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  load versus
     Research on applied calculation method of load versus deformation relation curve of CFST subjected to axial compression and pure bending
     钢管混凝土轴压与纯弯荷载—变形关系曲线实用计算方法研究
短句来源
     The computational load versus deflection curves agree with the test results.
     计算得到的荷载—挠度曲线基本吻合试验曲线。
短句来源
     Form the result of static load tests for single pile, the shape of load versus sinking curve, the distribution of axial force along piles body and the function of friction resistance force around piles for under reamed bore piles with large diameter taking gravel ground as support of piles end are studied. At the same time, some researches are also paid on its bearing capacity.
     根据单桩静载荷试验的结果 ,分析了以卵石层为桩端持力层的大直径挖孔扩底桩的荷载—沉降曲线类型、桩身轴力的分布特征及桩侧摩阻力的发挥性状 ,并对其承载性能进行了研究。
短句来源
     Relation curves of the moment versus curvature and the lateral load versus lateral displacement of concrete-filled circular steel members are calculated by using numerical method,and the calculating results agree well with experimental results.
     采用数值方法计算了圆钢管混凝土构件的弯矩—曲率及水平荷载—水平位移滞回关系曲线,理论计算结果与试验结果吻合较好。
短句来源
     Based on the investigations for influence of several parameters on hysteretic curves of circular steel tubes,such as,the axial load level,slenderness ratio, steel ratio, strength of the materials,etc,hysteretic models for the moment versus curvature relationship, the lateral load versus lateral displacement relationship and simplified formula of ductility coefficient are suggested.
     在系统考察了轴压比、长细比、含钢率、钢材屈服强度和混凝土强度等参数对圆钢管混凝土构件滞回曲线骨架线影响规律的基础上,提出了弯矩—曲率和水平荷载—水平位移滞回关系模型以及位移延性系数的简化确定方法。
短句来源
  “荷载—”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Thevalue of strain modulus Ev is the slope of secant from 0.3 σ1max (the most stress of thefirst load) to 0.7σ1max of the stress-subside quantity curve.
     变形模量Ev是圆形承载板试验的荷载—沉降曲线上两个特定荷载点(0.3σ1max(第一次加载的最大应力)和0.7σ1max)之间的割线斜率。
短句来源
     By the axial compress experimentation of GFRP-Concrete circular tube slender columns,the load-strain curve and failure modes,the regulation of poisson's ratio,force stages,displacement performance,and entire capacity of tube column are analyzed.
     通过对GFRP混凝土圆形管长柱的轴心受压试验研究,分析了荷载—应变关系曲线和破坏形态,GFRP混凝土圆形管柱的泊松比变化规律,GFRP混凝土圆形管柱的受力阶段,以及管柱的整体承载力及变形性能。
短句来源
     The failure process and mode has been observed, and load-displacement curves,cracking and ultimate load, and the strain of longitudinal and transverse steels have been recorded.
     试验中,观测了试件的破坏全过程及破坏形态等,记录了荷载—位移滞回曲线、开裂荷载、极限荷载、箍筋和纵筋的应变等数据。
短句来源
     Modules of parameterized design and Load-Structure calculation are completed.
     完成了参数化设计和荷载—结构法计算,正在开发地层—结构法计算功能。
短句来源
     The abnormal deformation or local damage of steel structure can be reflected by the load-deflection curve and the deflection curve of the longitudinal axis.
     钢结构的异常变形或局部损坏可通过荷载—挠度曲线以及纵轴线的挠度曲线反映出来。
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  相似匹配句对
     Hydredynamic loads;
     水动力荷载
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     Ultimate Load Sustained by Arch Dam
     拱坝的极限荷载
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  load versus
The measured load versus strain curves for both the steel plate and the concrete of the strengthened beam were plotted.
      
Load versus number of cycles (P-N) curves were generated using these specimens at three different load ratios (R), namely 0.1, 0.5 and 0.9, at a cyclic frequency of 150 Hz.
      
