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  an early
     Results The U41 protein was expressed as an early protein in the HHV 7 infected cells and localized only in the nuclei of infected cells.
     在分别加入CHX(cycloheximide)和PFA(phosphomo formicacid)作为蛋白合成和核酸合成抑制剂感染细胞中 ,U4 1的表达时相检测结果显示U4 1蛋白在HHV 7感染细胞中是一早期表达蛋白。
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     Results:The U41 protein was expressed as an early protein in the HHV-7 infected cells and localized only in the nuclei of infected cells.
     在分别加入CHX(cycloheximide)和PFA(phosphomoformicacid)作为蛋白合成和核酸合成抑制剂感染细胞中 ,U4 1的表达时相检测结果显示U4 1蛋白在HHV - 7感染细胞中是一早期表达蛋白。
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     Deregulation of cell cycle is an early event in breast cancer,which occur s in G 1 stage involving cyclinD1and p16.CyclinD1protein expressio n and gene amplification are found in normal breast tissue?
     细胞周期的失调控在乳腺癌中是一早期事件,涉及细胞周期素CyclinD1和p16的G1期在大多数乳腺癌中出现异常。
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     Alteration of expression levels of c-erbB-2 and DPC4 may be an early stage molecular event during the course of malignant change of mucosal epithelium caused by chronic colonic schistosomiasis.
     慢性日本血吸虫病引起黏膜上皮恶变时,c-erbB-2,DPC 4表达水平的改变可能是一早期分子事件。
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     Conclusion Aberrant promoter hypermethylation is one of the mechanisms for inactivation of DBCCRl gene and an early event in bladder transitional cell carcinoma.
     结论DBCCR1基因启动子异常高甲基化是其失活的主要机制之一,也是膀胱移行细胞癌中一早期事件。
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  “一早期”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Conclucion 1. The mutations of P53 gene and K-ras gene are early events in UCACRC.
     结论.P53、K-ras基因突变、MSI在UCACRC的发生发展过程中是一早期事件。
     The two cases with atypical hyperplasia were infected by HPV11/16, and the recurrence case by HPV11/18. Conclusion: Our study showed that HPV plays an etiologic role in the development of IPs, HPV16 and HPV18 probably relate to their recurrence and malignant transformation.
     其中2例非典型增生的病例为HPV11/16感染,1例复发病例为HPV11/18型感染。 结论:HPV感染在鼻内翻性乳头状瘤的发生发展中具有重要地位,而且可能为一早期事件,HPV16、18型与鼻内翻性乳头状瘤的复发及癌变有关。
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     Machinery-electric coupling field and its singularity of electrically permeable cracks for piezoelcetric materials are stu- died using complex function method and considering electric field strength and electric displacement inside elliptical inclusion as constants, namely early research results, for the failure or unsta- bility of piezoelectric devices caused by material defects.
     用复变函数方法,结合椭圆形夹杂内的电场强度和电位移为常量这一早期研究结果,研究了压电材料平面电渗透裂纹的机电耦合场及其奇异性。
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     The abnormal expression of PTEN together with the enhanced expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 may play important roles in LSCC infiltrating and metastasis, which may b e potential markers of theinvasive behavior of LSCC. 〔
     结论 MMP 2、MMP 9表达增强及PTEN表达减弱对喉鳞癌的浸润转移起促进作用且相互协同 ,是喉鳞癌侵袭的重要标志物 ,其中PTEN异常是一早期事件。
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     To enhance the characteristics of transducer and energy-transfered device made of piezoelectric materials,machinery-electric coupling field and its singularity of electrically permeable cracks for piezoelcetric materials are studied using complex function method and considering electric field strength and electric displacement inside elliptical inclusion as constants,namely early research results,for the failure or unstability of piezoelectric devices caused by material defects.
     为提高压电传感器和换能器的品质 ,针对材料缺陷导致的压电元器件失效或不稳定 ,用复变函数的方法 ,结合椭圆形夹杂内的电场强度和电位移为常量这一早期研究结果 ,研究了压电材料平面电渗透裂纹的机电耦合场及其奇异性。
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     一.
     .
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     L-1;
     L’.
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     One is the influence of the way in which early state arised .
     是中国早期国家产生方式的影响。
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     FCLA assisted Photo-Dynamic Diagnosis
     种新的肿瘤早期诊断方法
     Early Osteoporosis
     早期骨质疏松
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  an early
On the basis of an extension for an early result of Khintchine, the class of asymptotic distributions of the standardized Ψ-sums for a class of distributions is obtained in this paper.
      
