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高氯
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  hypertonic chloride
    Observation of preventing nephrotoxicity of cisplatin using hypertonic chloride liquid
    高氯液体预防顺铂肾毒性的观察
短句来源
    Objective To observe the prevention of nephrotoxicity of cisplatin using hypertonic chloride liquid.
    目的 观察高氯液体对顺铂肾毒性的预防作用。
短句来源
    Methods 18 Patients with carcinoma were divided into Group A,receiving reformed hydration therapy and Group B,receiving hypertonic chloride liquid therapy. Urine β 2-microglobulin was measured as the index for nephrotoxicity.
    方法  18例癌症患者分别接受改良水化疗法 (A方案 )和接受高氯液体疗法 (B方案 ) ,每组各 9例 ,以尿 β2 微球蛋白的排泄量作为肾毒性的指标。
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  “高氯”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The concentrations of NAA andCre examined by in vivo and in vitro proton MRS conduce to discriminate between the normal brains and gliomas, and also between the low - grade and high - grade gliomas.
    组织标本经过高氯酸提取,低压冻干后,使用300MHz核磁共振谱仪,进行离体Proton MRS检测。
短句来源
    Conclusion: Fast infusion of normal saline and 50 g·L -1 glucose saline can result in hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis,while Ringer’s solution has little influence on acid-base balance.
    结论 :快速输注生理盐水 (9g/ L)和 5 0 g/ L 葡萄糖生理盐水可产生高氯性代谢性酸中毒 ,而复方醋酸钠平衡液对酸碱平衡的影响极小。
短句来源
    Methods; 18 pa-tients with carcinomas were divided into Group A, receiving hyperchrolide liquid hydration therapy and Group B, receiving hy-perchrolide liquid with antioxidants hydration therapy. There were 9 patients every group receiving cisplatin 60mg/ m2at 8-9am.
    方法:18例患者分成接受高氯液体水化疗法(A方案)和高氯液体加抗氧化剂水化疗法(B方案),每组各9例,上午8~9时给药,顺铂剂量均为60mg/m~2,3~4周后作第2周期化疗时交叉方案。
短句来源
    The 48 sufferers tissue samples of alimentary canal tumor were digested with HNO 3-HClO 4(7∶3) mixed acid. The 7 trace elements of calcium , magnesium, copper, zinc ,nickel, manganese, cadmium and in the solution were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.
    采用浓硝酸高氯酸混和酸 (HNO3 ∶HClO4=7:3)消化处理消化道肿瘤组织样品 4 8份 ,用火焰原子吸收光谱法测定了其中的Ca、Mg、Cu、Zn、Cd、Mn、Ni等 7种金属元素。
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Wereportpostoperativeefectsof23caseshavingtaperdterminalilealcontinenturinaryreservoirisreported.Theoperativetechniquewascharacterizedbytaperingtheterminalileumwithsta-plertoformacontinenteferenttract,segmentsofintestinewerecutopenandreformedapouch,andtheureterimplantationwasperformedbymeansofinsertingtheendofuretersintothepouch.Ileo-colonicpouchwesconstructedfor14patientsandcolonicpouchfor9patients.22patientswerefol-lowedupfor1to6yearsexceptonediedofcerebralhemorhage2weeksafteroperation.Urineconti-nencewereachievedinalpatientsandselfcatheterizationcouldbeeasilyundertakenwith20F~22Fcatheterin21.Dificultyincatheterizationwashappenedinoneearlycase.Oneyearafteroperation,themaximumvolumeoftheileocolonicpouchwas900ml~1000ml.Thebasalandintermitentpressureofthefilingpouchwas0.49kPa~1.96kParespectively.Themaximumvolumeofthecolonicpouchwas400ml~500ml.Thebasalandintermitentpresureofthefilingpouchofthecolonicpouchwas0.98kPa~1.96kPaand1.96kPa~3.93kParespectively.Thecomplicationofpouchoverdistentionwasfoundin6cases,pouchstoneformationin2andpouchinfectionin12episodes.Therewasnoevidenceofureteralobstructionorrefluxandsignificanthyperchloricacidosis.Itisrecognizedthattaperedtermi-nalileumisagoodwaytoconstructacontinenteferenttract,bothileocolonicpouchandcolonicpouchcanmeettheneedoflowinnerpouchpressuresolongastheintestineswerecutopenandreformed,andefortsmustbemadetopreventthecomplicationsofpouchoverdistension,stoneformationandpouchinfection....