Numerical simulations combined with analytical results predict hysteretic behavior in the overall end-load versus end-displacement diagram for both models.
      
Test were conducted in uniaxial tension on notched composite mortar prisms in order to plot load versus crack opening curves and evaluate the bridging energy provided by the fibers across a single opening crack.
      
The relative effects of purging of the genetic load versus thefixation of deleterious alleles, under inbreeding, will influencea population's probability of extinction.
      
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Once the configuration of a rigid frame (including the lengths, crosssections, supporting connections, etc. of all its bars) has been laid out, there exists one set of frame constants, which expresses the elastic characteristics of the frame, and, therefore, is independent of its loading condition. By employing these frame constants, not only the computations of the end moments of all the bars under any one loading condition are greatly simplified, but also, when the frame is to be analyzed under several loading...

Once the configuration of a rigid frame (including the lengths, crosssections, supporting connections, etc. of all its bars) has been laid out, there exists one set of frame constants, which expresses the elastic characteristics of the frame, and, therefore, is independent of its loading condition. By employing these frame constants, not only the computations of the end moments of all the bars under any one loading condition are greatly simplified, but also, when the frame is to be analyzed under several loading conditions, the computations related and not related to loading are distinctly separated, and, therefore, the repeated portion of computations for each loading condition, unavoidable otherwise, is entirely eliminated. As most of the rigid frames encountered in practice have to be analyzed always under many loading conditions, the practical superiority of the methods employing frame constants over other methods is thus obvious.

任一刚構之形式(包括共中各桿之長度,截面,及支承等情形)既經擬定之後,該剛構即有一套表示共彈性特質而與其荷載無關之刚構常數存在。採用此項剛構常數,不但其在任一荷載情形之下桿端力矩計算,大大簡化,而且在多種荷載情形下進行分析時,可將其与荷載無關及有關之二部份計算完全分开,因此省去他種分析法在每一種荷載情形下所必須重複之部份計算。實用之剛構,既常須在多種荷載情形下進行分析,故採用剛構常数分析法在實用中之優越性,至為顯明。採用剛構常数之分析法太約以立特(Wilhelm Ritter)教授之定點法為最早,而於表示剛構常數之各種方式中,亦以定點位置最為簡明,最為基本。本文首先指出:於任一剛構中,每桿之左右兩端各有一個而且祇有一个有獨立性之基本剛構常數,其計算係二個各向左右進行不相牽涉之步驟,但為計算剛構常數本身及桿端力矩之便利计,常須於每桿之左右二端,各另加計算一個無獨立性之輔助剛構常數,惟此外並不需要任何其他第三個剛構常数。恰於廿年以前,我國林同棪教授在國內外發表其力矩一次分配法(林氏原稱其法為“直接力矩分配法”,似欠妥),採用桿端之“約束剛度係數”(restraining rigidity factor),“修正傳...

任一刚構之形式(包括共中各桿之長度,截面,及支承等情形)既經擬定之後,該剛構即有一套表示共彈性特質而與其荷載無關之刚構常數存在。採用此項剛構常數,不但其在任一荷載情形之下桿端力矩計算,大大簡化,而且在多種荷載情形下進行分析時,可將其与荷載無關及有關之二部份計算完全分开,因此省去他種分析法在每一種荷載情形下所必須重複之部份計算。實用之剛構,既常須在多種荷載情形下進行分析,故採用剛構常数分析法在實用中之優越性,至為顯明。採用剛構常数之分析法太約以立特(Wilhelm Ritter)教授之定點法為最早,而於表示剛構常數之各種方式中,亦以定點位置最為簡明,最為基本。本文首先指出:於任一剛構中,每桿之左右兩端各有一個而且祇有一个有獨立性之基本剛構常數,其計算係二個各向左右進行不相牽涉之步驟,但為計算剛構常數本身及桿端力矩之便利计,常須於每桿之左右二端,各另加計算一個無獨立性之輔助剛構常數,惟此外並不需要任何其他第三個剛構常数。恰於廿年以前,我國林同棪教授在國內外發表其力矩一次分配法(林氏原稱其法為“直接力矩分配法”,似欠妥),採用桿端之“約束剛度係數”(restraining rigidity factor),“修正傳遞係數”(modified carry-over factor),及“修正勁度”(modified stiffness)為

It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter...

