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诱导关系
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  induced relations
     LF Quasi-T_0 Identification Space and Induced Relations
     模糊次T_0化空间与诱导关系
短句来源
     In this paper, the author gives two types of definitions for the induced connection on the submanifold in a Finsler space by the concept of fiber bundle,the definitions need not depend on the metric tensor and merely uses a general“inducing tensor”,and do not involve the complex induced relations between the Finsler function on the Finsler space and it’s submanifold . The expression of these induced connections are particular , simple and wise.
     本文用纤维丛理论给出了Finsler空间子流形上的两种诱导联络的定义,这两种定义不必依赖于度量张量,不涉及Finsler空间与其子流形上Finsler函数之间复杂的诱导关系,仅使用一般的“诱导张量”,这两种诱导联络形式具体、简明。
短句来源
     In the paper, some equivalent relations between LF topological space and its quasi—T_0 identification space have been obtained, and some properties of fuzzy induced relations are discussed.
     在引入Fuzzy R_0空间和Fuzzy R_1空间的背景下,得到了拓扑空间与其次T_0化空间的几个有趣的等价关系。 顺便讨论了Fuzzy诱导关系的性质。
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  “诱导关系”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In C24(MS+NAA l.Omg/L+BA 0.5mg/L) medium, "Heimi 5 Hao" was the easiest one to induce callus. It would be a perfect material for somatic embryogenic cell induction of triploid Citrullus lanatus.
     品种与愈伤组织诱导关系密切,在C_(24)(MS+NAA 1.0mg/L+BA0.5mg/L)培养基中“黑蜜5号”是最易产生愈伤组织的品种,可作为无籽西瓜体细胞诱导等方面研究的理想材料。
短句来源
     Measurement relationships among three models of two dimensional hyperbolic spaces
     二维双曲空间三种模型的度量诱导关系
短句来源
     The high efficient regeneration system was established, and the effect of different treatments, different explant type, the subculture times and the salt concentration on screen of salt-tolerant mutant were investigated.
     建立了马铃薯叶片、茎段的高效再生体系,研究了高盐直接胁迫与系列盐胁迫两种筛选方法、外植体类型、继代次数、盐的胁迫浓度等因素与耐盐突变体诱导关系的规律,获得了部分耐盐植株;
短句来源
     Objective To observe on the correlation of expression of IL-1β with corticotropin-releasing factor, (CRF) in the hippocampus of rat VaD models following cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.
     目的探讨脑缺血再灌注后海马区白细胞介素1(IL1β)与促肾上腺皮质激素释放因子(CRF)蛋白表达的诱导关系
短句来源
     The character of cell apoptosis in,duced by ionizing radiation is related with cell membrane's change. Cell apoptosis is related with radiation dose, radiation way and linear energy transfer(LET). The mechanism of cell apoptosis may include gene con,trol, signal transduction, ion metabolizability, enzyme and protein.
     电离辐射诱导细胞凋亡已成为治疗恶性肿瘤的重要方法,细胞凋亡作为一种主动的细胞消亡过程,与电离辐射的诱导关系正逐步完善,细胞膜改变是电离辐射诱导细胞凋亡的主要特征,电离辐射诱导细胞凋亡的程度与辐射剂量、照射方式及传能线密度密切相关,它的机制包括基因调控、信号转导、离子代谢、酶和蛋白因子的参与,共同形成一个复杂的生物学网络。
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  相似匹配句对
     relation.
     关系;
短句来源
     I is presented.
     I的关系
短句来源
     THE L-FUZZY RELATION AND INHERITED MAPPING
     L-Fuzzy关系及其诱导映射
短句来源
     THE TWOFOLD FUZZY RELATION AND INHERITED MAPPING
     双重Fuzzy关系及其诱导映射
短句来源
     in troducing stimulus;
     诱导刺激;
短句来源
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  induced relations
Fuzzy closure operators II: induced relations, representation, and examples
      
We obtain an associativity criterion for composition of relations, and we study functional and induced relations.
      
We show that under our assumptions, the categories of relations on functional and induced relations are isomorphic to the category of relations for the given category.
      


The cells of the apical ectodermal thickening, neighboring ectoderm and underlyingmesenchyme of the limb buds of mouse embryos, 11--13 days vaginal plug age, wereused for this study. Most of the specimens were fixed in 1% osmic acid in veronalacetate buffer, pH 7.6, 4℃, 1 hour and embedded in methylchrylate. Parts of the speci-mens were either fixed in potassium permagnate or stained in lead hydroxide after osmicacid fixation. Observations and photographs were made under SEM Ⅲ electron micros-cope. The Golgi...

