It depicts the every factor in the index system of the investment environment firstly, and makes the concrete evaluation for the every parts of public expenditure, which was classified according to the purpose of public expenditure and the index system of investment environment evaluation.
This paper studies the impacts of village elections on the accountability of the village committee, local fiscal sharing, and state taxation in rural China using data of 48 villages for the period of 1986-2002. Elections are found to substantially increase the share of public expenditures in the village budget, but reduce the shares of administrative costs and income handed to the township government.
Through analyzing performance problem in structure adjustment of public spending,based on the meaning of performance orientation of structure adjustment in public expenditure,this paper points out its significance and puts forward several approaches to build it.
Due to historical reasons,at this stage the"three rural"issue of the social contradictions are still prominent in the background of building new rural areas,public spending is the most direct and effective way.
Governments seek to decrease public expenditure and regulatory control by selling off public services, including prisons and police forces, supposedly to be run more efficiently under competitive market conditions.
As a consequence, there are persistent uncertainties in the quantification of the exact economic returns of public expenditure on basic research.
The influence analysis on public expenditure to the technique efficiency of China
The results tell us that raising the proportion of public expenditure in GDP can lower the technological efficiency, but raising some parts of public expenditure in GDP can promote the technological efficiency.
Its realistic meaning is that it is excellent to turn the public expenditure structure to promote the technological efficiency.
This paper discusses (1) the extent to which the partisan composition of government affects economic policies and macroeconomic outcomes, and (2) the interrelationship between public spending, taxation and economic growth.
A pooled vector autoregressive model suggests that during the last century left-wing governments in the United States, Britain and Canada have reinforced the growth of both public spending and GNP.
We test and find empirical support for the theory of fiscal illusion according to which citizens underestimate the costs of public services and therefore demand more public spending than if they had been fully informed.
Welfare effort is analyzed in terms both of public spending (and separately on social service provision and income transfer programs) and taxation (effective rates of capital taxation and the ratio of capital to labor and consumption taxes).
Given this condition and the assumption that marginal utilities are affected by the level of public spending, a long-run relationship between components of private consumption and public expenditure is then postulated.