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     A Brief Talk on Sustainable Developm ent of China' s Enterprises in Resource Excavation
     浅谈我国资源采掘型企业的可持续发展
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     The paper points out that efficient macro regulation,optimized structure o f professional work,organization o f enterprise groups and strengthening of management and tec hnology innovation are an effective route for the sustainable developme nt of China' s enterprises in resource excavation.
     本文指出:搞好宏观调控,进一步优化资源采掘型企业的业务构成,组建企业集团,实现强强联合,加快走出去的步伐,实施人才战略,强化管理创新和技术创新,是我国资源采掘型企业实现可持续发展的有效途径。
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     Concerning the three levels of trade in resource environment property right market, namely primary property right definition, trade right regulation and trade system arrangement, this paper makes a comprehensive study of the approaches to optimize the building of China's resource environment property right market. It puts forward the following three continuous yet progressive strategies for system reformation: 1. The establishment of the system pattern of marketable resource environment property right;
     本文从资源环境产权市场交易的三个层次 ,即初始产权界定、交易权规定和交易制度安排上综合研究我国资源环境产权市场的制度优化建设途径 ,提出三步连续而渐进的制度改变策略 :第一 ,建立市场化的资源环境公共产权规制模式 ;
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     By analyzing the geographical location of this railway, and its important role in resource import, economic development, foreign trade, international cooperation, etc. , the necessity of constructing this railway is illustrated.
     通过分析中吉乌铁路的地理位置,及其对我国资源输入、经济发展、对外贸易及国际合作等方面的重要作用,阐述了建设中吉乌铁路的必要性。
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  “我国资源”译为未确定词的双语例句
     And its development willcontribute to resources environment’s alleviation and human and natural’s harmonious development.
     循环经济的发展,将从根本上缓解我国资源环境压力,实现人与自然和谐发展。
短句来源
     The main aspects of resource-based city studies in China are summarized in this paper: the cause of formation of problem, mechanism, transformation of city and its industry, urbanization and urban spatial development, social development, studies of overseas.
     本文从资源型城市问题的成因及其机理、城市转型、经济转型、资源型区域的城市化与城市空间发展、社会发展以及对国外资源型城市的研究几个方面总结了我国资源型城市目前的主要研究观点。
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     The characteristics of resource utilization and environmental impact of China in 1990—2003 were analyzed by the derived indicators of economy-wide material flow analysis(EW-MFA) on the base of the analysis of more than(2 600) items of data on resource utilization and environmental impact at national level.
     运用经济系统物质流分析方法(economy-wide material flow analysis,EW-MFA),分析1990—2003年我国国家层面资源利用与环境影响的2 600多个数据,得出1990—2003年间我国资源利用和环境影响特征.
短句来源
     Fourth, it puts forward the resource tax frame on the following aspects: making lows on resources, setting up resource quota system, building pay for resource system and the secondary resource market.
     在此基础上,从资源立法、资源配额制度的建立、资源有偿取得制度的建立、资源开采权二级市场的建立、交易程序的设计、资源耗竭补偿制度的建立等几个方面描绘了我国资源税费制度经济体系的框架。
短句来源
     Based on the foreign cities' trasformation models, the paper discusses the transformation route in our country by analyzing the characteristics and development stages of resources-based cities.
     本文通过对我国资源型城市特点与阶段的分析,在借鉴国外资源型城市转型模式的基础上,对我国资源型城市转型的路径进行了分析探讨。
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  相似匹配句对
     AMBER RESOURCES IN CHINA
     我国的琥珀资源
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     THE NATURAL RESOURCES OF GALLNUTS IN CHINA
     我国的五倍子资源
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     RESOURCE
     资源
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  in resource
The results clearly showed their interspecific relationships and their differences in resource utilization.
      
This suggested that the individuals of different age-classes were interdistributed, by which the population could get benefits in resource utilization.
      
The traditional niche-assembly theory asserts that species live together in a community only when they differ from one another in resource uses.
      
