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颈胸     
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  cervical and thoracic
     Treatment for C_7-T_2 vertebrae lesion with anterior approach combined cervical and thoracic incision
     经前路颈胸联合切口治疗C_7~T_2椎病变
短句来源
     Results Cervical spinal cord was involved in 8 cases(44.4%); cervical and thoracic spinal cord simultaneously in 7 cases (38.9%),thoracic spinal cord in 2 cases (11.1%) and whole spinal cord in 1 case (5.6%).
     结果:18例脊髓多发性硬化主要发生在颈髓8例,占44.4%,颈胸髓同时受累7例,占38.9%,单纯胸髓受累2例,占11.1%,全部脊髓受累1例,占5.6%。
短句来源
     Results Cervical spinal cord was involved in 40% cases,cervical and thoracic spiral cord simultaneously in 30%, thoracic spiral cord in 5 cases (25%), and whole spinal cord 5%.
     结果 病灶分布上以颈髓受累最多,占40%,颈胸髓同时受累占30%,胸髓受累占25%,全部脊髓受累最少,为5%。
短句来源
     MRI manifestation showed hypo intensity on T 1WI and hyperintensity on T 2WI located in cervical and thoracic spinal cord.
     MRI检查呈等T1、长T1、长T2信号,病灶累及颈胸髓;
短句来源
     Results Nineteen lesions of 20 cases located in the subdural extramedullary space. Among which, 10 lesions occurred in the cervical segment, 4 lesions in the junction of cervical and thoracic segments and 5 lesions in the thoracic segments.
     结果19例位于脊髓腹侧的髓外硬膜下间隙,其中颈段椎管10例,颈胸段4例,胸段5例;
短句来源
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  cervical and thorax
     The Clinical Study of Treating the Neck Type of Cervical Spondylosiss Stemed from Cervical and Thorax Segment Behind Protruding
     从颈胸段脊柱后凸入手治疗颈型颈椎病的临床观察
短句来源
     The clinical study of treating The neck type of cervical spondylosis started with cervical and thorax segment behind protruding shows that gentle revolving under draught on back position is a kind of effectual method to treat cervical and thorax segment behind protruding,and it can alleviate muscle convulsion , reconstruct mechanics balance , recover the cervical vertebra physiological bending degree, thus reach therapy aim.
     从颈胸段脊柱后凸入手治疗颈型颈椎病的临床研究表明:仰卧位牵引下微旋手法是治疗颈胸段脊柱后凸较为有效的方法,治疗可以缓解颈部肌肉痉挛,重建颈椎的力学平衡,恢复颈椎生理曲度,从而达到了治疗颈型颈椎病的目的。
短句来源
  cervical thoracic
     Methods From January 1997 to October 2001, 11 cases of Ⅲ° burn wounds in the facio cervical region were repaired with the cervical thoracic fasciocutaneous flap ranging from 18 cm×8 cm to 13 cm× 5 cm.
     方法  1997年 1月~ 2 0 0 1年 10月应用颈胸筋膜皮瓣修复面颈部 度烧伤创面 11例 ,皮瓣最大 18cm× 8cm,最小 13cm× 5 cm。
短句来源
     Cervical thoracic actinomycosis with spinal cord compression
     颈胸段脊椎放线菌感染伴脊髓压迫症
短句来源
     Methods:Thirty two cases:9 of the cervical region,21 of the thoracic and 2 of the cervical thoracic region were treated from 1990~1999.Clinical manifestation and types,and results of spinal radiongraphy,opertive treatment were separately described.
     方法 :从 1990~ 1999年收治 32例椎管内脊膜瘤 ,颈段 9例 ,胸段 2 1例 ,颈胸段 2例。
短句来源
     Methods: The sulcus of 127 dry cervical vertebae and cervical thoracic vertebrae of 15 specimens were observed.
     方法 :观察 12 7套干燥颈椎标本的颈椎前外侧沟。 解剖颈胸段脊柱标本 15例 ,观察头颈长肌及间距。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of cervicothoracic spine and spinal cord trauma, and the effect of anterior decompression, bone graft and Orion plate fixation on treatment of cervical thoracic spine trauma.
     目的 探讨颈胸段脊柱脊髓损伤的临床特点及颈胸段前路减压、植骨、Orion钢板内固定术的治疗作用。
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  neck-thoracic
     Methods 14 patients with tumors of neck-thoracic junctional regions, who received operative treatment for resecting the tumors from 5,1975 to 6,2003 in our hospital, 10 were male and 4 female. They were 15-68 years old (averagely 46 ±10.4).
     方法:1997—05~2003—06,14例颈胸联合部肿瘤施行手术,男10例,女4例,年龄15~68岁平均(46±10.4)岁。
短句来源
     Objective To study the operative method and key points of surgical treatment for the tumors in neck-thoracic junction-al region.
     目的:探讨颈胸联合部肿瘤外科治疗的手术方法及要点。
短句来源
     The surgical treatment for the tumor of neck-thoracic junctional region
     颈胸联合部肿瘤的外科治疗
短句来源
     Objective To study the operative method and key points of surgical treatment for the tumor of neck-thoracic junctional region.
     目的 探讨颈胸联合部肿瘤外科治疗的手术方法及要点。
短句来源
     Surgical Treatment of Tumors in Neck-thoracic Junctional Regions
     颈胸联合部肿瘤的外科治疗
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  cervical and thoracic
A study was made of the influence of a ten-day course of therapeutic massage of the back and neck and manual therapy of the cervical and thoracic parts and the cervicothoracic transition on the orthostatic response of the cardiovascular system.
      