Wereportpostoperativeefectsof23caseshavingtaperdterminalilealcontinenturinaryreservoirisreported.Theoperativetechniquewascharacterizedbytaperingtheterminalileumwithsta-plertoformacontinenteferenttract,segmentsofintestinewerecutopenandreformedapouch,andtheureterimplantationwasperformedbymeansofinsertingtheendofuretersintothepouch.Ileo-colonicpouchwesconstructedfor14patientsandcolonicpouchfor9patients.22patientswerefol-lowedupfor1to6yearsexceptonediedofcerebralhemorhage2weeksafteroperation.Urineconti-nencewereachievedinalpatientsandselfcatheterizationcouldbeeasilyundertakenwith20F~22Fcatheterin21.Dificultyincatheterizationwashappenedinoneearlycase.Oneyearafteroperation,themaximumvolumeoftheileocolonicpouchwas900ml~1000ml.Thebasalandintermitentpressureofthefilingpouchwas0.49kPa~1.96kParespectively.Themaximumvolumeofthecolonicpouchwas400ml~500ml.Thebasalandintermitentpresureofthefilingpouchofthecolonicpouchwas0.98kPa~1.96kPaand1.96kPa~3.93kParespectively.Thecomplicationofpouchoverdistentionwasfoundin6cases,pouchstoneformationin2andpouchinfectionin12episodes.Therewasnoevidenceofureteralobstructionorrefluxandsignificanthyperchloricacidosis.Itisrecognizedthattaperedtermi-nalileumisagoodwaytoconstructacontinenteferenttract,bothileocolonicpouchandcolonicpouchcanmeettheneedoflowinnerpouchpressuresolongastheintestineswerecutopenandreformed,andefortsmustbemadetopreventthecomplicationsofpouchoverdistension,stoneformationandpouchinfection.

作者报告23例缩窄末段回肠式可控性膀胱术的术后疗效。采用缝合器裁剪缩窄末段回肠形成输出道,回结肠或结肠剖开后重组成腔形成贮尿囊,输尿管末段插入贮尿囊作吻合。22例随访1~6年,其中回结肠贮尿囊13例,结肠贮尿囊9例。全部病例抗失禁效果良好,除1例发生插管困难外,均能用较粗的导尿管自行导尿。术后1年时,回结肠贮尿囊容量为900ml~1000ml,充盈压0.49kPa~1.96kPa,收缩波峰1.96kPa~2.74kPa;结肠贮尿囊容量为400ml~500ml,充盈压0.98kPa~1.96kPa,收缩波峰1.96kPa~3.93kPa。随访期间发现贮尿囊过度扩张6例,结石2例,感染12例次。未见输尿管梗阻、返流及明显的高氯性酸中毒等并发症。结果表明:缩窄末段回肠式输出道抗失禁效果好,插管导尿顺利。重组成形后,结肠贮尿囊和回结肠贮尿囊均能获得低囊内压,应注意防治贮尿囊过度扩张、结石及感染等并发症。

From May.1996 to Nov.1996,Mainz pouch Ⅱ was performed after total cystectomy for 11 patients.The sigma rectum puoch(Mainz pouch Ⅱ) was accomplished by an antimesenteric splitting and side to side anastomosis of the rectosigmoid over a length of 20~24cm.Submucosal tunnel technique was employed for antireflux ureteral implantation.The patients have been followed up for 7~14 months with a mean of 10.5 months.Continency has been achieved in all the 11 patients with micturation frequency of 3~5 times during...