The cells of the apical ectodermal thickening, neighboring ectoderm and underlyingmesenchyme of the limb buds of mouse embryos, 11--13 days vaginal plug age, wereused for this study. Most of the specimens were fixed in 1% osmic acid in veronalacetate buffer, pH 7.6, 4℃, 1 hour and embedded in methylchrylate. Parts of the speci-mens were either fixed in potassium permagnate or stained in lead hydroxide after osmicacid fixation. Observations and photographs were made under SEM Ⅲ electron micros-cope. The Golgi apparatus appeared to be horse-shoe shaped in the apical ectodermalthickening and S-shaped in the neighboring ectoderm. It consisted of small vesicles andtubules without any large vesicle. The mitochondria in the neighboring ectoderm were usually round or oval in shape,with fewer and irregular cristae and lighter matrix. The mitochondria of the mesenchy-mal cells were even more embryonic in structure with only 2--3 oblique cristae and alarge inner chamber. The mitochondria in the supperficial layers of the apical ectoder-mal thickening were more or less similar to those in the neighboring ectoderm. Rod-shaped and filamentous mitochondria increased in number in the deeper layers of theapical thickening. Such filamentous mitochondria had vertical cristae, denser matrix andoval and light inner chambers. Transitional stages between the very small vesicles withvague cristae and the large mitochondria with distinct cristae were found in our leadstained preparations. Except in the Golgi region, ribosomes grouped into ring or tubular forms weredistributed all over the cytoplasm in the three kinds of the embryonic cells studied.Transitional stages between such ribosome clusters and the granulated vesicles and tubulescould be clearly demonstrated in the lead stained specimens. In the apical ectodermal thickening, granulated endoplasmic reticulum in the formof scattered small vesicles and tubules seemed to be more abundant than in the neighbor-ing ectoderm and underlying mesenchymal cells. But the most striking difference foundin the apical thickening was the expansion of the granulated endoplasmic reticula intolarge saccules, the cisternae of which containing a grayish dense substance. Another interesting phenomenon found in the apical ectodermal thickening was thepresence of dense bodies in the cytoplasm. They were in various sizes and densitieswith dense granules, masses or cords and various forms of vesicles. They might be round,oval or irregular with a complete, partial or entire absence of limiting membrane. Thosewithout membrane were usually irregular in form and could hardly be demarkated from their surrounding cytoplasm whence assembly of ribosome clusters, mitochondria andendoplasmic reticulum from the surrounding cytoplasm to form the dense bodies could befound. Preliminary histochemical studies found them to be positive in alkaline and acid-phosphatases and RNA staining. They were therefore considered to be lysosomes orcytosomes. The significance of the differences in mitochondrial form and structure, abundantand expanded cisternae of the granulated endoplasmic reticulum and the presence of thedense bodies in the apical ectodermal thickening in relation to embryonic differentiationof the limb was discussed.

用小白鼠胚胎阴栓日龄11—13天的前肢芽和后肢芽,锇酸固定,甲基丙烯酸甲酯及甲基丙烯酸丁酯包埋,在SEM Ⅲ型电子显微镜观察了肢芽尖端增厚外胚层、邻近普通外胚层及间充质细胞。部分材料用过锰酸钾固定或锇酸固定后氢氧化铅染色。各种细胞相互比较的结果如下: 1.两种外胚层的高尔基体极相似,均由小泡及小管组成,无大泡,横切时成为成群的小泡。普通外胚层细胞的高尔基体呈S形,增厚外胚层的马蹄形。 2.线粒体在普通外胚层卵圆形或圆形,嵴不整齐。增厚外胚层的线粒体在浅层细胞少,结构与普通外胚层相似,但愈至深层则细长的线粒体愈多。细长线粒体的嵴较密,亦较整齐,与表面垂直,基貭亦较致密。在尖端增厚外层细胞见到由胞质新形成的小泡过渡到小圆的线粒体。 3.无论在普通外胚层下或在尖端增厚外胚层下的间充质细胞,其线粒体的形状和结构相同,都是圆或卵圆,嵴少而靠近表面作半月状,内室大,基貭密度低,属比较原始的胚胎型。 4.嗜碱质在两种外胚层及间充貭细胞均以弥散的核朊粒为主,由5—10余粒组成小群落。这些群落在尖端增厚外胚层较大、较密,粒亦较多。普通外胚层细胞的有粒内貭网或动貭较间充貭为多,二者均系胚胎型,是分散的小泡或小管。尖端增厚外胚层的...