It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter of principle, the point of application should never be slighted while the obliquity of the earth pressure could only have a value that is compatible with the conditions for equilibrium. (2) If the point of application of the soil reaction is taken into account in the problem, the sliding wedge would only tend to slide either on the plane of sliding or on the surface of wall but not on both at the same time, thus frustrating the very conceptidn of sliding wedge upon which Coulomb's Theory is founded. (3) The above discrepancies arise from the fact that the shape of the surface of sliding should be curvilinear in order to make the wedge tend to slide as desired, while Coulomb, however, adopted a plane surface instead. (4) Coulomb, in finding the plane of sliding, made use of the maximum earth pressure on the wall (for active pressure), which refers to the different magnitudes of pressure corresponding to different assumed inclinations of the plane of sliding. But from the relation between the yield of wall and amount of pressure, this maximum value is really the minimum pressure on the wall, which it is the purpose of the theory to find. In engineering books, however, this terminology of maximum pressure has caused considerable confusion, with the result that what is really the minimum pressure is carelessly taken as the maximum design load for the wall. How can a minimum load be used in a design?This paper also attempts to clarify some contended points in Rankine's Theory: (1) It is claimed by Prof. Terzaghi that Rankine's Theory is only a fallacy because of the yield of wall and that of the soil mass on its bed. This charge is unjust as it can be compared with Coulomb's Theory in the same respect. (2) Some books declare that Rankine's Theory is good only for walls with vertical back, but it is proved in this paper that this is not so. (3) It is also generally believed that Rankine's Theory is applicable only to wall surfaces with no friction. This is likewise taken by this paper as unfounded and illustration is given whereby, in this regard, Rankine's Theory is even better than Coulomb's, because it contains no contradiction, as does Coulomb's.

本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。...

本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。(2)有些工程書中認為朗金理論是專為垂直的墙?

The gabled lean-to mill bent is an irregular rigid frame. The classical methods, e. g., the method of least work, slope-deflection, etc., for the analysis of the rigid frame are too tedious to be accepted, because they are not only dependent on the solution of simultaneous equations, but also the difficulty in establishing the equations. The method of moment distribution for computing the stresses of the same structure is also tedious because there are a great number of joint rotations and displacements involving...

The gabled lean-to mill bent is an irregular rigid frame. The classical methods, e. g., the method of least work, slope-deflection, etc., for the analysis of the rigid frame are too tedious to be accepted, because they are not only dependent on the solution of simultaneous equations, but also the difficulty in establishing the equations. The method of moment distribution for computing the stresses of the same structure is also tedious because there are a great number of joint rotations and displacements involving in the gabled lean-to mill bents.A new method, symmetry-antisymmetry method, for computing the stresses in symmetrical gabled lean-to mill bents is presented in this paper. The foundamental conception of this method is to determine the shape constants and load constants of the unsymmetrical Γ-shaped frame as a whole and to treat it as a single member in the analysis.

關於披屋廠房排架的應力分析,目前已有不少切實可行的方法。但以這類排架內部組織的特殊,一般通用的基本方法,多不能為實際工作者赢得時間和精力的充分節約。本文目的,在提供一個分析對稱式斜頂披屋廠房拂架的簡便方法,予以適當修正,並可推廣應用於其他各種類型的披屋廠房排架。本法的主要特點是將排架中具有“Γ”形的曲桿當作一個基本構件,從而求出這個基本構件在兩端結點角變和位移以及荷載作用下的“形常数”與“載常數”;並將不對稱荷載件成“對稱的”與“不對稱的”兩種情形,使在分析計算過程中必須考慮平衡的結點數目诚至最少程度。

 
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