Eco-security assessment is a hot research area in resource and environmental science, which involves data with much spatial, non-linear, and random features.
      
Analyses have shown that the export-oriented development of production processes in resource supplying sectors of the economy promoted the formation of an import-oriented investment model.
      
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我们根据我国的资源情况以及耐热性物理的理论,在1956年提出了一个发展耐热合金的新方向——铁—钨—硅系统。提出这一合金系统的最主要用意在于:(1)希望集中更大的注意力来发展象钨这类难熔金属耐热合金,这样可以根本的提高许可的工作温度。(2)希望集中更多的注意力研究铁素体合金,我们认为铁素体合金将与奥氏体合金一样成为优良的耐热合金。我们在不长的时间内对铁—钨—硅系统进行了一些研究,虽然尚不够全面和仔细,但完全肯定了这一系统的意义,它是有前途的,可能成为我国自己的高温合金系统之一。目前应该努力使这一系统的合金尽快的用到我国的工业中去。

The basic oxygen steel-making process is another important technical revolution following the Bessemer process and the Thomas process. It is now playing a vital part in the steel industry in countries like West European countries, Japan, etc. After taking stock of the present steel production and modern development in several leading countries and after comparing various kinds of oxygen steel-making processes, the author points out that the basic oxygen steel-making process is the main trend in steel production...

The basic oxygen steel-making process is another important technical revolution following the Bessemer process and the Thomas process. It is now playing a vital part in the steel industry in countries like West European countries, Japan, etc. After taking stock of the present steel production and modern development in several leading countries and after comparing various kinds of oxygen steel-making processes, the author points out that the basic oxygen steel-making process is the main trend in steel production from now on. In his thesis, the author compares by illustrations the basic oxygen process and the open-hearth process in the following respectsthe methods of operation, the suitability of raw materials, the total yield, production costs, and the investments in basic construction. He also points out with emphasis that the basic oxygen process surpasses the open-hearth process in the kinds of products and their quality. He takes into considerations of the resources and the conditions of production of our country, and gives his personal opinion at the end of his thesis: The question of making immediate use of oxygen is on the programme today. The rapid development of oxygen steel-making should become one of the significant measures to push forward the production of the whole industry.

碱性氧气轉炉炼鋼法是继貝士麦炼鋼法和托馬斯炼鋼法之后又一次重要的技术革命,已經在若干国家如西欧国家、日本等炼鋼工业中起着巨大的作用。作者从世界上几个主要产鋼国家现时生产和发展的形势,在比較了不同类型的氧气炼鋼方法后指出:碱性氧气轉炉冶炼是今后炼鋼的一个主要发展方向。文中作者用实例就碱性氧气轉炉的操作方法、原料的适应性、金属收得率、产品成本以及基建投资等方面与平炉作了对比,并着重指出:碱性氧气轉炉鋼在品种和质量方面与平炉鋼相比較,实有过之而无不及。作者結合我国资源和生产情况,在文末提出个人意見,认为:氧气在我国冶金工业中的加速使用已經提到日程上来。加速发展氧气炼鋼应成为进一步推动整个工业生产的重大措施之一。

Tungsten-alloyed white cast irons based on the natural recourse of our own is a latest abrasion-resistant material. The work shop running test shows that the life of the component parts of a gravel pump (such as impellor, liner) made of these alloys is much the same as, or even longer than that of the Cr/Ni/Mo white cast irons abroad. High tungsten as—cast white iron impellors PSV having been tested in The Beijing Jiaqi Cement Plant, a good deal of success has been achieved, This is due to using the high alloying...

