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  sham
     THE VAGO-INSULIN SYSTEM Ⅲ.THE EFFECT OF SHAM FEEDING UPON SUGAR TOLERANCE AND ITS MECHANISM
     迷走神经—胰岛素系统 Ⅲ.饲对糖耐量的影响及其机制
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     Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ICAM-1 in the brain. Results The expression values of ICAM-1 in the ischemic cortexes were significantly higher than that in the cortex of the sham operation group(2h:P<0.01,12h、24h:P<0.01) and PACAP group were all significantly lower than those in the I/R group(all P<0.01).
     结果局灶性脑缺血再灌注后,与手术组比较,ICAM-1的表达量显著增加,灰度值分别为2h:128.67±1.51(P<0.05)、12h:168.67±2.66(P<0.01)、24h:173.17±2.51(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Method:60 SD rats were divided in to 3 groups randomly: sham operation group, ischemia reperfusion injury group (IR), and leonurus japonicus injection treating group (LJI).
     方法:60只SD大鼠被随机分为3组:手术组、缺血再灌注损伤(IR)组、益母草注射液治疗(LJI)组。
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     Methods Forty male Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: sham group (SH 0 week n=10),MI two weeks group (MI 2 weeks n=10), MI four weeks group (MI 4weeks n=10) and MI eight weeks group (MI 8 weeks n=10).
     方法雄性Wistar大鼠40只随机分为手术0周组(SH0周组,n=10)、MI 2周组(MI 2周组,n=10)、MI 4周组(MI 4周组,n=10)、MI 8周组(MI 8周组,n=10)。
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     Methods 39 female Sprague-Dawley rats about 90 days of age were randomly divided into the following treatment groups and treated for 12 weeks: SHAM group,OVX group,MFP group,MFP+αD3 group.
     方法将3月龄SD雌性大鼠39只随机分成4组:手术组(SHAM组),去卵巢不处理组(OVX组),去卵巢单用一氟磷酸谷酰胺组(MFP组),去卵巢一氟磷酸谷酰胺与αD3联合用药组(MFP+αD3组)。
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  false
     False Twist and Its Application
     捻及其应用
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     AN EXPERIMENT OF THE 1:500,000 FALSE COLOUR SATELLITE IMAGE OF CHINA
     制印合成中国1:50万彩色卫星影象图的实验
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     An Analysis of False Twist Action of Navel in OE Spinning
     阻捻盘捻作用的分析
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     AN ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENGE UPON THE FALSE TWIST EFFECT OF THE DOFFING TUBE CONCERNING ITS DESIGN AND OTHER SPINNING CONDITIONS
     阻捻盘设计及纺纱条件对阻捻盘捻效果影响的分析
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     Analysis of the Effect of Frequency Back-push, False lock and Rejection to Acquisition at PLL
     锁相环的频率反推、锁与拒捕效应的分析
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  a false
     Results:The serum level of CA15-3 in healthy women was 22.22±16.3u/ml with a false positive rate of 5% based on the cut-off value of 30u/ml.
     结果 :正常女性血清CA15 - 3值为 (2 2 .2 2± 16 .31)u/ml,以 30u/ml为判别的界值 ,则阳性率为 5 %。
短句来源
     In 20 patients with benign breast diseases the serum level was 444.55±22.22 pg/mL with a false positive rate of 5%.
     乳腺良性肿瘤对照组MK含量平均为444.55±22.22 pg/mL,其阳性率为5%;
短句来源
     Results The serum level of MK in healthy women was 431.40±26.69 pg/mL with a false positive rate of 5% based on the cut-off value of 484.78 pg/mL.
     结果正常人血清MK含量均值为431.40 pg/mL,以484.78 pg/mL为正常阈值,其阳性率为5%;
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     7patients were false negative with a false negative rate of8.75%.
     7例患者为阴性,阴性率为8.75%;
短句来源
     In 30 patients with benign breast diseases the serum level was 23.41±15.89u/ml with a false positive rate of 6.7%.
     良性乳腺病CA15 - 3值 (2 3.4 1±15 .89)u/ml,阳性率 6 .7%。
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  phoney
     A Real Phoney problem: A Dispute on Why to Teach Backward-slipping Shot-putting
     一个真实的问题——“为什么要教背向滑步推铅球”之争辨析
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     The unfavorable factors are reflected in the activities of “phoney unity,true independence” which are increasingly conducted by the splittists in “diplomacy” ,politics,economy,culture,military and so on.
     不利因素集中体现在近年来岛内分裂势力在“外交”、政治、经济、文化、军事等方面的“统真独”活动日渐嚣张。
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  sham
Compared with sham-operation group (sham group) after injury, serum leptin level of I60'R360' group increased, adipose leptin levels of I60'R30' and I60'R90' decreased, and adipose leptin in I60'R360' group increased.
      
