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  gms
     Methods\ Through selective catheterization of hepatic artery to infuse 32 P GMS to 5 healthy domestic pigs, or inert 31 P GMS in the same procedure to other 5 healthy domestic pigs.
     方法 10 只健康家猪经皮肝动脉内接受人类治疗剂量的32PGMS(5 只猪)、惰性31PGMS(5 只猪) ;
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     Methods:8 patients with unresectable PLC determined by operation were subject to selected internal radiotherapy(SIRT) by using 32PGMS at a dosage of 0.6~1.8 GBq, which was infused into hepatic artery via subcutaneous infusion port.
     方法:用32PGMS通过皮1下埋藏药盒注入肝动脉,选择性内放射治疗(SIRT)8例经手术证实不可切除的原发性肝癌,32PGMS用量为0.6~1.8GBq。
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     Purpose To evaluate the clinical efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TAE) combined with percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) and 32 P glass microspheres ( 32 P GMS) injection in the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
     目的评价肝动脉化疗栓塞(TAE)结合B超引导下注射无水乙醇(PEI)、32P玻璃微球(32PGMS)治疗原发性肝癌的临床价值。
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     Objective\ To evaluate the acute and subacute toxic response to intrahepatic arterial administration of phosphorus 32 glass microspheres ( 32 P GMS) in pigs.
     目的 评估正常家猪肝动脉内给予32 磷玻璃微球(32PGMS) 后的急性和亚急性毒性反应。
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     Objective: To investigate the effect of 32P glass microspheres (32PGMS) in the treatment of unresectable primary liver cancer(PLC).
     目的:探讨32磷玻璃微球(32PGMS)治疗手术不能切除的原发性肝癌的效果。
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  “gms”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Significant linear correlation exists between the dissolution in vitro and absorption in vivo ( P <0 01 ).
     体内外相关性研究表明,FPGMS体外累积溶出百分率与兔体内药物吸收分数呈显著相关(P<001)。
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     At the doseages of 1.85, 5.55 and 16.65 MBq a mice the inhabition rate of S180 were 42% (P<0.01), 60%(P<0.01) and 82% (P<0.01), respectively.
     结果表明,32PGMS联合加热治疗,有协同增敏作用(E/O值为141),联合丝裂霉素C治疗,有相加作用(E/O值为105)。
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  相似匹配句对
     Gly.
     Gly。
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     P GMS in combination with hyperthermia and mitomycin C showed marked antitumor activity against mice solid tumor sarcoma 180 (S180) in vivo.
     磷[32P]玻璃微球(32PGMS)是一种新的放射性治疗药物。
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     Some gene model for mammalian sex determination such as Zgene model and DSSgene model etc.
     X连锁的DAX基因;
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     GMS Cloud Chart Technology and Its Application
     GMS云图技术及应用
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate the effect of 32P glass microspheres (32PGMS) in the treatment of unresectable primary liver cancer(PLC).
     目的:探讨32磷玻璃微球(32PGMS)治疗手术不能切除的原发性肝癌的效果。
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  gms
A small molecule (GMS-SA2) with one alkyl chain and two terminal carboxyl groups was synthesized successfully by the reaction of glyceryl monostearate (GMS) with excess succinic anhydride (SA).
      
Investigations of crystallization of solutions in microdroplets on an Affymetrix GMS 417 Arrayer device
      
The microdroplet is created by an Affymetrix GMS 417 Arrayer device intended for manufacturing biochips.
      
High conversion efficiency of the energy deposited into vacuum UV radiation in a discharge sustained by 0.1-gms voltage pulses at a repetition rate of 1-10 kHz is demonstrated.
      
The effect of the Tibetan Plateau on the track of the storm over Bengal Bay and its cloud system was discussed by analyzing the GMS-5 water vapor image.
      
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Standard wheat flour (about 85% extraction) and mixed maize-soybean flour are consumed as staple foods in North China. They ate usually used to prepare steamed bread. The wheat flour dough is leavened by natural fermentation and the acid produced is neutralized with soda. In the preparation of maize-soybean bread, a small amount of sodium bicarbonate is added for leavening purpose; The other products prepared from wheat flour are noodles, unleavened pancake (烙饼), roast cake (烧饼) and Chinese doughnut (油条).Since...

