50—120cm) was studied.It was found that branches arisingdirectly from the subclavian artery were 3 to 6 in number,among which the4-branch type was comparatively more than the other types(39.3%).These branches consisted of the vertebral,the thyro-cervical trunk,thecosto-cervical trunk and the internal mammary artery.The thyro-cervical trunkwas composed of the inferior thyroid,the ascending cervical,the suprascapularand the transverse...

The subclavian artery of 122 Chinese children(male 54,female 68 with abody length of 50—120cm) was studied.It was found that branches arisingdirectly from the subclavian artery were 3 to 6 in number,among which the4-branch type was comparatively more than the other types(39.3%).These branches consisted of the vertebral,the thyro-cervical trunk,thecosto-cervical trunk and the internal mammary artery.The thyro-cervical trunkwas composed of the inferior thyroid,the ascending cervical,the suprascapularand the transverse scapular artery.The transverse cervical artery arose morefrequently from the thyro-cervical trunk(total 66.0%;45.5% independently,20.5% together with the suprascapular artery)than as a direct branch of thesubclavian artery(total 33.6%;29.1% independently,4.5% together with thesuprascapular artery).This observation on the transverse cervical artery coinsides with the des-cription of the English authors but does not agree with that of current text-books in which it is stated that the transverse cervical artery arises directlyfrom the subclavian artery.In about 1/3 of the cases(31.1%) branching was symmetrical whereas inabout 2/3 of the cases(68.9%) it was asymmetrical.

1.锁骨下动脉,左侧起于主动脉弓的非常固定,右侧起于头臂干的时有变异,较常见的是成为主动脉弓的第四枝向右过脊柱与食管之间而后经路与一般的相同,这种变异本材料中有3.3±1.6%。血管周径右侧粗的居多。2.锁骨下动脉分枝,个体差异很大,分枝数变动于3—6枝之间,本材料中以四个独立枝的居多为总数的39.3±3.1%,四枝中含有椎动脉、甲状颈干、胸廓内动脉、肋颈干等四个独立枝,而甲状颈干由甲状腺下、颈升、颈浅、肩胛上、颈横等五枝组成的为代表型,为总数的32.7±3.0%。3.锁骨下动脉分枝类型在个体上的分布,变动性很大,有31.1±4.1%是对称型,有68.9±4.1%是不对称型,对称型中以第Ⅱ型之第1分型为多,居总数的16.4±3.3%,不对称中以左侧Ⅱ型右侧Ⅲ型的较多见,为总数的10.6±2.7%,其次是左侧Ⅲ型右侧Ⅱ型的为总数的9.0±2.5%。4.椎动脉两侧起于锁骨下动脉的居多,占总数的92.2±1.7%,左侧椎动脉直接起于主动脉弓的也较常见,本材料中有5.7±1.4%。血管周径两侧等粗的较多,为42.7±3.4%,右侧粗的较少为17.6±3.6%,本动脉向上...