After the injury, adipose leptin mRNA expressions of I60'R30', I60'R240' and I60'R360' increased, whereas that of I60'R150' group decreased as compared with the sham group.
      
We studied the immune response in lymphoid cells of mice subjected to bilateral olfactory bulbectomy in comparison with sham-operated animals 1.5 and 13 months after surgery.
      
Respiration of mitochondria from pea cotyledons was inhibited by 70-80% by salicylhydroxamate (SHAM).
      
SHAM considerably accelerated the hydrogen peroxide production.
      
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  false
For this class of Lie Groups we prove the Auslander Conjecture whenever the dimensionn of the group is odd and we show that it is false forn even andn>amp;gt;2.
      
Based on analyzing force distribution rules of the distance potential force field, a standard is introduced here to distinguish the false one from contour points.
      
Results showed that the rCBF of the right frontal lobe and hippocampus in the operation group was significantly lower than that in the false operation group (P >amp;lt; 0.05).
      
The learning indexes, error number (EN), day of reach standard and total reaction time (TRT) in the operation group, were significantly higher than that in the false operation group (P >amp;lt; 0.05).
      
However, the initiative evasion rate in the operation group was significantly lower than that in the false operation group.
      
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  a false
A false note of DNA polymerase iota in the choir of genome caretakers in mammals
      
This product can be called a "false note" of Polι.
      
A false effect of the deviation of the CPE power index determined experimentally from a Nyquist plot from its true value is shown.
      
It is shown that the probabilities for two interacting particles to tunnel from a false vacuum can be much higher than previously thought.
      
The transition from monostable to bistable regime is accompanied by the appearance of a false maximum in the regularity parameter of the power spectrum plotted as a function of the noise intensity.
      
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  phoney
The result is somewhat phoney debates between compatible theories masquerading as rivals, and between 'comparative politics' and 'international relations' approaches.
      
And the Greek that hated the enemy like bloody murder was a sure phoney; in contrast the commander's little speech was unexpectedly good.
      
Generating phoney profits over an entire decade was no easy feat.
      
It is an ideology that everybody sees through; which everybody knows is disengaged from real change and is therefore phoney.
      
Many of these phoney operators are not even aware of what Bt means or what its supposed actions are.
      
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  其他


Sham feeding was performed on esophageal fistula dogs with normal mixed food. The change of blood sugar concentration was followed for 3 hours as an indication of insulin secretion. The results were as follows: (1) After 10-15 minutes of sham feeding, the blood sugar showed marked fluctuations in most of the experiments and a slight decrease in some of the experiments as compared with that in the control experiments without sham feeding. (2) After inactivation of the adrenal medulla(removal of right adrenal...