Standard wheat flour (about 85% extraction) and mixed maize-soybean flour are consumed as staple foods in North China. They ate usually used to prepare steamed bread. The wheat flour dough is leavened by natural fermentation and the acid produced is neutralized with soda. In the preparation of maize-soybean bread, a small amount of sodium bicarbonate is added for leavening purpose; The other products prepared from wheat flour are noodles, unleavened pancake (烙饼), roast cake (烧饼) and Chinese doughnut (油条).Since the above products provide an important source of calories, proteins, and vitamin-B complex, any significant loss in the cooking process might well affect the nutritive value of the diet. Except the preparation of noodles in which case the cooking water is discarded, there is practically no effect of the cooking process on the proximate composition of either cereal flour product. The loss of protein in noodles as a resultof preparation is about 2-5% of the original protein content.In most cases, the loss of thiamin in the fermentation process of the wheat flouris about 0.04 mg% on the basis of the weight of the flour. The amount lost seems to be independent on the original content of this vitamin in the flour. In this process, the loss of riboflavin is about 20% (18-38%) while that of nicotinic acid is insignificant.Steaming does not reduce the thiamin, riboflavin, or nicotinic acid content.When 6 gms. of sodium bicarbonate are added to 1.5kg. maize-soybean flour before, steaming, there is no loss of thiamin in the finished product.The riboflavin content is slightly lowered in baked unleavened pancake, but there seems to be no effect on thiamin or nicotinic acid. However, in baking theroast cake, the retention of thiamin is only 70% of the original content of the raw material., This is probably due to the high temperature employed in the cooking procedure.The thiamin ox wheat flour is completely destroyed during preparation of the fried Chinese doughnut, and the retention of riboflavin and nicotinic acid is only about 50%.Retention of the vitamin-B complex is about 60-70% after noodles have been cooked.

本试验研究了粉状谷类食品,经过一般的烹调过程后营养成分的变化。结果证明一般营养素如蛋白质、脂肪、粗纤维、无机盐、钙及磷,经过烹调后,变化不大。在进行膳食调查时,可以用生谷类食品来计算这些营养成分,其中某些营养成分的含量如蛋白质却因来源不同而有一定的差别。 调制窝窝头时,每公斤加4克小苏打,对硫胺素、核黄素及尼克酸都没有影响。在制馒头的发酵及加碱过程中,硫胺素及核黄素都有些损失,一般介于15一20%之间。在一般蒸熟过程中,如蒸窝窝头及蒸馒头,硫胺素、核黄素及尼克酸均无甚损失。烙饼时,核黄素损失约为20%;烤烧饼使硫胺素损失约30%。炸油桧时,全部硫胺素破坏,而核黄素及尼克酸亦仅保留其原料含量的一半。在煮面条过程中,乙种维生素复合体损失约30—40%。

In present experiment the desorption of adsorbed ammonium by soilsand clay minerals from ammonium chloride and ammonium acetate solutionsof various concentrations and at different pH values were studied in detail.The samples used include a lateritic red soil(SiO_2/R_2O_3 of clay 1.05),a redsoil(SiO_2/R_2O_3 1.63),a podsolized yellow soil(SiO_2/R_2O_3 1.59),a betoniticclay and a kaolinitic clay.Among the conclusions obtained from the experiments,the followingsare of outstanding significance. 1.The adsorbed ammonium...