From May.1996 to Nov.1996,Mainz pouch Ⅱ was performed after total cystectomy for 11 patients.The sigma rectum puoch(Mainz pouch Ⅱ) was accomplished by an antimesenteric splitting and side to side anastomosis of the rectosigmoid over a length of 20~24cm.Submucosal tunnel technique was employed for antireflux ureteral implantation.The patients have been followed up for 7~14 months with a mean of 10.5 months.Continency has been achieved in all the 11 patients with micturation frequency of 3~5 times during day time and 0~3 times at night.No nocturnal incontinence has been noted.The basal intrareservoir pressure was 1.47 kPa and the highest peak pressure 2.16 kPa.It was claimed that the Mainz pouch Ⅱ procedure provides a sound protection for the upper urinary tract and a better quality of life.

膀胱全切术后采用乙状结肠直肠膀胱术(MainzPouchII)作为可控性尿流改道。该术式以乙状结肠直肠交界为中点将肠管纵行剖开20~24cm,做乙状结肠直肠侧侧吻合形成大容量低压贮尿囊,输尿管采用粘膜下隧道方式做抗逆流吻合,利用肛门括约肌控制排尿。本组11例,平均随访10.5个月。肠代膀胱容量平均553ml,基础压力平均1.47kPa(1kPa=10.20cmH2O),最大充盈压力平均2.16kPa。在肠袋充盈过程中顺应性良好。拔除肛管1周~2个月后可获得满意的尿便分流,2个月后排尿次数稳定,白天4~5次,夜间0~3次。无夜间尿失禁,无逆行感染及高氯性酸中毒。1例出现双侧输尿管梗阻。该术式满足了可控膀胱的基本条件,易于被患者接受,术后生活质量较高

Objective: To study the superiority of the surgical procedure of controlled Y type bladder with sigmoidorectostomy on the basis of animal experiments Method: The junction of the proctosigmoid was cut at about 8 to 10 cmto superimpose the sigmoid with the anterorectum by way of a annular valve in the shape of a funnel Then the anti reflux transplantation of the ureter was performed on to the sigmoid Results: phase I recovery...

Objective: To study the superiority of the surgical procedure of controlled Y type bladder with sigmoidorectostomy on the basis of animal experiments Method: The junction of the proctosigmoid was cut at about 8 to 10 cmto superimpose the sigmoid with the anterorectum by way of a annular valve in the shape of a funnel Then the anti reflux transplantation of the ureter was performed on to the sigmoid Results: phase I recovery from surgery was achieved in 14 cases In the period of 18 to 60 months of follow ups, the patients could control their urination freely A static pressure of 1 78 kPa and a urinary pressure of 4 85 kPa in the rectum were noticed which are similar to the normal bladder pressure None of the patients operated on suffered from regurgitation of urine, hyperchloremia and/or pyelonephritis Conclusion: The procedure can serve as an effective approach in the transformation of the urinary tract as it is easy to perform and has considerable sensitivity to both temperature and volume

目的:在动物实验基础上,创建一种膀胱癌根治后,新的“Y”型乙直肠膀胱术。方法:在建立肠道连续通道时,将乙状结肠与直肠作套叠式端侧吻合,在作输尿管移植时作抗逆流整形,同时于乙直肠交界缩窄制成漏斗形活瓣。结果:14 例术后Ⅰ期愈合,随访18~60 个月,患者排尿控制自如,每次尿量200~400 m l,经直肠测压,静止压平均1.78 kPa,排尿平均压4.85 kPa,近似膀胱压力曲线,无尿路逆流现象,无1 例发生高氯血症和肾盂肾炎。结论:“Y”型乙直肠膀胱具有良好的温度感和容量感,且手术简便易行,是一种尿流改道的有效方法。

 
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