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  nutrition knowledge
The findings suggest that garden programs positively impact youth garden habits, food choice, social skills, nutrition knowledge, and cooking skills.
      
This study examined effects of food and nutrition knowledge on the self-reported behaviors of preschool teacher candidates who completed a 10-week course.
      
Overall, the nutrition course increased the nutrition knowledge of preschool teacher candidates.
      
A questionnaire was completed by each participant to obtain descriptive data on nutrition and health issues, attitudes and beliefs about nutrition, and nutrition knowledge.
      
Results indicate that time preference as measured through education, smoking, exercise, nutrition panel use, and motivation for nutrition knowledge significantly affect the odds of choosing a risky diet.
      
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  nutritional knowledge
Thyroid volume, urinary iodine excretion as well as personal nutritional knowledge and individual iodine prophylaxis were determined during a health education program on iodine deficiency and prophylaxis in 1992.
      
The results support the hypotheses that the deviations increase with income due to the diminishing marginal utility of nutrients and that the deviations fall as the nutritional knowledge of the mother increases.
      
A contribution for a better nutritional knowledge of lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.
      
A thirty seven point questionnaire was administered to the mothers to record their nutritional knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP).
      
To determine whether the difference in dietary habits and nutritional knowledge will result in an improved long-term weight loss, requires a more prolonged follow-up.
      
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The status of health education in the primary schools of Yue Xiu District was investigated recently in Guangzhou with the survey subjects of the 5th grade schools in 19 schools. Overall, the reorganization rate of health knowledge in the students was 79- 88%. Among the specified indicators, the rate about "Four harms" and eye care knowledge was above 80% , the rate about Pulmonary tuberculosis 78- 2% ?and the rate of knowledge on nutrition and infectious diseases were 72% and 76- 2% separately. The average prevalence...

The status of health education in the primary schools of Yue Xiu District was investigated recently in Guangzhou with the survey subjects of the 5th grade schools in 19 schools. Overall, the reorganization rate of health knowledge in the students was 79- 88%. Among the specified indicators, the rate about "Four harms" and eye care knowledge was above 80% , the rate about Pulmonary tuberculosis 78- 2% ?and the rate of knowledge on nutrition and infectious diseases were 72% and 76- 2% separately. The average prevalence rate of carious tooth was 17. 39%and the rate of carious tooth packed was 91. 96%. After the schools was divided into 3 classes according to the effect of health education, the comparison among them showed that the difference in mean scores of health knowledge and in distribution of acquired scores was significant. The prevalence rate of carious tooth packed among the 3 classes can be found. The results illustrated that status of school health education played an important role in the understanding of health knowledge in students and that the level of teachers in health education influenced the appropriate understanding of health knowledge directly. The primary health care activity was able to improve the development of school health education.

选择了广州市越秀区19所全日制小学5年级学生为调查对象,结合广州市越秀区城市初级卫生保健的达标自评活动,对辖区小学的健康教育开展情况进行了研究。从总体情况看,小学生健康知识知晓率达79.88%,其“四害”知识和眼保健知识达80%以上,肺结核病知识为78.2%,营养知识和传染病知识较差,分别只有72%和76.2%,平均患龋率为17.39%,龄齿填充率为91.96%。从健康教育效果看,3组学校健康知识均分、成绩分布比较,差异具极显著意义;3组学校间患龄率和龋齿充填率比较,差异均无显著意义。说明学校对健康教育重视的程度,师资水平的高低,对学生更好地掌握健康知识起决定作用,初级卫生保健工作的开展也进一步促进学校的健康教育工作。

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education implemented among pupils' parents. Methods With a method of stratified cluster sampling, 1169 parents of pupils were drawn from 3 primary schools, and were randomly divided into the education group and the control group. Nutrition education in forms of propaganda and counseling was implemented for 2 months in education group. Data was collected using a questionnaire; the changes in nutrition-related knowledge, attitude and behaviors of parents...