Sham feeding was performed on esophageal fistula dogs with normal mixed food. The change of blood sugar concentration was followed for 3 hours as an indication of insulin secretion. The results were as follows: (1) After 10-15 minutes of sham feeding, the blood sugar showed marked fluctuations in most of the experiments and a slight decrease in some of the experiments as compared with that in the control experiments without sham feeding. (2) After inactivation of the adrenal medulla(removal of right adrenal and denervation of left adrenal), a marked fall of blood sugar was observed after sham feeding. The lowered blood sugar level maintained for about 2 hours and then returned to normal gradually. (3) The effect in(2) was abolished after injection of hyoscyamine, an atropinelike drug, or by subdiaphragmatic vagotomy. (4) Further observations were made on dogs with denervated pancreas after the inactivation of the adrenal medulla. No fall of blood sugar was also observed after sham feeding. Thus, the fall of blood sugar elicited by sham feeding was produced reflexly through the vago-insulin system. (5) These observations provided a further evidence for the nervous control of insulin secretion and gave rise to a favourable means for studying the significance of the vago-insulin system under natural conditions. We wish to express our gratitude to Comrade for bis valuable advice and to Prof. T. C. Shen for his constant encouragement throughout this work.

本工作用具有食道瘻的狗,用正常混合食物進行飼,觀察血糖濃度在三小時內的變動,作為胰島素分泌的指標,結果如下: (一)正常飼後,血糖濃度與不進行飼的對照實驗比較,呈顯著的波動,有的血糖水平呈降低現象。 (二)取消腎上腺髓質作用後,再進行飼,血糖濃度呈顯著的下降,並持續約兩小時左右,以後才逐漸恢復,說明取消腎上腺髓質作用後,飼可引起顯著的血糖降低。 (三)用取消腎上腺體質作用的狗,再應用阿托平類藥物,或切斷其膈下迷走神經後,進行飼,則不再有血糖降低,這說明引起血糖下降是通過迷走神經的。 (四)當切斷胰腺的一切外來神經後,再將取消了腎上腺髓質的狗進行飼,血糖水平也不再下降,說明飼所引起的血糖下降是由於反射性地通過迷走神經,興奮胰島裝置釋放胰島素對機體作用的結果。 (五)這項結果可作為神經因素影響胰島裝置的一個確切的證據,並對於闡明在自然條件下迷走神經—胰島素系統的重要意義,提供了有利的條件。

This is a brief report of a preliminary survey of certain rain-bearing systems over China in later spring and summer. In the first part, a general description of the methods of analysis used in this survey is given. As the temperature and wind fields are weak, and the precipitation is heavy, smaller intervals for the isotherms and contours in the constant pressure surface and pseudo-equivalent potential instead of potential temperature in the cross section analysis are used.In the second part, there are descriptions...

This is a brief report of a preliminary survey of certain rain-bearing systems over China in later spring and summer. In the first part, a general description of the methods of analysis used in this survey is given. As the temperature and wind fields are weak, and the precipitation is heavy, smaller intervals for the isotherms and contours in the constant pressure surface and pseudo-equivalent potential instead of potential temperature in the cross section analysis are used.In the second part, there are descriptions of the structure and development of five frequently observed rain-bearing systems i.e. cold front, blocking high and cold vortex, monsoon heat low, warm front and typhoon.The last part consists of discussions of some points of view in synoptic meteorology in China. It is stated that the monsoon precipitation is various in intensity and duration according the large-scale flow patterns. The difference of moisture content in the middle troposphere as a criterion for the identification of equatorial or tropical maritime air mass is proved to be missleading. It is shown that the upper air moist content is high only within the raining region near the polar or equatorial front. To the south of the equatorial front within the so-called equatorial air mass, the moist content in the middle troposphere is as low as within the tropical maritime air mass. It is the convergence and lifting of the tropical air mass which releases the convective instability and induces the surface moist air rising to the middle troposphere. The phenomenon of the forward-inclination of the so-called North-West Trough based on the time cross-section of wind is proved to be a mistake by combining two systems into one trough. The terminology of shear line, and the correct application of synoptic models in weather analysis and forecas-ting are also discussed.