Neuropathological examination revealed complete, widespread necrosis in the cervical and thoracic segments of the spinal cord with mononuclear and microglial infiltrations.
      
Respiratory failure occurs as a result of bulbar, cervical and thoracic loss of motor neurones.
      
Prevalence of cervical and thoracic disc protrusions was investigated by MRI in 24 military long-term compressed-air divers and 24 controls.
      
In 30 normal volunteers respiratory muscles were activated by magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex and the cervical and thoracic spinal roots with bilateral recordings from the respiratory muscles.
      
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  cervical thoracic
Cervical thoracic duct cyst: a differential diagnosis of left supraclavicular swelling
      
We report a case of bilateral chylothorax following ligation of the cervical thoracic duct during a left subclavian to carotid artery transposition.
      
This preliminary report shows that PSO may be performed successfully to correct cervical thoracic kyphosis.
      
  其他


Altogether 17 young healthy rabbits, weighing from 520 to 720 gms, aging 38-48 postanatal days, are used as experimental animals. Follow- ing hemisection and partial hemisection of the spinal cord at different levels the origin of the reticulo-spinal tract has been studied by retrograde degeneration method. The serial transverse sections of the brain stem and the operated cord are prepared and stained with thionin. It is found that in ailof the medial reticular nuclei of the brain stem the typical retrograde...

Altogether 17 young healthy rabbits, weighing from 520 to 720 gms, aging 38-48 postanatal days, are used as experimental animals. Follow- ing hemisection and partial hemisection of the spinal cord at different levels the origin of the reticulo-spinal tract has been studied by retrograde degeneration method. The serial transverse sections of the brain stem and the operated cord are prepared and stained with thionin. It is found that in ailof the medial reticular nuclei of the brain stem the typical retrograde cellular changes are present bilaterally but predominant homolaterally. The retrograde cell changes have been shown in the nucleus raphe magnus and in the mesencephalic reticular formation, as well as in the other medial reticular nuclei, but a few in number. The spinal projections of the ventral medullary reticular nucleus project only into the cervical cord, whereas those of the other nuclei, including the gigantocellular reticular nucleus, project into both the cervical and the thoracic cord. It is alsodemonstrated that the smaller cells, though a few, of the medial reticular formation as well as the larger ones contribute to the fibers of the reticulo-spinal tract.

用健康家兔17只(体重520—720g,生后35—48天)作为实验动物,在不同平面(颈、胸、腰)作脊髓半横切或部分半横切,用逆行细胞溃变法研究网状脊髓束的起核。本文发现脑干网状结构内侧部各核内都有溃变细胞,双侧性,但以同侧明显。另在缝际大核和中脑网状结构内,也见到溃变细胞,但为数甚少,提示此两处的脊髓投射不是主要的。延髓网状腹侧核只发纤维至颈髓,其它各网状核包括巨细胞网状核在内的脊髓投射可至颈、胸髓。本文还证实网状结构内侧部的中、小型细胞也和巨、大型细胞一样参与网状脊髓束的形成,不过为数较少。

17 young healthy rabbits weighing from 520 to 720 gins,ageing 38~48 postnatal days,were used for this study.Seven to fourteen days following spinal lesions at diffe- rent levels the animals were killed and serial transverse sections of thc brain stem were stained with thionin,the retrograde cell degenerations within the red nucleus were studied. An analysis of the chromatolysis indicates that the rubrospinal fibers are largely crossed and a few fibers to the cervical cord are uncrossed.Furthermore,a somatotopical...

