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肿胀
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  edema (
     RESULTS: AE S and AE R at different doses had obvious inhibitory effects on xylene induced auricle edema ( P <0.01~0.05), exudation of abdominal blood capillaries ( P <0.01~0.05) and cotton pellet induced granuloma formation ( P <0.05) of mice, and had no effect on index of mice's immune organs.
     结果 :不同剂量的AE S和AE R能明显抑制小鼠二甲苯致耳廓肿胀 (P <0 .0 1~ 0 .0 5 )、腹腔毛细血管通透性 (P <0 .0 1~ 0 .0 5 )及棉球肉芽肿增生 (P <0 .0 5 ) ,而不影响小鼠免疫器官指数 ;
短句来源
     Results:This drug could significantly suppress xylene-induced mouse ear edema(P<0.05)and markedly decrease the writhing times of mice induced by acetic acid(P<0.01).
     结果 :该药明显抑制二甲苯所致的小鼠耳廓肿胀 (P<0.05) ,显著减少醋酸引起的小鼠扭体反应次数(P<0.01) ;
短句来源
     same as luteolin in active cutaneous anaphylaxis test of mice alcohol extract of stir-baked Fructus Perillae 0.32, 0.64, and 1.28 g/kg inhibited significantly mouse ear edema (P<0.05, 0.01), respectively;
     小鼠主动皮肤过敏反应结果表明,与木犀草素相同,炒紫苏子醇提取物各剂量明显抑制小鼠耳肿胀(P<0.05、0.01);
短句来源
     Three proportions of MDD had significant inhibitory effect on xylene-induced mouse ear edema (P<0.05). But there was no significant difference by statistics among the three dosage groups(P>0.05).
     3种比例茅根冬瓜茶均能显著抑制二甲苯所致小鼠耳肿胀 ( P<0 .0 5 ) ,但组间无显著差异 ( P>0 .0 5 )。
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  “肿胀(”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Compared with excipient control,QYNT inhibited significantly croton oil auricular swelling in mice(t=2.384-5.176,P < 0.05-0.01), and prolonged remarkably the latent duration of screaming caused by electric stimulation(t=2.313-8.951,P< 0.05-0.01).
     祛瘀宁痛贴与赋形剂对照组比较,显著抑制小鼠巴豆油性耳肿胀(t=2.384~5.176,P<0.05~0.01),明显延长电刺激致小鼠尖叫的潜伏期(t=2.313~8.951,P<0.05~0.01)。
短句来源
     Results Cavy's ear swellings were markedly suppressed in each dose group of the Oral Liquids Expelling Wind and Stopping Itch(P<0.01), decreasing the levels of IL-2, IL-6 and GM-CSF(P<0.01 or P<0.05) in serum of ACD cavy, but the level of GM-CSF in serum of the small dose group of ACD cavy was not decreased(P>0.05);
     结果口服不同剂量祛风止痒口服液均能明显抑制ACD豚鼠耳肿胀(P<0.01),降低ACD豚鼠血清IL-2、IL-6及GM-CSF水平(P<0.01或P<0.05),但小剂量组ACD豚鼠血清GM-CSF水平无明显变化(P>0.05);
短句来源
     Results: Ginger Oil in dosage of 0.5,1.0 mL·kg~(-1) could inhibit swelling degree of feet(P<0.05,P<0.01),it lowered the contents of prostaglandinE_2 in joint exudates of mice with adjuvant arthritis as well(P<0.05,P<0.01).
     结果:生姜油0.5,1.0 mL. kg-1均能明显减轻小鼠足肿胀(P<0.05,P<0.01),也能明显抑制佐剂性关节炎小鼠关节液中PGE2的升高(P<0.05,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results: The CT appearances of acute pancreatitis included:swelling of pancreas in various degree (83/ 85), pancreatic necroses (44/85), peripancreaticfluid collection (46/85) and pancreatic abscess (14/85).
     结果:急性胰腺炎CT表现为不同程度的胰腺肿胀(83/85),胰腺坏死(44/85),胰周积液(46/85),胰腺脓肿(14/85).
短句来源
     The most common clinical presentations of DVT were swelling (91.3%)and pain (58.3%)of calf and thigh.
     DVT的临床表现以下肢肿胀 (91 3% )和疼痛 (5 8 3% )最常见。
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  相似匹配句对
     (3)the swelling of rough endoplasmic reticulum;
     (3)粗面内质网肿胀 ;
短句来源
     2.prominent swelling of soft tissue;
     2软组织肿胀;
短句来源
     And obvious tumefaction of soft tissues.
     软组织明显肿胀
短句来源
     (6) Swelling of the right psoas.
     (6 )右腰大肌肿胀
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  edema (
OCT showed that the macular edema disappeared or was alleviated.
      