用小白鼠胚胎阴栓日龄11—13天的前肢芽和后肢芽,锇酸固定,甲基丙烯酸甲酯及甲基丙烯酸丁酯包埋,在SEM Ⅲ型电子显微镜观察了肢芽尖端增厚外胚层、邻近普通外胚层及间充质细胞。部分材料用过锰酸钾固定或锇酸固定后氢氧化铅染色。各种细胞相互比较的结果如下: 1.两种外胚层的高尔基体极相似,均由小泡及小管组成,无大泡,横切时成为成群的小泡。普通外胚层细胞的高尔基体呈S形,增厚外胚层的马蹄形。 2.线粒体在普通外胚层卵圆形或圆形,嵴不整齐。增厚外胚层的线粒体在浅层细胞少,结构与普通外胚层相似,但愈至深层则细长的线粒体愈多。细长线粒体的嵴较密,亦较整齐,与表面垂直,基貭亦较致密。在尖端增厚外层细胞见到由胞质新形成的小泡过渡到小圆的线粒体。 3.无论在普通外胚层下或在尖端增厚外胚层下的间充质细胞,其线粒体的形状和结构相同,都是圆或卵圆,嵴少而靠近表面作半月状,内室大,基貭密度低,属比较原始的胚胎型。 4.嗜碱质在两种外胚层及间充貭细胞均以弥散的核朊粒为主,由5—10余粒组成小群落。这些群落在尖端增厚外胚层较大、较密,粒亦较多。普通外胚层细胞的有粒内貭网或动貭较间充貭为多,二者均系胚胎型,是分散的小泡或小管。尖端增厚外胚层的动貭有独特形态,即池的一端扩张成大泡,内含网状致密物,显然含有较多的,要不是特异的蛋白貭。这种扩张动貭对于胚胎分化及诱导的关系曾加讨论。 5.动质的形成有证据表明是先从核朊粒群落出现膜成为动貭小泡或小管,再并合成较大的小泡和较长的小管。 6.增厚外胚层细胞的另一特点是比较普逼的存在着形状、大小及密度不同的致密体。有的完全致密,有的泡状,有的是二者的混合体,有的界限清楚,有的处于分散状态。在形态上类似溶酶体和卵子的多泡体。内含类似核朊粒的致密粒、退化线粒体及动质膜。这些致密体和细胞膜、核膜及高尔基体未显有何关系。基膜及细胞膜完好。未见增厚外胚层细胞有排出、吞食或饮液现象,亦未见致密体排至中胚层,故认为这些致密体起于胞貭。对于分化诱导关系曾提出讨论。 7.细胞核及核膜在三种细胞未见有显著不同。核膜有孔,其外膜可与动貭膜相连,核仁小,紧靠核膜,未见有排出现象。氢氧化铅染色的标本有时显示染色貭有微丝,这在胞貭核朊粒群落亦可出现。 8.细胞膜完整,比较直,膜的内侧有一层致密物貭,无桥粒。

This paper begins with the examination of the characters and the existing problems of large-scale systems, the importance and the present state in studying systems structures are discussed, and the hypergraphically structural model (total structure) are constructed, and then the metastructure are discussed. Some principles are derived from the studies of total structure and metastructure.Considering some positive and negative experiences in practising largescale systems in our country, we have attempted to develop...

This paper begins with the examination of the characters and the existing problems of large-scale systems, the importance and the present state in studying systems structures are discussed, and the hypergraphically structural model (total structure) are constructed, and then the metastructure are discussed. Some principles are derived from the studies of total structure and metastructure.Considering some positive and negative experiences in practising largescale systems in our country, we have attempted to develop the work with reference to methodological framework for systems engineering, such as [8]、[9]、 [10] and [11], proposed by A. D. Hall et al. Our main developments are as follows:1. the existential theorem of induced relational partition and the theorem of induced hierarchical structure by refinedly partitional sequence are proposed and proved. The attempt is focused on the introduction of an elementary, theoretical base for the studies of large-scale systems structures.2. Beside the structural studies of binary relation, we also propose the more general structures of n-ary relation and the relation of high order.3. BERGE's Hypergraph [13] is used to the structural studies of complex systems, and Finite Closure of systems structures is defined for the attempt to extend the sight and the application of large-scale systems structures.

本文从大系统特点和存在问题出发,讨论系统结构的意义和现状,建立大系统超图结构模型(总体结构),进而讨论亚结构。并在总体结构与亚结构研究基础上,引出系统结构若干原则。考虑国内大系统实践某些正、反两方面经验,对于A.D.Hall等关于系统工程方法论框架研究:[8]、[9]、[10]、[11],试图作以下发展: 1.建立并证明诱导关系划分存在定理和划分加细序列诱导层次结构定理。试图为大系统结构研究,提供初步理论依据。2.将国外只研究二元关系结构,发展为具有n-元关系,以及高阶关系的更一般结构。3.将BERGE的超图[13]应用到复杂结构研究中来,并定义大系统结构的有限闭包。试图扩大系统结构研究的眼界和应用范围。

Recently,the initial theory of Fuzzy syntopogenous structures was established by A.K.Katsaras. In this paper,another structure called Fuzzy syntopogenous g-fa-mily is defined, it is studied that the relation of Fuzzy syntopogenus structures and Fuzzy synlopogenous g-families. particularly, if g (X) is dense in L-fuzzy syntopogenoss spase (Y,S1) ,then Qs, is L-fuzzy syntopogenous g-family. Conversely, if Q Is Fuzzy g-family, then S1 and S2 = are respectively L-fuzzy syntopogenous structures on Y and on X.

最近A·K·Katsaras建立了Fuzzy拓扑共生结构的基础理论。本文定义了L—fuzzy拓扑共生g—族,讨论了Fuzzy拓扑共生结构与Fuzzy拓扑共生g—族的互相诱导关系。具体地,若g(X)在L—fuzzy拓扑共生空间(Y,S_1)中稠密,则Qs_1={G_(<<1_)∶<<_1∈S_1}是L—fuzzy拓扑共生g—族。反之,如果Q是L—fuzzy拓扑共生g—族,那么S_(1Q)={<<_(1G)∶G∈Q}和S_(2Q)={<<_(2G)∶G∈Q},分别是Y上和X上的L—fuzzy拓扑共生结构。

 
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