17 young healthy rabbits weighing from 520 to 720 gins,ageing 38~48 postnatal days,were used for this study.Seven to fourteen days following spinal lesions at diffe- rent levels the animals were killed and serial transverse sections of thc brain stem were stained with thionin,the retrograde cell degenerations within the red nucleus were studied. An analysis of the chromatolysis indicates that the rubrospinal fibers are largely crossed and a few fibers to the cervical cord are uncrossed.Furthermore,a somatotopical localization exists within the contralateral red nucleus with respect to the rubrospinal tract,i.e.the cervical projections of the fibers system take origin from the dorsal part of the red nucleus almost throughout its whole extent,the thoracic projections from the ventral part of the caudal five-sixths of the red nucleus,and the lumbar projections from the centro-ventral part of the caudal third of the nucleus. It also indicates that all types of cells in the red nucleus,not only the large ones, give rise to the rubrospinal tract.The spinal porjections of this fiber tract may descend as far as the lumbar cord.

用健康幼小家兔17只作为实验材料,体重520~720克,生后38~48天,在脊髓不同平面(颈、胸、腰)作半横切或部分半横切,喂养7~14日后杀死,取脑干和手术部脊髓,制连续横切片,厚15微米,硫堇染色。观察红核内的溃变细胞,分析细胞溃变的结果表明:红核脊髓束大部分是交叉性的,只有少量至颈髓的纤维不交叉。交叉性的红核脊髓束在红核的起始有躯体定位。即此束的颈髓投射起自对侧红核的背侧部;胸髓投射起自核尾侧段5/6的腹侧部;腰髓投射起自核尾侧段1/3的中腹部。此外,本实验还证实:不仅红核大型细胞,其它中、小型细胞也发纤维构成红核脊髓束,它可到达腰髓平面。

Several aspects of the skin structure and hairs in 19 Harbin White and6 Min new-born piglets were observed anatomically and histologically.The thicknesses of the skin from eight different regions of the trunk weremeasured and were shown different,the skin of Harbin White piglets being0.439~0.774mm thick and the thickness of the skin in Min piglets being 0.63~0.9mm.In both of the species,the thickest skin was found on the backin the lumbar and sacrum regions and the thinest on the abdomen.To com-pare the skin...

Several aspects of the skin structure and hairs in 19 Harbin White and6 Min new-born piglets were observed anatomically and histologically.The thicknesses of the skin from eight different regions of the trunk weremeasured and were shown different,the skin of Harbin White piglets being0.439~0.774mm thick and the thickness of the skin in Min piglets being 0.63~0.9mm.In both of the species,the thickest skin was found on the backin the lumbar and sacrum regions and the thinest on the abdomen.To com-pare the skin of the two species,Min piglets' was thicker than that of HarbinWhits piglets only on the abdomen,and the thicknesses of the skin fromother parts of the body were not significantly different between the twospecies.The epidermis was thin and its thickness was relatively even,and it canbe divided into a germinal layer,a granular layer,a hyaline layer and a cor-neous layer.The papillar layer and the reticular layér in the derma had notdifferentiated into two distinct layers yet.There was no papilla formed inthe most part of the skin,but the rudiments of them can be seen in some places.The collagen fibers in the reticular layer were fine,short and looselyarranged.The cellular elements in this layer were more densely populated,thehair follicles much thiner and hair roots a litte bit thiner than those of theadult pig.The lamination of both tha hair follicle and the root was similarto that of the adult pig.There were some sweat glands,and very few sebace-ous glands which appeared only as rudiments,in the skin on the lateral thorax.The arrector muscle was welldeveloepd.Among the parts of skin measured,the hairs of both species can be rankedas follows,from the longest to the shortest:1.the sinushairs in the mental.region;2.the long hairs above the regio orbitae;3 the hairs in the regiodorsoscapularis;4.the hairs in the frontal region;5.the hairs on the lateralwalls of thorax;6.those in the shoulder and humeral regions;and 7.those inthe regio glutaea.The hairs from other regions which were even shorter thanthose in the regio glutaea were not measured.The means of length of the hairsfrom five regions were significantly different between the two species ofpiglets,those from Min pigs being longer than those from Harbin White pigs.There were 2~3 sinus—hairs on the malar papilla.The pulmina pilorumin thehead region of Min pigs was more complicated than that of Harbin White pigs,and the puminae in other regions of the body were similar between Minand Harbin White pigs.The pulminae pilori all over the body had been givennames and divided many regions according to the different directions of them,and their pictures had also been drawn.The types of pulminae pilori in pigletswere:1.the pulmina pilorum dispersing in dots;2.the pulmina pilorum con-verging in dots;3.the pulmina pilorum dispersing in lines;4.the pulminapilorum converging in lines;5.the vortex pilorum;and 6.the pulmina pilorumdispersing gradually and not completely.(All these new names were given bythe author himself).Generally,in different individuals,there were threedifferent types of pulminae pilori on the median of the back in the neck,thorax,lumbar region and sacrum.