PAF and 1-alkenyl-PAF induced rat paw edema in the range of doses 0.1-10 and 10-100 μg per paw, respectively.
      
Paw edema induced by 1-acyl-PAF (10-100 μg per paw) was more pronounced than that induced by PAF or 1-alkenyl-PAF.
      
The latter also exhibited significant antiinflammatory effect by inhibiting PAF- or car-rageenan-induced rat paw edema, and this effect exceeded that of dexamethasone.
      
Higher levels of oxidative stress and inflammation (as indicated by the accumulation of peroxidative products, antioxidant depletion, and edema formation) were evident in the DMBA/Cum-OOH group compared to DMBA/TPA treated mice.
      
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203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and...

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and transversal distance between all sacral posterior foramens were measured. Among the 203 sacrals,it was found that the percentage of normal simple promonory(25th vertebra)was quite high(85.7%),simple promontory formed by 2nd sacral vertebra(26th vertebra)was less than 2.5%,whereas double promontories formed by 25th and 24th vertebrae were found to be 11.8%. In general,the lower margin of the auricular surface reached the third sacral vertebra,but in women it was shorter than in men. The sacral lengths were measured as follows: 1)the largest height—108.0 mm. 2)the largest breadth of the upper portion—111.0 mm 3)the middle breadth—85.0 mm. 4)the highest curvature—119.0 mm. 5)the sagital length of the sacral base—31.0 mm. 6)the breadth of the sacral base—50.0 mm. All the sacral indices were counted as follows: 1)the sacral index—102.7. 2)the index of the sacral breadth—76.6. 3)the index of the sacral curvature—110. 2. 4)the index of the sacral curvature-difference—1.85. 5)the index of the sacral base—62.0. The relation between sacral variations and sacral block anesthesia was discussed.

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶...

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶基指数平均为63.3。9.骶骨与骶部麻醉有很大的关系,Trotter及Letterman和卜国铉均曾论及,作者检查203个骶骨中,亦发见阻碍针刺的各种情况,认为在进行国人骶管阻滞麻醉时,应注意下列几点:a)测定骶裂孔位置时,勿误将裂孔边缘的结节状隆起(158.0%)认为骶角,可摸测骶中嵴的末端膨大(58.0%)作为辅助的标志。但也有呈一对结节将隆起者(16.0%)。b)针刺宜在正中线进行,裂孔常有高低位置不同,先从低位针刺,(方形及三角形骶裂孔共占34.3%)再渐行高位针刺(长方形,尖长形及马蹄形骶裂孔共占50.7%)。c)针刺受阻时,应考虑其他15.0%的骶裂孔的变异形状或针刺不入亦应考虑骶裂孔尖端矢状径小于2.0毫米。 d)针刺后软部组织肿胀而药液外漏时应考虑到骶管后壁的全部开放或部份缺裂的情况共占25.5%,不过其中17.5%为骶管后壁上部的裂口,对此并无妨碍。

1. The different methods of transmission of caprine pleutopneumonia have been investigated with the seed materials derived from the sporadic cases from Sinkiang, Shansi and Shantung Provinces. The results were briefly summaried as follows: (1) By subcutaneous inoculation, only local swelling and elevation of body temperature were found in a small number of goats, no pneumonic changes were seen from autopsy. (2) By intramuscular inoculation, the tested goats showed massive edema and necrosis at the site of inoculation...

1. The different methods of transmission of caprine pleutopneumonia have been investigated with the seed materials derived from the sporadic cases from Sinkiang, Shansi and Shantung Provinces. The results were briefly summaried as follows: (1) By subcutaneous inoculation, only local swelling and elevation of body temperature were found in a small number of goats, no pneumonic changes were seen from autopsy. (2) By intramuscular inoculation, the tested goats showed massive edema and necrosis at the site of inoculation and the surrounding area of the muscles, and nopulmonary lessions have been seen from autopsy. (3) By intravenous injection, one of the two goats was infected and hepatizafion of the lungs was observed. (4) By direct contact, the latent period is usually over 20 days. Both adult and kids might be infected. (5) By intrathoracic inoculation, the morbidity is approximately 72%. The latent period is uncertain. (6) By inhalation of atomized material through nostrils, the goat usually showed symptom 5—18 days later. (7) By intratracheal injection, the morbidity is about 95%, and the incubation period is 3—7 days. When the goats were injected in a standing position, the hepatized areas were usually seen on the right lung; when injected first in a recumbent position and then in standing position, the hepatized areas were usually seen on both sides of the lungs. 2. The virulent lung tissue of goat infected with caprine pleuropneumonia is non-patho-genic to sheep, rabbit and guinea pigs. 3. The infected lung tissue retained its virulence for 20 days in room temperature (16℃) and for 24 days in cold stroage (2℃) in 50% glycerin saline. 4. The frozen-dried lung tissue kept at 2—8℃ retained its virulence for 49 months. 5. The M. I. D. of fresh lung tissue for goat through intratracheal injection is about 0.000004 gin., while the frozen-dried lung tissue is about 0.004 gm. in equivalent for fresh lung tissue.

