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  in distal
     Thepositive expression of IGF-lRmRNA, IGF-1R in normal kidn ey tissues was mostly located in distal convoluted tubules.
     正常肾组织中IGF-1mRNA、IGF-1的表达主要分布在远端肾小管及集合管,IGF-1RmRNA、IGF-1R的表达主要分布在近端肾小管。
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     In normal kidney tissues, the positive ex pression of IGF-1 mRNA, IGF-1 was located in distal tubule and collective tube ,while IGF-1R mRNA, IGF-1R mostly located in proximal tubule.
     正常肾组织中IGF-1mRNA、IGF-1的表达主要分布在远端肾小管及集合管,而IGF-1RmRNA、IGF-1R在近端肾小管表达阳性。
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     The time was delayed 0.7~35.8(median 6.3)ms. 19.5% MES were only seen in proximal channel but not in distal channel.
     80.5%的MES在二个取样深度依次显示,时间延迟为0.7~35.8(中位数6.3)ms,19.5%的MES仅见于近端通道,而在远端通道未能显示。
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     Results Increased expression of NGF were observed in distal ends after end-to-side anastomosis, and on more expression of NGF in proximal ends was also observed.
     结果:端侧吻合后近端神经NGF表达未见显著增强,而在远端的表达则显著增强。
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     The results revaled that the I cells could be found in distal nephron segmemt from the end part of distal convoluted tubule to the first segment of inner medullary collecting duct.
     结果表明,I细胞分布在远端小管曲部末段、连接小管、皮质内集合小管,髓质外带集合小管和髓质内带集合小管始段。
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     Voice acquisition module consists of a 16bit high speed DSP chip(TMS320VC5402) and a voice processing chip(MC14LC548), and uses DSP to control Ethernet controller 8019 to realize voice transmission, monitor the on-off state and the field playback function of system can be controlled by long-distance PC directly.
     语音采集模块由TI公司的 16位高速DSP芯片TMS320VC5402和语音处理芯片MC14LC5480组成,语音传输模块由DSP控制以太网控制器 8019通过双绞线连接到远端PC来完成,能在远端PC上控制监控的启停及现场回放。
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     Application of C8051F MCU in the Remote Supervisory and Control Unit
     C8051F单片机在远端测控装置中的应用
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     A rabbit thrombosis model wasestablished by producing a blood clot in an isolated femoral artery segment withendothelial damage and distal stenosis. 21 New Zealand white rabbits wererandomized into 4 groups treated with saline(n=3), r-Sak(0.3mg/kg, n=6), low doseof DGR (0.15 mg/kg, n=6) and high dose of DGR(0.3 mg/kg, n=6) respectively.
     新西兰白兔 21 只,在远端狭窄和内皮损伤的股动脉注入凝血酶诱导血栓形成,分生理盐水组(n=3)、r-Sak 组(0.3 mg/kg,n=6)、DGR 低剂量组(0.15mg/kg,n=6)和 DGR 高剂量组(0.3 mg/kg,n=6)给药。
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     Further analysis showed that the frequency of GSTT1 null genotype was also higher in the patients with distal colitis than thatin the cases with total colitis (71.8% vs 31.3%, P = 0.002, OR=5.408, 95%CI: 1.698-17.231).
     根据UC临床特征进一步分层分析,GSTT1(-)基因型在远端UC中的分布频率高于广泛结肠UC(71.8%vs31.3%,P=0.002);
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     RESULTS: RER was found in 13 cases (8 in the proximal colon, 5 in the distal colorectum), and 5 of them showed mutations of the RII gene.
     结果 :RER +的共有 13例 (8例在近端 ,5例在远端 ) ,RII基因突变的共有 5例。
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  相似匹配句对
     distal latency;
     远端潜伏期;
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     Treatment of distal radial fracture
     桡骨远端骨折的治疗
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     The Implementation of A Multimedia Distant Learning System Over Internet
     多媒体远端教学系统INTERNET上的实现
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     Role of distal stomach in the gastric emptying of non-nutrient liquid
     远端非营养液排空中的作用
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  in distal
During the examination multiple hookworms 5 to 10 mm long were visualized in distal ileum.
      
Fracture or Variation in Distal Phalanx of the First Toe
      
Pigmented casts in distal convoluted tubules, mild interstitial inflammatory infiltrate and mesangial enlargement of some glomeruli were observed in kidney biopsies.
      
Most of the advances in distal gastric adenocarcinoma are in its etiology and pathogenesis.
      
The diagnostic yield of EUS combined with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is excellent, especially in distal bile duct strictures, and far surpasses endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with brushings.
      
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With regard to the relation between the eye cup formation from primary optic vesicle and the presumptive lens ectoderm, the viewpoints were not consistent among investigators. One view held that while the early development of the eye cup was independent of the lens, its further growth was deeply influenced by it (Spemann; '38, P. 56). Another view held that the specificty of the distal wall (the presumptive retina area) of the primary optic vesicle became fixed only when it came in contact with the presumptive...