An early age of onset, pancolitis, low hemoglobin and serum albumin levels, and the need for intravenous steroids tended to be associated with the need for surgery.
      
This procedure resulted in a nearly total polysaccharide hydrolysis and accumulation of up to 170 g/l glucose and 20 g/l xylose.
      
This allows the determination of cysteine proteinase activities (pH optima of 3.0, 3.6, and 8.6) to be recommended as a biochemical test for an early prediction of potential productivity of silkworm breeds.
      
The role of Cl- transport across the plasma membrane was studied in an early step of pollen grain germination in tobacco Nicotiana tabacum L.
      
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The present paper deals with a new antiarch——Procondylolepis qujingensis gen.et sp.nov.The specimens,including some detached shoulder joints,several pectoralfins and a few isolated pectoral fin plates were collected from the Lower Devonianof Cuifengshan,Qujing,Yunnan in the past few years.Associated with this antiarchare Yunnanolepis parvus and Phymolepis cuifengshanensis etc.The new genus is char-acterized by the presence of a primitive brachial process at the base of axillary fossa,by its rather complicated...

The present paper deals with a new antiarch——Procondylolepis qujingensis gen.et sp.nov.The specimens,including some detached shoulder joints,several pectoralfins and a few isolated pectoral fin plates were collected from the Lower Devonianof Cuifengshan,Qujing,Yunnan in the past few years.Associated with this antiarchare Yunnanolepis parvus and Phymolepis cuifengshanensis etc.The new genus is char-acterized by the presence of a primitive brachial process at the base of axillary fossa,by its rather complicated axillary fossa margin and its small articular area of pec-toral fin.It differs from Yunnanolepis and Phymolepis in having a V-shaped bonyplate representing an early stage of brachial process at the base of axillary fossa,inhaving the separate dorsal and ventral fossae which are articulated with pectoral finat margin of axillary fossa,and in presence of a quite smooth articulated surfaceat the medial margin of the axillary fossa.The pectoral fin is small,short unjointed,made up of four longitudinal series ofplates,and basically similar to that of Remigolepis of Late Devonian in pattern.Thenew form.however,differs distinctly from Remigolepis in some significant morphologicalcharacters:absence of a helmetlike brachial process;having a very small and convexarticular area of pectoral fin articulated with shoulder girdle;thick lateral and flatmedial margin of pectoral fin,which might imply the difference of motive means.Itis very significant for understanding the development of the shoulder girdle and pec-toral fin in various evolutionary stages and the changes in their evolutionary history,as the Antiarchi is considered to be one of the highly specialized form among the ver-tebrates in regards of its shoulder girdle and pectoral fin.The discovery of Procondylolepis(gen.nov.)has provided new evidences for thestudy of the origin,evolution and classification of Antiarchi.On the basis of characters of the shoulder joint and pectoral fin of Procondylo-lepis,it leads to the following conclusions:1.The pectoral fin armour appeared earlier than brachial process in the evolu-tionary history of the Antiarchi.2.Procondylolepis gen.nov.is a transitional form representing a stage of An-tiarchi evolution which intermediated between the non-brachial process form,as Yun-nanolepiformes in the Early Devonian and the brachial process form,as those in theMiddle and Late Devonian ages. 3.Among the so far known antiarchs of Early Devonian,the shoulder girdle ofProcondylolepis gen.nov.is close mostly to those of ancestoral antiarchs of Middleand Late Devonian morphologically.All the known antiarchs of Middle and LateDevonian may be descended from some forms related to Procondylolepis.4.The unjointed pectoral fin of antiarchs is a primitive characteristic.thedorsal articular plate of the antiarchs known from Middle and Late Devonian whichhas long been thought to be the first dorsal central plate(Cd_1)should be the firstlateral marginal plate(Ml_1).5.The motion pattern of the pectoral fin in Procondylolepis gen.nov.is differentfrom those of antiarchs of Middle and Late Devonian.6.Antiarchi is suggested to be classified into two Superorder,Abrachicondyliaand Brachicondylia.Procondylolepiformes(ord.nov.)is proposed under the Brachi-condylia.