本文是一年来从事夏季降水天气初步普查的简单报告。第一节首先指出所用分析方法与一般国内所通用者,稍有不同。高空等压面分析,取20米作为等高缐间隔,2℃作为等温缐间隔。代替40米及5℃的间隔,以适应夏半年较弱的温度场与气压形势场,在剖面分析中以等相当位温缐代替位温缐,与等温缐配合以适应降水天气的凝结降水过程。 第二节讨论了五种夏半年基本降水天气系统,即冷锋、阻塞高压与冷涡、季风热低压、 暖锋及有风的结构,并简单地叙述了演变过程。 第三节对某些天气概念提供一些批判性的讨论。根据现已增加的观测材料,论证季风与梅雨是多样性的,决定于大规模的温度场与流场特性,以高空湿度大小区分赤道气团与热带海洋气团,证明是不适当的,因为中国赤道锋降水区域以南,即在所谓南南季风的赤道气团中,中层大气仍是干燥的。降水区域内,中层对流层的大量水份,是由于辐合或抬升的作用,使潜势的对流不稳定性成为现实的不稳定性,而由下层空气上升带上去的。文中还论证了所谓西北槽槽缐前倾是将两个系统混作—个系统的不正确桔果。最后还讨论了切交缐及一般模型在天气分析预报中的应用与限制。

This work was done on six esophageal fistula dogs to observe the effect of sham feeding upon sugar tolerance. Sugar tolerance test was done by the intravenous administration of 40% glucose solution in dosage of 0.5 g/kg body weight.Approximately one minute was required for this injection.Venous blood for sugar determina- tion was taken from the fore legs just before the injection and also 15,30, 45,60,90 and 120 minutes after it.Sham feeding commenced immediately after the injection of glucose and lasted usually...

This work was done on six esophageal fistula dogs to observe the effect of sham feeding upon sugar tolerance. Sugar tolerance test was done by the intravenous administration of 40% glucose solution in dosage of 0.5 g/kg body weight.Approximately one minute was required for this injection.Venous blood for sugar determina- tion was taken from the fore legs just before the injection and also 15,30, 45,60,90 and 120 minutes after it.Sham feeding commenced immediately after the injection of glucose and lasted usually 14 minutes.The results were as follows: (1)It was observed on 6 dogs and in 15 experiments that the normal sugar tolerance curves (without sham feeding) were fairly uniform.The average peak value of blood sugar concentration in samples taken 15 minutes after glucose administration was 165 mg% and blood sugar concentration returned to the original level within 60—90 minutes. (2)A marked change of the sugar tolerance curves was observed after sham feeding.The average peak value of blood sugar concentration in samples taken 15 minutes after glucose administration was 138 mg % and blood sugar concentration returned to the original level 15—30 minutes sooner than that seen in the experiments without sham feeding. (3)The above experiments were repeated on two of the dogs after bilateral supradiaphragmatic vagotomy and on one dog after denervation of the pancreas.No effect upon sugar tolerance was observed after sham feeding. These results further verify our previous work that the excitation of the vago-insulin system can be brought about by sham feeding.

本工作用具有食道瘘的狗,观察饲对糖耐量的影响并分析其机制。糖耐量测验的方法系由静脉注入40%葡萄糖溶液0.5克/千克体重。在注射前以及从注射葡萄糖时开始,每隔15、30、45、60、90及120分钟,分别由静脉取血,分析血糖浓度。饲是在注射葡萄糖后立即开始的,饲时间一般为14分钟。实验结果如下:(一)正常糖耐量曲线(不进行饲)一般是相当恒定的。由静脉注射葡萄糖后15分钟,血糖浓度平均为165毫克%,并且一般在注射后60—90分钟内血糖浓度即恢复至注射前的水平。(二)当由静脉注射葡萄糖后立即进行饲,结果使正常糖耐量显著增加,也就是使正常糖耐量曲线呈显著的减退性变化:血糖浓度在注射后的15分钟时,平均最高仅达138毫克%,并且在注射后45—60分钟内血糖浓度即恢复至原有水平。(三)当切断膈上的两侧迷走神经或切除胰腺的一切外来神经后,重复以上实验,结果饲对糖耐量并无影响。因此,本工作更较明确地证明:饲的进食动作确能唤起中枢神经系统的兴奋,通过迷走神经反射地引起胰岛素的分泌。

 
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