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education implemented among pupils' parents. Methods With a method of stratified cluster sampling, 1169 parents of pupils were drawn from 3 primary schools, and were randomly divided into the education group and the control group. Nutrition education in forms of propaganda and counseling was implemented for 2 months in education group. Data was collected using a questionnaire; the changes in nutrition-related knowledge, attitude and behaviors of parents were compared before and after nutrition education. Results After nutrition education, parents had higher scores in knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition, breakfast quality and snack habits of their children improved somewhat in education group. Conclusions Nutrition education is effective in improving the eating behaviors, however, a long-term instruction is necessary.

目的 评价对小学生家长开展营养教育的效果。方法 在 3所小学整群抽取学生家长 1 1 69名 ,按班随机分为教育组和对照组。对教育组以宣传资料、营养咨询等形式进行 2个月的营养教育 ;采用问卷调查 ,比较营养教育前后家长营养知识、态度、相关行为的变化。结果 教育组家长接受营养教育后 ,营养知识和行为得分与对照组比较显著提高 ,其学生的早餐质量和零食问题有所提高和纠正。结论 营养教育是改善营养行为的有效途径 ,但需进行长期的指导。

ObjectiveTo investigate breakfast practices an d its contributory factors of elementary school students in Beijing and Shanghai a nd to provide scientific basis for developing and implementing School Breakfast Programs. MethodsA questionnaire regarding family general cond ition, dietary preference, food choices at breakfast and milk consumption was us ed to investigate breakfast practices of 8 688 students aged 6-11 years, selecte d by using a stratified cluster sampling method, in Beijing and Shanghai. ResultsAbout...

ObjectiveTo investigate breakfast practices an d its contributory factors of elementary school students in Beijing and Shanghai a nd to provide scientific basis for developing and implementing School Breakfast Programs. MethodsA questionnaire regarding family general cond ition, dietary preference, food choices at breakfast and milk consumption was us ed to investigate breakfast practices of 8 688 students aged 6-11 years, selecte d by using a stratified cluster sampling method, in Beijing and Shanghai. ResultsAbout 25.8% of schoolboys, 21.6% of schoolgirls in Beijing an d 11.4% of schoolboys, 13.3% of schoolgirls in Shanghai did not take breakfast e very day. The main reasons for skipping breakfast include d no appetite, lack of time for consumption (children) and preparation (parents) . Most of students ate a skimpy and nutritionally inadequate breakfast. About 55 % of student ate breakfast made by their mothers. Most of students had breakfast at home, more consumed breakfast out of their home (on the way to school or in hash house and pullin). Per capita expenditure on breakfast was in the range of 2 yuan to 3 yuan. Breakfast practices of students were associated significantly with those of their mothers(P< 0.01). ConclusionBreakf ast quality of elementary school students needs improvement. The emphasis should be on nutrition education,helping parents recognize the importance of serving nutri tionally adequate breakfast to their children.

目的 了解京沪两地小学生早餐现状及影响早餐的行为因素 ,为深入研究小学生早餐问题 ,制定和开展“学生营养早餐计划”提供科学依据。方法 采用分层整群抽样方法 ,对北京、上海两个城市 86 88名 6~ 1 1岁学生的早餐行为进行问卷调查。调查内容包括家庭一般情况、饮食喜好、早餐食物选择、奶类摄入等情况。结果 小学生不能保证每天吃早餐的比例北京男生为 2 5.8% ,女生为 2 1 .6 % ;上海男生为 1 1 .4 % ,女生为 1 3.3%。学生不吃早餐的原因主要是没有食欲、没有时间吃和家长没时间做。学生早餐食物品种单调 ,质量较差。学生早餐 55%以上由母亲准备 ,食用早餐的地点以家里为主 ,其次为上学路上和饭馆或小摊。早餐费用在 2~ 3元之间。学生吃早餐的行为与其母亲的吃早餐行为密切相关 (P <0 .0 1 )。结论 京沪两地小学生的早餐质量均有待改善。应加强家长的营养知识教育 ,重视早餐 ,倡导合理营养。

 
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