本文记述的曲靖始突鱼(Procondylolepis qujingensis gen.et sp.nov.)是近几年在云南曲靖早泥盆世地层中发现的有肢突胴甲鱼一原始类型。它和已知胴甲鱼(包括早泥盆世无肢突的和中、晚泥盆世有“盔”状肢突的)不同的最大特点是在其肩带与胸鳍相接的肩关节处有原始的肢突和简单的关节窝;胸鳍甲近端的关节区很小。它展现出胴甲鱼类这一高度特化、长期使人迷惑不解的肢突,在胴甲鱼演化史上发展变化的梗概,填补了肢突从无到有中间的缺环,使人了解到胸鳍的具体结构。文中主要根据肢突的有无和特化程度等,对胴甲鱼早期演化史作了初步探讨,将胴甲鱼分为无肢突超目(Abrachicondylia)和有肢突超目(Brachicondylia)两大部分。始突鱼则代表有肢突超目一早期成员。

This part(Ⅱ) of the paper(part Ⅰ, see vol. Ⅴ, no 1, 37--70, 1985)has dealt with the following species, which have been thought to be thebotanical onigins of the traditional Chinese nedicine "Qinpi" ChineseDrug: (criex Fraxini). They were misinterpreted in the past, especiallytheir Latin name have been in confusion for a long time. (1) Fraxius meaioinalis S. S. Sun, sp. nov. The new species were formerly labeled as Fraxinus chinensis var. acuminataLingelsh., even were wrongly regarded as Fraxinus chinensis var....