In present experiment the desorption of adsorbed ammonium by soilsand clay minerals from ammonium chloride and ammonium acetate solutionsof various concentrations and at different pH values were studied in detail.The samples used include a lateritic red soil(SiO_2/R_2O_3 of clay 1.05),a redsoil(SiO_2/R_2O_3 1.63),a podsolized yellow soil(SiO_2/R_2O_3 1.59),a betoniticclay and a kaolinitic clay.Among the conclusions obtained from the experiments,the followingsare of outstanding significance. 1.The adsorbed ammonium of soils or clay minerals may be dividedinto two parts——the“easily releasible ammonium”which can be removedreadily by steam distillation,and the“un-easily releasible ammonium”which can only be replaced by distilling with a strongly alkaline solution.2.The fixation of the easily releasible ammonium by soil seems to beinduced by the molecular adsorption of sesqui-oxides,the amount of whichincreases with the increase of pH value of the medium solution,Purebetonitic and kaolinitic clays possess only very low abilty to fixed the easilyreleasible ammonium and the pH of the medium solution gives no effect tothe rate of adsorption.3.About 29-45% of the easily releasible ammonium can be removedfrom the soil by dehydration over CaCl_2 and thus seems to belong to physicaladsorption.4.In an equilibrium system the relationship between the amount ofeasily releasible ammonium and the concentration of ammonium salt solution,at concentrations lower than 0.1 N,appears to obey Freundlich's equation.5.The relationship between the amount of easily releasible ammoniumand the pH value of an ammonium saturated soil can be expressed by thefollowing equation;pH=aD+b,where“D”denotes the amount of easily releasible ammonium in m.e.per100 gms of soil,“a”is a constant which equals 0.88 under experimentalcondition for all tested soils,and“b”,the pH value of an ammonium-soilwhen the amount of easily releasible ammonium of that soil equals to zero.

1.土壤的吸收性铵可分为两部分,一部分易在蒸汽蒸馏情况迅速解吸。称之为“易解吸性铵”;另一部分则只能在强碱性条件下被蒸馏出来,称为“非解吸性铵”。2.对于红黄壤,“易解吸性铵”可能是R_2O_3引起的一种物理性吸附,其吸附量随介质的pH 值的增高而迅速增大。高岭土和斑脱土的“易解吸性铵”量很低,且与介质pH值无关。所有试样的“非解吸性铵”均与介质pH 无关。3.“易解吸性铵”中有29—45%可以在干燥器(放CaCl_2)中因脱水而损失。4.红壤的“易解吸性铵”量,与电解质浓度(低于0.1N 时)的关系,完全服从Freun-dlich 方程式。其“非解吸性铵”则与浓度无关。5.铵质土的pH 与“易解吸性铵”含量具有一定关系,它可表示为:pH=αD+b;其中D 为“易解吸性铵”的每百克土壤中毫当量数;α为常数,在本试验中对于红壤标本其值为0.88,b 相当于“易解吸性铵”数值为零时铵质土的pH 值。6.用於洗涤的酒精浓度的变化,对于斑脱土的吸收性铵的总量不起影响,但对于土壤试样,则随酒精浓度的降低而减少其吸收性铵的总量,而其减少的部分,几乎全为“易解吸性铵”。

Forty-nine adult male albino rats, weighing between 140--210 gms were selectedfor study. Among them, 9 served as controls and the rest were injected daily with 25 mgof cortisone or hydrocortisone into the gluteal muscles and they were sacrificed after 1,2, 3, and 6 injections and 4, 5, and 9 days after the 6th injection. Liver blocks fromboth experimental and control groups were taken immediately after death and were pro-cessed with routine histological and histochemical techniques. After the administration...