1.锁骨下动脉,左侧起于主动脉弓的非常固定,右侧起于头臂干的时有变异,较常见的是成为主动脉弓的第四枝向右过脊柱与食管之间而后经路与一般的相同,这种变异本材料中有3.3±1.6%。血管周径右侧粗的居多。2.锁骨下动脉分枝,个体差异很大,分枝数变动于3—6枝之间,本材料中以四个独立枝的居多为总数的39.3±3.1%,四枝中含有椎动脉、甲状颈干、胸廓内动脉、肋颈干等四个独立枝,而甲状颈干由甲状腺下、颈升、颈浅、肩胛上、颈横等五枝组成的为代表型,为总数的32.7±3.0%。3.锁骨下动脉分枝类型在个体上的分布,变动性很大,有31.1±4.1%是对称型,有68.9±4.1%是不对称型,对称型中以第Ⅱ型之第1分型为多,居总数的16.4±3.3%,不对称中以左侧Ⅱ型右侧Ⅲ型的较多见,为总数的10.6±2.7%,其次是左侧Ⅲ型右侧Ⅱ型的为总数的9.0±2.5%。4.椎动脉两侧起于锁骨下动脉的居多,占总数的92.2±1.7%,左侧椎动脉直接起于主动脉弓的也较常见,本材料中有5.7±1.4%。血管周径两侧等粗的较多,为42.7±3.4%,右侧粗的较少为17.6±3.6%,本动脉向上进入第六颈椎横突孔的为最多,占总数的82.4±2.5%,尚有10.2±2.1%进入第五颈椎横突孔。5.胸廓内动脉,独立由锁骨下动脉起始的占82.4±2.4%共同干中以与甲状颈干同干的为多,占11.0±2.0%,与肩胛上同干的5.7±1.5%,起点居前斜角肌内侧的为98.8±0.6%,位于后方及外侧的较少。6.甲状腺下动脉由甲状颈干起始的非常固定,为94.3±1.4%,有少数起于锁骨下动脉或椎动脉,本动脉有时完全缺如,或特别细弱而不能达及腺体,此时主要由甲状腺最下动脉或本侧甲状腺上动脉代替之。7.颈升动脉的起始,变动性大,有41.0±3.1%起于甲状颈干,有29.1±2.9%起于颈横动脉,15.1±2.2%起于甲状颈干,有8.6±1.7%起颈浅动脉,4.5±1.3%起于肩胛上动脉,少数有双枝存在。8.肩胛上动脉的起始,变动性较大,有37.7±3.1%起于甲状颈干,有30.8±2.9%起于锁骨下动脉。20.5±2.5%与颈横动脉同干起于甲状颈干,还有的起于胸廓内或与颈横动脉同干起自锁骨下动脉的。起点位于前斜角肌内侧的居多,有60.6±3.1%,居后方的较少见,由前斜角肌内侧起始的都过臂丛神经的浅面,反之则穿过或过臂神经丛的下方。9.颈横动脉的起始,各国人间的差异很大,本材料中以起自甲状颈干的为多,占45.5±3.1%,起自锁骨下动脉的有29.1±2.9%,与肩胛上动脉同干起于甲状颈干的20.5± 2.5%,还有的与肩胛上同干起自锁骨下动脉或起胸廓内动脉的。起点居前斜角肌内侧的篇多。10.颈浅动脉由颈横动脉起始的67.2±3.0%,由甲状颈干起始的27.0±2.8%,还有的起于肩胛上动脉或锁骨下动脉。11.肋颈干是锁骨下动脉分枝中非常固定的一枝,本材料中有90.9±1.8%,有少数颈深动脉与最上肋间动脉不成干而独立起始的,肋颈干两侧起点左侧位第一段的有81.1±3.5%,右侧位第二段的有93.5±2.2%,颈深动脉多过第一肋骨上面而最上肋间动脉多过第一肋骨前面分布,仅有少数过肋骨下面或后面的,其分布区域以第一、二肋间隙的为最多见。综合观察材料中,除椎动脉起于锁骨下动脉右侧较多见,(其侧差12.3±3.5%),及胸廓内动脉起始于锁骨下动脉者右侧多于左侧者(侧差18.8±4.7%)外,其它部分男女性差及左右侧差均不显著。

The types of origin of the inferior phrenic artery in 220 sides of 110 cada- vers were observed and analysed. The origin of this artery shows the following 6 types: Type Ⅰ: As a branch of the coeliac artery (51.36±3.4%). Type Ⅱ: Directly from the abdominal aorta (36.36±3.2%). Type Ⅲ: From the renal artery (8.18±1.8%). Type Ⅳ, Ⅴ, Ⅵ: As a branch of the left gastric, common hepatic or su- perior mesenteric artery. They comprise 4.09±1.3% of the cases. Regarding the manner of the origin of the inferior phrenic...

The types of origin of the inferior phrenic artery in 220 sides of 110 cada- vers were observed and analysed. The origin of this artery shows the following 6 types: Type Ⅰ: As a branch of the coeliac artery (51.36±3.4%). Type Ⅱ: Directly from the abdominal aorta (36.36±3.2%). Type Ⅲ: From the renal artery (8.18±1.8%). Type Ⅳ, Ⅴ, Ⅵ: As a branch of the left gastric, common hepatic or su- perior mesenteric artery. They comprise 4.09±1.3% of the cases. Regarding the manner of the origin of the inferior phrenic artery on the two sides, the following types are found: Type Ⅰ: Both sides arise symmetrically from the same origin (coeliac, aorta or renal artery) in 30.00±4.5%. Type Ⅱ: Both sides originate by a common stem (from coeliac or aorta) in 23.63±4.0%. Type Ⅲ: Both sides arise from different origins in 46.37±4.6%.

1.作者解剖了110具尸体,观察220例膈下动脉的起始动脉,计分为6型: 第Ⅰ型:膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,占51.36±3.4%。第Ⅱ型:膈下动脉起于腹主动脉的,占36.36±3.2%。第Ⅲ型:膈下动脉起于肾动脉的,占8.18±1.8%。第Ⅳ型:膈下动脉起于胃左动脉的,占2.27±1.0%。第Ⅴ型:膈下动脉起于肝总动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。第Ⅵ型:膈下动脉起于肠系膜上动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。2.在此220例中,作者观察国人膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,远超过起于腹主动脉,与 Adachi 及 Pick 和 Anson等人的研究结果一致,与 Quain、Lipshutz等人的结果及一般教科书中的记载相反。 3.在此110具尸体中,作者观察比较了左右侧膈下动脉的起始动脉配布,可分为下列三型: 第Ⅰ型:左右侧膈下动脉对称的分别起于同一个动脉,共占30.00±4.5%;以起于腹腔动脉的占多,为18.18±3.6%;次为起于腹主动脉的,占10.91±2.9%;又0.91±0.89%起于肾动脉。...