This part(Ⅱ) of the paper(part Ⅰ, see vol. Ⅴ, no 1, 37--70, 1985)has dealt with the following species, which have been thought to be thebotanical onigins of the traditional Chinese nedicine "Qinpi" ChineseDrug: (criex Fraxini). They were misinterpreted in the past, especiallytheir Latin name have been in confusion for a long time. (1) Fraxius meaioinalis S. S. Sun, sp. nov. The new species were formerly labeled as Fraxinus chinensis var. acuminataLingelsh., even were wrongly regarded as Fraxinus chinensis var. rhynchophy-lla Hemsl. or Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance. It is mainly distributed in Shaanxi (陕西) and Gansu. (甘隶) A. Lingelsheim (1920) improperly established the variety -- Fraxinuschinensis var. acuminata Lingelsh., but I bave found that its syntype shouldbe separated at least into three parts: cited specimens from Japan may beFraxinus longicusfis S. & Z.; cited ones from Kansu (viz. Gansu)and Schensi(viz. Shaanxi) may well be the new species; yet cited ones from Hupeh,Kanton, etc. need further researching. It is ifferent from Fraxicus chinen. is Roxb. in that flower is polygamo-dioecious; calyx in pistillate or hermaphrodite is obconic or broad-campa-nulate with irregularly lobes; style shorter; stigma bifid or capitate; espe-cially the length of samara's upper wing always longer than the length ofthe seed part; its leaflets apex always acuminate or attenuate, rarerostrate. It is distinct from F. obovata Bl. to be mentioned below (viz. Fraxinuschinen is var. rhynchophylla Hemsl. or F. rhynchophylla Hance) Its leafletsare fairly minor ca 5--6 cm long, 2--4 cm late, especially along the midriband veins beneath always bear white fine hair, without any dense brownishvillose like the later. The perules of the terminal bud are thiner than thatof the later. It must be pointed out that the new species is not coincident with Fra-xinus caudata J. L. Wu (1982), because Wu's name refer to Fraxinus chinensis var. acuminata Lingelsh., but the new species in this paper merely refer tothe part distributed in Gansu and Shaanxi. Besides, Wu's name unwittin-gly involved the type of Fraxinus szaboana Lingelsh (1907), so has become asuperflous name of the latter, hence should be rejected by current ICBN. (2) Fraxinus obovata Bl.(sensu lato) The older name has been overlooked and misinterpreted for a long time.As far as its protologue (original description) is concerned, the speciesappears to be quite puzzling (cf. Blume 1850). A. Lingelsheim once said:"the flowers of this species are unknown and has never been seen sinceBlume described it". He took it as "Species non Satis Congnitae", and thendisposed of it as "Species excludendae". However, I have by chance found that some root suckers (surculus),which is sprouted from a block of the stump, much similar to the typefeatures of Fraxinus obovata Bl. which was showed in the publication ofNakai et Koidzumi (1927) fig. 193 (the duplication of that photo is pl.Ⅲ in this paper). The appearance immediately appealed to me, so I managedto investigate on the habit, habitat, morphological change and differentia-tion within species. It has been confirmed that those root suckers (surculus)turned out to be Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance. Although the epithet "obovata" based on such especial appearence seemsto be improper for the species, the older Latin name Fraxinus obovata Bl. isstill legitimate. On account of priority in nomenclature, the name Fraxinusobovata Bl. must be taken into use again. From the point of view of nomenclatural stability, I had hoped Imight be albe to dispose of the older name as "ncm. rejioienda" or "nom. du-bium". Unfo-tunately by ICBN Art. 69--1, a specific name can only be reje-cted if it has been widely and persistantly used for a taxon or taxa notincluding its type. Nevertheless, I should like to uphold Dr. P. S. Green'sproposal: "The next International Botanical Congress will incorporateinto the Code of Nomenclature, for such overlooked names, the simple ex-pedient of nomina specifica rejicienda". Acording to the study in field work over large district and in her

本文着重对中药材“秦皮”的原植物(6个种)进行详细考证,以澄清在分类、鉴定和命名上的混乱(异名63个),并对其形态变异、地理分布和经济用途等进行论述。其中,尖叶梣(新种)是陕西秦皮的主流原植物,曾被长期误定为白蜡树Fraxinus chinensis Roxb.的变种,大叶梣(花曲柳)是个广布多型种(日本的“”为一亚种),它是东北秦皮的主流原植物,其正确学名为Fraxinus obovata Bl.(s.l.),但这一早期合法名的模式竟然是它根际萌枝的幼叶。其次,秦岭梣和柳叶梣(宿柱白蜡树)也是秦岭一带所产秦皮的原植物。上述白蜡树是栽培种(放养白蜡虫,生产白蜡),但国内许多其他野生种的标本常被误定为白蜡树,它的枝皮可代作秦皮。小叶梣分布局限,其枝皮可作“秦皮”,但商品药材少见。此外,洋白蜡树不药用,伪品秦皮主要是核桃楸皮,本文不涉及。

The blood trace element of 72 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis and b6 cases of lung cancer were researched. It was found that the Ni, Cd, Ph, Sr, and Ca contents of lung cancer is higher than one of pulmonary tuberculosis. This results can be used for early identification and treatment of these two diseases.

选取肇庆市第一人民医院传染病区和肿瘤病区的住院病人全血微量元素观察.结核组72例,肺癌组65例.从14种微量元素观察结果中作统计学处理,发现肺癌病人的3种有害元素N1,Cd,Pb对的含量高于肺结核,而Sr与常量元素Ca的含量亦明显高于肺结核。本文认为在肺结核与肺癌的鉴别诊断上能利用微量元素结果的差异提供一早期鉴别诊断途径.同时提示肺结核病人在治疗时应注意补充钙.

 
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