Forty-nine adult male albino rats, weighing between 140--210 gms were selectedfor study. Among them, 9 served as controls and the rest were injected daily with 25 mgof cortisone or hydrocortisone into the gluteal muscles and they were sacrificed after 1,2, 3, and 6 injections and 4, 5, and 9 days after the 6th injection. Liver blocks fromboth experimental and control groups were taken immediately after death and were pro-cessed with routine histological and histochemical techniques. After the administration of cortisone, the eosinophilic granules, protein-bound tyro-sine, histidine and tryptophan, sulfhydryl and disulfide groups, and ribonucleic acid con-spicuously decreased in amount in liver cells. Hence these cells were filled with clearvacuoles of various sizes in the cytoplasm and assumed the name of "balloon cells." Cortisone caused an immediate rise of liver glycogen and phosphorylase activity. The activity of acid and alkaline phosphatases increased in the liver tissues in thecarly stages of treatment and the change of the latter enzyme was more apparen.Later, it was reduced and did not recover to the normal level even on the 9th day afterthe last injection. The activity of adenosine triphosphatase and 5-nucleotidase, elevatedat the beginning of the treatment, returned to normal afterwards. The activity of nonspecific phosphatase in the liver tissues of all the animals of theexperimental group was kept at a lower level than in the normal controls. Nonspecificesterase reacted in the same but more exaggerated manner. Cytochrome oxidase activity in the liver cells apparently decreased after the adminis-tration of cortisone, but it gradually recovered after the injection was suspended. The influence of cortisone and hydrocortisone upon glycogen, ribonucleic acid, andvarious enzymes was the same, but they showed different actions on proteins and pro-tein-bound sulfhydyl and disulfide groups. Maximum depletion of the latter substanceswas attained after a single injection of cortisone, it required 6 injections of hydrocor-tisone to get a similar effect apparently the action of the former compound is more im-mediate and more pronounced than that of the latter.

1.实验用49只成年雄性大白鼠,体重为140—210克。其中9只作为对照。实验动物分别经臀部肌肉注射可的松或氢化可的松25毫克/每日一次。分注射一次、三次、六次以及注射六次后恢复4、5和9日四组。取材后,按组织学及组织化学常规处理,进行观察。 2.注射可的松后,肝细胞中嗜伊红性颗粒和含酪氨酸、组氨酸及色氨酸的蛋白貭、结合-SH和结合-S-S-化合物以及RNA的含量均显著减少。因此胞貭中出现大小不等的明亮空泡,或称之为气球样细胞。 3.可的松促使肝糖原急剧增加,与其相伴磷酸化酶的活性也增强。 4.ACP和ALP的活性在注射初期增强,ALP更加明显。之后酶的活性下降,到注射停止后9日尚未完全恢复。ATP酶和5-核甙酸酶的活性在注射初期略有升高,以后则逐渐恢复正常。非特异性磷酸酶的活性,在实验动物中,始终低于正常。而酯酶活性则显著下降,注射停止后9日,仍未恢复正常。注射后肝细胞中细胞色素氧化酶的活性显著降低,注射停止后则逐渐恢复。 5.实验结果表明可的松和氢化可的松对肝糖原和RNA的含量以及对各种酶的影响是一致地。然而对蛋白貭、结合-SH和结合-S-S-化合物含量的影响却不完全相同。注射可的松一次后上述成分减少的最...

1.实验用49只成年雄性大白鼠,体重为140—210克。其中9只作为对照。实验动物分别经臀部肌肉注射可的松或氢化可的松25毫克/每日一次。分注射一次、三次、六次以及注射六次后恢复4、5和9日四组。取材后,按组织学及组织化学常规处理,进行观察。 2.注射可的松后,肝细胞中嗜伊红性颗粒和含酪氨酸、组氨酸及色氨酸的蛋白貭、结合-SH和结合-S-S-化合物以及RNA的含量均显著减少。因此胞貭中出现大小不等的明亮空泡,或称之为气球样细胞。 3.可的松促使肝糖原急剧增加,与其相伴磷酸化酶的活性也增强。 4.ACP和ALP的活性在注射初期增强,ALP更加明显。之后酶的活性下降,到注射停止后9日尚未完全恢复。ATP酶和5-核甙酸酶的活性在注射初期略有升高,以后则逐渐恢复正常。非特异性磷酸酶的活性,在实验动物中,始终低于正常。而酯酶活性则显著下降,注射停止后9日,仍未恢复正常。注射后肝细胞中细胞色素氧化酶的活性显著降低,注射停止后则逐渐恢复。 5.实验结果表明可的松和氢化可的松对肝糖原和RNA的含量以及对各种酶的影响是一致地。然而对蛋白貭、结合-SH和结合-S-S-化合物含量的影响却不完全相同。注射可的松一次后上述成分减少的最明显,而氢化可的松,则以注射六次后改变的最显著,就是说,前者较后者对蛋白貭、结合-SH和-S-S-化合物的作用迅速而强烈。

 
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