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乳腺癌卵巢癌
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  breast and ovarian cancer
     Clinical analysis of 91 cases of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer
     遗传性乳腺癌卵巢癌91例临床分析
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  “乳腺癌卵巢癌”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of ovarian cancer in hereditary breast/ovarian cancer.
     目的 探讨遗传性乳腺癌卵巢癌(HBOC)患者所患卵巢癌的临床特点。
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  相似匹配句对
     Mortality of Breast Cancer and Ovarian Cancer in Japan
     日本乳腺癌卵巢癌死亡率的特点
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     Study of BRCAl in hereditary breast and ovarian cancerEpithelial ovarian cancer causes the highest mortality of all gynecological malignancies.
     遗传性乳腺癌卵巢癌BRCA1基因的研究
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     Chemoprevention of breast cancer
     乳腺癌的药物预防
短句来源
     RADIOTHERAPY OF BREAST CANCER
     乳腺癌放射治疗
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     Immunotherapy for ovarian cancer
     卵巢癌的免疫治疗
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  breast and ovarian cancer
Characteristics of mortality rates from breast and ovarian cancer in Japan
      
Objective: Breast and ovarian cancer is rare in Japan compared with other developed countries but their mortality rates are increasing.
      
It is necessary to examine the experience of Japan as a guide to further prevent breast and ovarian cancer in our country.
      
Methods: We conducted an epidemiological study of breast and ovarian cancer in the past 50 years to investigate the trends and characteristics of the mortality rates in Japan.
      
The numbers of age-specific death from breast and ovarian cancer and the population of 5-year groups were obtained from the Vital Statistics of Japan.
      
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Cancer deaths determined from national vital statistics in Canadian ("Chinese") immigrants who were born in mainland China, Hong Kong or Taiwan were compared with those in the Canadian-born population. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) based on 1981 census data and on 755 deaths among 81 740 Chinese males and 586 deaths among 83965 females during 1980-1984, showed that the overall cancer mortality in Chinese males (SMR 141). and females (SMR 116), was significantly higher than in the Canadian-born. Moreover...

Cancer deaths determined from national vital statistics in Canadian ("Chinese") immigrants who were born in mainland China, Hong Kong or Taiwan were compared with those in the Canadian-born population. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) based on 1981 census data and on 755 deaths among 81 740 Chinese males and 586 deaths among 83965 females during 1980-1984, showed that the overall cancer mortality in Chinese males (SMR 141). and females (SMR 116), was significantly higher than in the Canadian-born. Moreover SMR varied by cancer site and showed a pattern of risks were similar to those reported for foreign-born Chinese in the USA: strikingly high SMR for nasopharynx and liver in males and females; high ratios for stomach, intestines or colon, rectum and lung, but a low ratio for prostate in males; and high ratios for lung and cervix uteri but low ratios for breast and ovary in females. These findings emphasize the potential value of future etiologic studies of cancer in Canadian Chinese.

本文比较加拿大华人与加拿大人的癌肿死亡率。结果显示加拿大华人癌肿死亡率无论男、女均高于加拿大人,男标化死亡比(SMR)为141;女SMR为116,其差异在统计学上有极显著意义。各部位癌肿死亡情况与美国华人极为相似。加拿大华人无论男、女其鼻咽癌、肝癌死亡率明显高于加拿大人。肺、胃、肠癌死亡率亦高于加拿大人。加拿大华人男性前列腺癌低于加拿大人;加拿大华人女性肺癌、子宫颈癌均高于加拿大人;但乳腺癌、卵巢癌明显低于加拿大人。加拿大华人男、女皮肤癌死亡率均明显低于加拿大人。这对进一步研究加拿大华人癌肿病因提供一可靠依据。

Serum sIL-2R level was measured by ELISA in 365 patients with cancers, such as gastric, hepatic, pancreatic, colonic, mammary, ovarian, pulmonary cancer, malignant lymphoma and leukemia as well as in 230 patients with benign diseases and in 51 healthy subjects. The mean serum levels were significantly elevated in patients with cancers of various organs(P<0. 001).Patients with metastasis had even higher values than those without(P< 0. 001). Recurrent or persistant elevation after resection indicated residual...

Serum sIL-2R level was measured by ELISA in 365 patients with cancers, such as gastric, hepatic, pancreatic, colonic, mammary, ovarian, pulmonary cancer, malignant lymphoma and leukemia as well as in 230 patients with benign diseases and in 51 healthy subjects. The mean serum levels were significantly elevated in patients with cancers of various organs(P<0. 001).Patients with metastasis had even higher values than those without(P< 0. 001). Recurrent or persistant elevation after resection indicated residual focus or recurrence. It is believed that sIL-2R may be a 42KD segment piece of Tac antigen shedded from IL-2R of normal mononuclear cells as well as from surfaces of malignant cells.It' s elevation can be taken as a token of host biological response as well as an active marker of malignancy.

用ELISA法测定365例肿瘤患者(包括胃癌、肝癌、胰腺癌、结肠癌、乳腺癌、卵巢癌、肺癌、恶性淋巴瘤、白血病)和230例相关脏器的良性疾病患者以及51名健康人的血清sIL-2R浓度,发现恶性肿瘤患者血清sIL-2R水平明显高于良性疾病患者和健康人对照组(P<0.001),伴转移患者的sIL-2R升高更明显,与不伴转移者相比,差异显著(P<0.001)。作为免疫活性标志,血清sIL-2R可以作为评估肿瘤发生和检测复发的辅助手段。

Objective To investigate the effects of S 100 protein and H M B45 monoclonal antibodies in thediagnosis of malignant melanomas . Methods With a group case control study on nevocellular nevi, breastcancers, ovary cancers , 58 cases of malignant melanomas were stained with S P method ofim munohistochemistry. Results Among 58 cases of malignant melanomas, 56 cases are H M B45 positive(96 6 % ) . There were only 3 positive cases in the controls .55 cases were S 100 protein positive (94 8 %...

Objective To investigate the effects of S 100 protein and H M B45 monoclonal antibodies in thediagnosis of malignant melanomas . Methods With a group case control study on nevocellular nevi, breastcancers, ovary cancers , 58 cases of malignant melanomas were stained with S P method ofim munohistochemistry. Results Among 58 cases of malignant melanomas, 56 cases are H M B45 positive(96 6 % ) . There were only 3 positive cases in the controls .55 cases were S 100 protein positive (94 8 % ) . Inthe controls ,all nevocellular nevi were positive (100 % ) . In the cases of breast cancers and ovary cancers ,therewasfew positive . Conclusion S 100 protein and H M B45 are higher sensitive in the diagnosis of malignantmelanomas ,but the specificity of S 100 protein islowerthan that of H M B45 . The com bination of S 100 proteinand H M B45 helps to the diagnosis of malignant melano mas .

目的 探讨 S100 蛋白和 H M B45 单克隆抗体在恶性黑素瘤诊断中的价值。方法 以痣细胞痣、乳腺癌、卵巢癌作为对照病例,对58 例恶性黑素瘤进行 S P 免疫组化染色。结果 58 例恶性黑素瘤中 H M B45 阳性56 例(966 % ) ,对照组有3 例阳性; S100 蛋白染色有55 例阳性(948 % ) ,对照组中,痣细胞痣100 % 阳性,乳腺癌、卵巢癌中偶见阳性病例。结论  S100 蛋白和 H M B45 单克隆抗体对恶性黑素瘤的诊断敏感性均较高,但 S100 蛋白的特异性较 H M B45 差,两者联合应用有助于恶性黑素瘤的诊断。

 
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