1.曾以山傳肺組織乳劑液或胸水,作對山羊之各種途徑感染試驗,其結果如下: (1)皮下注射法:僅使少數羊呈現體温及局部腫脹反應,但不引起山傳特具的肺臟病理變化。 (2)肌肉注射法:可引起局部及隣近的筋肉腫脹發炎,呈濕性壞死,重者陷於死亡,但肺臟無變化。 (3)靜脈注射法:可發生疾病並引起肺臟肝變。 (4)人工接觸法:在接觸20多天後,大多數羊均可發病,雖小羔亦難倖免。 (5)胸內注射法:發病率為了27%,潛伏期長短很不一致,肺的病變多限於局部。 (6)噴霧戚染法:有一部分羊經過噴霧感染後5—18天發病,並引起肺臟肝變。 (7)氣管注射法:發病率高達95%以上,潛伏期大多數為3—7天,用站立姿勢注射法,病變多在右肺葉,如採用站立仰臥姿勢兼用注射法,則病變遍於左右兩葉。 2.山傅的強毒肺組織液,不能使緬羊、家免及海猪等試驗動物致病。 3.新鮮肺組織在50%甘油鹽水中,置室温(16℃)20天,冰箱(2℃)124天,仍有致病力,如再延長時間,則失去致病力。但病原組織凍乾後,置普通冰箱保存49個月又13天,仍有致病力;2年以後,其發病毒價約減低10倍。新鮮病原組織小至0.000004克仍可致病。凍乾後毒力約減低1000倍...

1.曾以山傳肺組織乳劑液或胸水,作對山羊之各種途徑感染試驗,其結果如下: (1)皮下注射法:僅使少數羊呈現體温及局部腫脹反應,但不引起山傳特具的肺臟病理變化。 (2)肌肉注射法:可引起局部及隣近的筋肉腫脹發炎,呈濕性壞死,重者陷於死亡,但肺臟無變化。 (3)靜脈注射法:可發生疾病並引起肺臟肝變。 (4)人工接觸法:在接觸20多天後,大多數羊均可發病,雖小羔亦難倖免。 (5)胸內注射法:發病率為了27%,潛伏期長短很不一致,肺的病變多限於局部。 (6)噴霧戚染法:有一部分羊經過噴霧感染後5—18天發病,並引起肺臟肝變。 (7)氣管注射法:發病率高達95%以上,潛伏期大多數為3—7天,用站立姿勢注射法,病變多在右肺葉,如採用站立仰臥姿勢兼用注射法,則病變遍於左右兩葉。 2.山傅的強毒肺組織液,不能使緬羊、家免及海猪等試驗動物致病。 3.新鮮肺組織在50%甘油鹽水中,置室温(16℃)20天,冰箱(2℃)124天,仍有致病力,如再延長時間,則失去致病力。但病原組織凍乾後,置普通冰箱保存49個月又13天,仍有致病力;2年以後,其發病毒價約減低10倍。新鮮病原組織小至0.000004克仍可致病。凍乾後毒力約減低1000倍,其最小發病量一般為0.004克。

Forty-eight young female albino rats,weighing 70 to 100 grams,were used in the presentinvestigation.The spinal cord was hemisectioned at the mid-thoracic level.The vermis of cerebellumwas removed and fixed,from one hour to 90 days after operation.Serial paraffin sections weremade.Degeneration of nerve fibers and their terminals was studied by means of Marchi's methodand modified Glees' silver impregnation method.The following results were obtained.Most fibers of the spino-cerebellar tract of the lower thoracic...