对哈尔滨白猪初生仔猪19头和东北民猪初生仔猪6头的皮肤结构及毛的几个方面,进行了大体解剖和一般组织学的初步观察。在躯干部测量了八个部位的皮肤厚度。各部位的厚度不同,哈白猪为0.439—0.774毫米;民猪为0.63—0.9毫米。两猪种的皮肤最厚部位均为腰荐背部;最薄部位均为腹下部。民猪腹下部皮肤比哈白猪腹下部皮肤为厚,其它各部位皮肤厚度的均数差异都不显著。表皮薄,厚度较一致。表皮可分为生发层、粒层、明层和角化层。真皮的乳头层与网状层分化不清,大部分地方没有形成乳头,少数地方形成乳头的雏形。网状层的胶质纤维细而短,排列疏松,细胞成分比大猪的密度大。毛囊比大猪的细得多。毛根比大猪的稍细一些。毛囊和毛根的分层结构与大猪相似。胸侧部皮肤内有汗腺存在。皮脂腺极少,只显始基。竖毛肌较发达。在测量过的几个部位中,二猪种的毛由长至短依次为:(1)颏腺部窦毛;(2)眶上部长毛;(3)鬐甲部;(4)额部;(5)胸侧部;(6)肩臂部及腹侧部;(7)臀部。比臀部更短的毛没有测量。二猪种有五个部位的毛均数差异显著,民猪的长于哈白猪的。颧乳头有2—3根窦毛。民猪头部的毛流比哈白猪的复杂一些,其它各部位二猪种相似。对全身各部位的毛流分别绘...

对哈尔滨白猪初生仔猪19头和东北民猪初生仔猪6头的皮肤结构及毛的几个方面,进行了大体解剖和一般组织学的初步观察。在躯干部测量了八个部位的皮肤厚度。各部位的厚度不同,哈白猪为0.439—0.774毫米;民猪为0.63—0.9毫米。两猪种的皮肤最厚部位均为腰荐背部;最薄部位均为腹下部。民猪腹下部皮肤比哈白猪腹下部皮肤为厚,其它各部位皮肤厚度的均数差异都不显著。表皮薄,厚度较一致。表皮可分为生发层、粒层、明层和角化层。真皮的乳头层与网状层分化不清,大部分地方没有形成乳头,少数地方形成乳头的雏形。网状层的胶质纤维细而短,排列疏松,细胞成分比大猪的密度大。毛囊比大猪的细得多。毛根比大猪的稍细一些。毛囊和毛根的分层结构与大猪相似。胸侧部皮肤内有汗腺存在。皮脂腺极少,只显始基。竖毛肌较发达。在测量过的几个部位中,二猪种的毛由长至短依次为:(1)颏腺部窦毛;(2)眶上部长毛;(3)鬐甲部;(4)额部;(5)胸侧部;(6)肩臂部及腹侧部;(7)臀部。比臀部更短的毛没有测量。二猪种有五个部位的毛均数差异显著,民猪的长于哈白猪的。颧乳头有2—3根窦毛。民猪头部的毛流比哈白猪的复杂一些,其它各部位二猪种相似。对全身各部位的毛流分别绘图,按照毛流的方向不同分成许多区,并予以命名。仔猪毛流类型有:(1)点状分散性毛流;(2)点状集合性毛流;(3)线状分散性毛流;(4)线状集合性毛流;(5)旋毛;(6)逐渐半分散性毛流(为作者新命名)。在不同个体的颈胸腰荐背部正中,一般有三种以上不同类型的毛流。

 
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