With regard to the relation between the eye cup formation from primary optic vesicle and the presumptive lens ectoderm, the viewpoints were not consistent among investigators. One view held that while the early development of the eye cup was independent of the lens, its further growth was deeply influenced by it (Spemann; '38, P. 56). Another view held that the specificty of the distal wall (the presumptive retina area) of the primary optic vesicle became fixed only when it came in contact with the presumptive lens ectoderm (Dragomirow, '35). The question whether the transformation of the eye cup from the primary optic vesicle is independent of the lens, or whether the fixation of the retina of the eye cup is dependent upon its contact with the presumptive lens ectoderm remains to be proved. It is stated in literatures that the isolated parts of the eye vesicle after transplantation might differentiate into braintissues (Dragomirow, '33; '60), and the isolated eye vesicles under cultivation in salt solut- ion might differentiate into eyetissues as well as braintissues ('46). Thus there arises the question, does the primary optic vesicle possess dual potency both for the eye formation and the braintissue differentiation? In order to solve the problem, two sets of experiments viz. the transplantation and the extirpation experiments are adopted. In the transplantation experiments the primary optic vesicles of embryos at stage 16 of Rana nigromaculata and R. japonica is divided into distal-middle and proximal-thirds, each respectively is transplanted into the head and belly of another embryo of the same stage. In the extirpation experiments one third or two thirds of the material of the primary optic vesicles of embryos at stage 16 or 17 of R. nigromaculata and R. limnocharis are removed, and let the remnant to develop further with the presumptive lens ectoderm intact or without the presumptive lens ectoderm. The results of the grafting experiments (cf. Table 1) clearly demonstrate that the distal-thirds of the primary optic vesicles show the highest frequency in the regulation of eye cup formation (60.7%), but lowest in brain tissue differentiation (7.1%), while the proximal-thirds exhibit the highest frequency in brain tissue differentiation (76.9%), but lowest in the regulation of eye cup formation (11.5%). The middle-thirds show a mean ratio of both eye cup formation (29.6%) and brain tissue differentiation (18.5%) between the two extremes. It seems that there appear two opposite gradients, one for eye cup formation with the apical point at the distal-thirds gradually weakened dawn towards the proximal part, aud the other for brain tissue differentiation with the apical point at the proximal-thirds weakened down towards the distal part. This agrees with the view of ('60, P. 115), who suggested that the brain could develop from the apical part of the material of an early eye cup, but its morphogenetic potency and size could be strengthened progressively towards its basal part. Based on the results of our experiments as well as on literatures that the material of eye rudiments from the stages of open medullary plate up to that of early eye cup can differentiate into brain tissues (Alderman. '35; Dragomirow, '33; Лопашов, '46, Vennecof, '47, a, b,), it has been shown that the eye rudiment possesses dual potency of morphogenesis both for eye formation and brain tissue differentiation. The results of the experiments of extirpation are as follows (cf. table 2). When the distal-thirds together with the middle-thirds of the primary optic vesicles from embryo at stage 16 are excised, or when the proximal-thirds together with the middle-thirds of the vesicles from embryo at stage 17 are excised, provided the presumptive lens ectoderm is intact, the remnants are either the proximal-thirds in the first case, or the distal-thirds in the second case, they always regulate to form well-organized eye cups. However, when both the distal-and the middle-thirds of the vesicles from embryo at stage 17 are excised, provided the presumptive lens ectoderm is also extirpated, no eye cup is formed from the surviving proximal-thirds. The results of the above experiments showy that the presumptive lens ectoderm exerts a definite influence upon the eye cup formation from the substances of the primary optic vesicles. It also agrees with the fact that a secondary eye cup can be produced from the tapetum of the primary eye cup through the inducing action of the presumptive lens ectoderm (Dragomtrow, '39) If only the distal-thirds of the eye vesicles are excised, the substances of the remaining two-thirds, inspire of the absence of the lens anlage, can regulate to form wellorganized eye cups. This shows that the regulation of eye. cups from fragments of eye vesicles depends upon the quantity of the eye-forming substances, and not upon the influence of the lens anlage, though the latter exerts influence upon the eye vesicles to promote eye cup formation. If the eye-forming material is not sufficient to regulate to form an eye, there will be no way to form an eye cup. This is exactly the view of Dragomirow ('33). Basing on the above account, we come to the conclusion that in any way the presumptive lens ectoderm certainly can exert influence upon the eye vesicles in promoting the formation of eye cups, especially when the material is insufficient, and the regulation of eye cups from fragments of vesicles is dependent upon the presence of sufficient material, but not upon the lens anlage. The conclusion follows that either after the distal-thirds together with the middle-thirds or after the middle-thirds together with the proximal-thirds of the primary optic vesicles are excised, the brain wall together with the remaining material under the stimulation of the presumptive lens ectoderm forms an eye cup. This proves that the presumptive lens ectoderm not only excites the eye-forming material to promote the eye cup formation, but also invokes the embryonic brain walls to take part in the organization of the eye. Thus on the one hand the eye-forming material can differentiate into brain tissues, on the other hand the embryonic brain tissues can also form eyes, they both have the potency for eye formation and brain formation.