Forty-eight young female albino rats,weighing 70 to 100 grams,were used in the presentinvestigation.The spinal cord was hemisectioned at the mid-thoracic level.The vermis of cerebellumwas removed and fixed,from one hour to 90 days after operation.Serial paraffin sections weremade.Degeneration of nerve fibers and their terminals was studied by means of Marchi's methodand modified Glees' silver impregnation method.The following results were obtained.Most fibers of the spino-cerebellar tract of the lower thoracic and lumbo-sacral segments of therat terminated in lobes Ⅰ(lingula),Ⅱ,Ⅲ(lobulus centralis),Ⅳ,Ⅴ(culmen),Ⅷ(pyramis),and Ⅵa (in the dorsal lobes of the declive).A few degenerated fibers were found in lobes Ⅶ(tuber) and Ⅸ(uvula),only very few of them terminated is lobes Ⅹ(nodulus) and the cere-bellar nuclei.None was found in lobe Ⅵc(the ventral lobes of the declive).The terminal fibers of spino-cerebellar tract formed the “mossy fibers” of cerebellum.Twelvehours after operation,some terminals of this type became swollen and showed increased argyro-philia.In 72 hours the degeneration was at its maximum.120 hours after operation,degeneratedterminals greatly reduced in number due to fragmentation and absorption.The terminal degene-ration method had been proved to be a fairly precise method in studying the interneuronal con-nections in the central nervous system.

1.本报告系用体重70—100克较幼的雌性大白鼠48只,在中胸部半切断脊髓后1小时至90天,取39只的小脑蚓部,用改良的Marsland,Glees及Erikson的石蜡镀银法染色;另取9只切断脊髓后7天至69天的小脑蚓部用Marcki法染色,追踪下胸部和腰骶部的脊髓小脑束在小脑蚓部的分布及其末梢形态。2.从下胸部和腰骶部来的脊髓小脑束终止在蚓部的Ⅱ叶(中央叶的腹侧小叶)和Ⅲ叶(中央叶的背侧小叶)最多,前者略多于后者。有较多的纤维分布到Ⅴ叶(山顶的背侧小叶)和Ⅷ叶(蚓锥体)。只有少量的纤维终止在Ⅰ叶(小脑舌),Ⅳ叶(山顶的腹侧小叶)、Ⅵa叶(山坡的背侧小叶)。很少的纤维进入Ⅵb叶(山坡的中间小叶)、Ⅶa、Ⅶb叶(蚓结节)和Ⅸa、Ⅸb、Ⅸc、Ⅸd叶(蚓垂)。偶而也看见极少的脊髓小脑纤维终止在X叶(蚓小结)和小脑核。只在Ⅵe叶(山坡的腹侧小叶)没有发现溃变的纤维。脊髓小脑纤维主要终止在同侧的蚓部,部分也交叉到对侧。3.脊髓小脑纤维的神经末梢形成苔状纤维。在手术后12小时少数苔状纤维的神经末梢开始显示增粗和嗜银性增强。手术后72小时到达最高峰。溃变的早期特征是嗜银性增强和肿胀,部分神经末梢形成小环状或线...

1.本报告系用体重70—100克较幼的雌性大白鼠48只,在中胸部半切断脊髓后1小时至90天,取39只的小脑蚓部,用改良的Marsland,Glees及Erikson的石蜡镀银法染色;另取9只切断脊髓后7天至69天的小脑蚓部用Marcki法染色,追踪下胸部和腰骶部的脊髓小脑束在小脑蚓部的分布及其末梢形态。2.从下胸部和腰骶部来的脊髓小脑束终止在蚓部的Ⅱ叶(中央叶的腹侧小叶)和Ⅲ叶(中央叶的背侧小叶)最多,前者略多于后者。有较多的纤维分布到Ⅴ叶(山顶的背侧小叶)和Ⅷ叶(蚓锥体)。只有少量的纤维终止在Ⅰ叶(小脑舌),Ⅳ叶(山顶的腹侧小叶)、Ⅵa叶(山坡的背侧小叶)。很少的纤维进入Ⅵb叶(山坡的中间小叶)、Ⅶa、Ⅶb叶(蚓结节)和Ⅸa、Ⅸb、Ⅸc、Ⅸd叶(蚓垂)。偶而也看见极少的脊髓小脑纤维终止在X叶(蚓小结)和小脑核。只在Ⅵe叶(山坡的腹侧小叶)没有发现溃变的纤维。脊髓小脑纤维主要终止在同侧的蚓部,部分也交叉到对侧。3.脊髓小脑纤维的神经末梢形成苔状纤维。在手术后12小时少数苔状纤维的神经末梢开始显示增粗和嗜银性增强。手术后72小时到达最高峰。溃变的早期特征是嗜银性增强和肿胀,部分神经末梢形成小环状或线球状,大多数形成不规则弯曲的棒状肿大,或带有短的分枝。溃变的神经末梢在手术后5天已显著减少,并显示颗粒层内纤维排列的疏松。4.神经未梢溃变的方法是中枢神经系追踪神经元之间联系较好的一种方法,特别适合于研究终止点较集中的传导束,能够弥补Marchi法染色的一些缺陷。

 
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