Tungsten-alloyed white cast irons based on the natural recourse of our own is a latest abrasion-resistant material. The work shop running test shows that the life of the component parts of a gravel pump (such as impellor, liner) made of these alloys is much the same as, or even longer than that of the Cr/Ni/Mo white cast irons abroad. High tungsten as—cast white iron impellors PSV having been tested in The Beijing Jiaqi Cement Plant, a good deal of success has been achieved, This is due to using the high alloying additions which result in a structure of martensite and sorbite matrix with a high hardness phrase M_6C~- inserted in it. To really understand the structure of white east irons, the high tungsten alloyed in particular, the samples achieved under conditions of quenching or partial quenching of molten metal drops, heat—treating have been investigated experimentally. Study has been made of the morphologies, phrases and formation of the structure of carbides, the growth of primary phrase M_6C and crystallization phenomena in tungsten alloyed white cast irons. Here of the experimental results and the conclutions are presented. The conclusions of this paper are as follow crystallization of high tungsten cast irons is according the metastable-equilibrium system; the primary phrase is M_6C (Fe_4W_2C or Fe_3W_3C); the binary eutectic is (M_6C+γ); the ternary eutectic is (M_6C+γ+M_3C). This paper also shows the growth, twins, the sub—structure and the banded structure of the primary phrase M_6C

钨系白口抗磨铸铁是立足我国资源条件的一种新型抗磨材料。用它制造的金属杂质泵件(叶轮和护板)现场运转试验结果表明,分别接近和达到国外相应的Cr—Ni—Mo合金的抗磨铸铁的使用寿命。尤其是高钨铸铁(W:20~25%)所制的PSV叶轮在北京加气混凝土厂的对比试验中,寿命高达3732小时,达到了2000小时的攻关寿命要求。所以获得如此优异的抗磨性能是由于采取了高合金化措施,获得了以M_6C为主的高硬相并且是镶嵌在马氏体+少量索氏体+残余奥氏的基体上的组织的结果。由于组织的复杂和多样性,所查有关Fe—W—C状态图又差别颇大,为对钨系铸铁,特别是高钨铸铁的组织有所认识我们通过对液淬、半液淬、铸态、热处理及不同冷却速度条件下所获得的工艺试样进行了金相,显微硬度法,X光衍射棺结构等分析法,对钨系铸铁的碳化物形态,相结构,组织的形成,初生M_6C的生长及一些结晶现象提出部分粗浅的实验结果及认识,确定了(C3.0%W>20%)在铸造条件下高钨铸铁是按介稳定状态进行结晶的,初生相为M_6C(Fe_4W_2C或Fe_3W_3C)、二元共晶为M_6C+γ、三元共晶为M_6C+γ+M_3C。根据实验提出了初生M_6C的结晶长...

钨系白口抗磨铸铁是立足我国资源条件的一种新型抗磨材料。用它制造的金属杂质泵件(叶轮和护板)现场运转试验结果表明,分别接近和达到国外相应的Cr—Ni—Mo合金的抗磨铸铁的使用寿命。尤其是高钨铸铁(W:20~25%)所制的PSV叶轮在北京加气混凝土厂的对比试验中,寿命高达3732小时,达到了2000小时的攻关寿命要求。所以获得如此优异的抗磨性能是由于采取了高合金化措施,获得了以M_6C为主的高硬相并且是镶嵌在马氏体+少量索氏体+残余奥氏的基体上的组织的结果。由于组织的复杂和多样性,所查有关Fe—W—C状态图又差别颇大,为对钨系铸铁,特别是高钨铸铁的组织有所认识我们通过对液淬、半液淬、铸态、热处理及不同冷却速度条件下所获得的工艺试样进行了金相,显微硬度法,X光衍射棺结构等分析法,对钨系铸铁的碳化物形态,相结构,组织的形成,初生M_6C的生长及一些结晶现象提出部分粗浅的实验结果及认识,确定了(C3.0%W>20%)在铸造条件下高钨铸铁是按介稳定状态进行结晶的,初生相为M_6C(Fe_4W_2C或Fe_3W_3C)、二元共晶为M_6C+γ、三元共晶为M_6C+γ+M_3C。根据实验提出了初生M_6C的结晶长大过程以及M_6C的双晶、亚结构组织及带状构造。

 
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