1.作者解剖了110具尸体,观察220例膈下动脉的起始动脉,计分为6型: 第Ⅰ型:膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,占51.36±3.4%。第Ⅱ型:膈下动脉起于腹主动脉的,占36.36±3.2%。第Ⅲ型:膈下动脉起于肾动脉的,占8.18±1.8%。第Ⅳ型:膈下动脉起于胃左动脉的,占2.27±1.0%。第Ⅴ型:膈下动脉起于肝总动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。第Ⅵ型:膈下动脉起于肠系膜上动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。2.在此220例中,作者观察国人膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,远超过起于腹主动脉,与 Adachi 及 Pick 和 Anson等人的研究结果一致,与 Quain、Lipshutz等人的结果及一般教科书中的记载相反。 3.在此110具尸体中,作者观察比较了左右侧膈下动脉的起始动脉配布,可分为下列三型: 第Ⅰ型:左右侧膈下动脉对称的分别起于同一个动脉,共占30.00±4.5%;以起于腹腔动脉的占多,为18.18±3.6%;次为起于腹主动脉的,占10.91±2.9%;又0.91±0.89%起于肾动脉。第Ⅱ型:左右侧膈下动脉共一总干起始,也是对称的,共占23.63±4.0%,以起于腹腔动脉的为最多,占16.36±3.6%;次为起于腹主动脉,占7.27±2.4%。第Ⅲ型:左右侧膈下动脉所起始的动脉不相同,共占46.37±4.6%。以左侧膈下动脉起于腹主动脉,右侧膈下动脉起自腹腔、右肾、胃左、肝总及肠系膜上动脉的占多,共占23.64±4.0%;次为右膈下动脉起自腹主动脉,左膈下动脉起自腹腔或胃左动脉,占12.72±3.1%;再次是左膈下动脉起自腹腔动脉,右膈下动脉起自右肾、胃左、肝总、和肠系膜上动脉,占8.18±2.6%;另有1.81±1.2%右膈下动脉起自腹腔动脉,左膈下动脉起自左肾动脉;其百分率最低。

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk...

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk may arise from any one of the three parts,on the left side more often from the second or middle part (62.5%) and on the right side more often from the first part (73.3%);the transverse cervical artery may also arise from any one of the three parts,more often from the first part (64.66%),as a branch of the thyro-cervical trunk. 18 types Were observed in the pattern of branching of the thyro-cervical trunk.Type Ⅰ with the artery divided into the inferior thyroid artery,ascending cervical artery,superficial cer- vical artery and suprascapular artery and type Ⅱ into inferior thyroid ascending cervical,transverse cervical and suprascapular artery occurred more often than other types (type Ⅰ 18.00% and type Ⅱ 26.00% respectively). The supra-scapular artery arising from the thyro-cervical trunk or from the internal mammary artery in most cases passes above the suprascapular ligament;that arising from the third part of the subclavian artery or from the axillary artery in most cases passes below the ligament. On the left side the inferior thyroid artery more often passes in the front of the inferior laryngeol nerve,on the right side it passes in front and behind the nerve in almost equal num- bers.

根据90例(男:76例,女:14例)尸体锁骨下动脉及其部分分支之统计,有以下之初步结果:1.锁骨下动脉于颈部,高出锁骨上缘之平均距离为2.19厘米,及该点(锁骨上缘之点)至胸锁关节之距离平均长度为2.18厘米。2.锁骨下动脉移行为腋动脉时,并非在锁骨之中点通过,而在其中点之内侧平均距离为1.05厘米处通过。3.椎动脉、甲状颈干及胸廓内动脉(1例除外)均由锁骨下动脉之第一段发出;肋颈干在三段中均可发出,但左侧以第二段,右侧以第一段为多;颈横动脉同样可由三段中发出,但以第一段发出者为多见。4.甲状颈干分支类型共计18型,以第一、二型最多,应为标准型。5.肩胛上动脉起于甲状颈干或胸廓内动脉者,多在肩胛上韧带之上经过;起于锁骨下动脉第三段或腋动脉者,多在韧带之下经过。6.甲状腺下动脉行经喉下神经之前方者较后方为多,以左侧为甚,右侧前后之出现率几相等。

 
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