通过移植和切除的试验结果,证明蛙胚眼泡的远、中、近三部分都有调整成眼杯和分化为脑组织的可能,因而确定眼泡是一个具有双重发生潛能的原基。试验並发现眼泡的这种发生潛能表现出两端不同的极性,呈现出方向相反的两个级度,成眼最高点在远端而成脑最高点在近端。试验又证明预定水晶体外胚层的接触诱导确有促进眼泡材料转变眼杯的作用。但另一方面亦表明在成眼材料足够时,卽使没有预定水晶体存在亦有可能调整成眼杯。(不过在后一情形仍须考虑到由四周生拢弥合的外胚层在接触眼泡材料后,有转变为次生预定水晶体的可能,因而或许仍可由它发生影响。)从试验中发见预定水晶体外胚层又能激发蛙胚间脑产生出眼。最后根据眼泡能分化脑和间脑能产生眼的事实,表明眼泡与间脑对於发生眼与脑都没有到最后决定而是在可变性决定阶段。

Specific diagnosis.—Ostertagia: Male 7.4—8.5 mm. long by 0.12—0.16 mm. in maximum thickness just in front of bursa. The dorsal ray is about 0.084—0.0925 mm. in length. Dorsal ray bifurcating and from about the same level of bifurcation giving off on either side one lateral branch. Each inner trunk near its middle has a short branch on its outer side, and near the tip a short branch on the inner side. Spicules long, 0.285 to 0.375 mm. in length, yellowish-brown in color and rather delicate in structure, split...

Specific diagnosis.—Ostertagia: Male 7.4—8.5 mm. long by 0.12—0.16 mm. in maximum thickness just in front of bursa. The dorsal ray is about 0.084—0.0925 mm. in length. Dorsal ray bifurcating and from about the same level of bifurcation giving off on either side one lateral branch. Each inner trunk near its middle has a short branch on its outer side, and near the tip a short branch on the inner side. Spicules long, 0.285 to 0.375 mm. in length, yellowish-brown in color and rather delicate in structure, split lengthwise in the posterior fourth to form three terminal processes. The three processes are of about equal length, the externo-ventral process being the thickest of the three. Female unknown. Host.—Ovis aries. Location.—Abomasum. Locality collected.—Tibet, China.

作者在寄生于西藏綿羊的奧斯特綫虫中发現一新种,定名为中华奧斯特綫虫O. sinensis n. sp.,新种以下列特征区別于其他奧斯特綫虫.1)雄虫体长7.40—8.50毫米,最大寬度为0.12—0.16毫米。2)交合繖的背肋长0.084—0.0925毫米,在背肋远端1/3处向左右各生出一个細长的側枝,在此同一水平綫上或稍偏下方的內側,再次分为两个主內側枝,每个主內側枝的中央附近各有一較短的外侧枝,主內側枝的末端部向外侧弯曲,其內側又有一短小的內側枝。3)交合刺长,长0.285—0.375毫米,在远端1/4处分为近于等长的三个分枝。

The radiologic manifestations andpathologic bases of postoperative ob-straction of LPCBD studied by T-tubecholangiogrgphy in 59 cases are repo-rted.The filling defects of convexand concave surfaces represented theobstractions of LPCBD which wereresulted from the single and multiplestones.The convex surface with alinear shadow at the distal end ofthe LPCBD represented the simpleinflammatory stenosis of Oddi's sphi-ncter,and a narrow V shaped shadowsuggested the stenosis of the wholeLPCBD.since the spasm of Oddi's...

The radiologic manifestations andpathologic bases of postoperative ob-straction of LPCBD studied by T-tubecholangiogrgphy in 59 cases are repo-rted.The filling defects of convexand concave surfaces represented theobstractions of LPCBD which wereresulted from the single and multiplestones.The convex surface with alinear shadow at the distal end ofthe LPCBD represented the simpleinflammatory stenosis of Oddi's sphi-ncter,and a narrow V shaped shadowsuggested the stenosis of the wholeLPCBD.since the spasm of Oddi's sphincter is lack of characteristicsigns,it is rather hard to make acorrect diagnosis and the reexamina-tion as well as the dynamic observa-tion are considered necessary.

本文报告59例胆道手术后胆总管下段梗阻经T 形管造影所见,并探讨其病因。发现胆总管下段结石梗阻分别为凹面和凸面内多数充盈缺损表现。单纯Oddi 氏括约肌炎性狭窄表现为凸面形,常在远端见到高密度线状影;整个下段狭窄表现为削尖形。Oddi 氏括约肌痉挛缺乏特征性,对此诊断需多加分析,必要时作动态观察或复查,以作出正确的判断。

 
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