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老年院内
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  senile hospital
     Clinical Effect of Piperacillin/Tazobactam in the Treatment of the Senile Hospital Acquired Pneumonia
     哌啦西林/他唑巴坦治疗老年院内获得性肺炎的临床疗效
短句来源
     【Objective】To study the clinical effect of piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of senile hospital acquired pneumonia.
     【目的】观察哌啦西林/他唑巴坦在治疗老年院内获得性肺炎的临床疗效。
短句来源
     【Methods】Sixty eight cases of the senile hospital acquired pneumonia were randomly divided into piperacillin/tazobactam treatment group(34 cases) and ceftazidime treatment group(34 cases). The therapeutic effect and safety were compared between the two groups.
     【方法】68例老年院内获得性肺炎患者随机分为两组,每组各34例,分别给予哌啦西林/他唑巴坦与头孢他啶静脉滴注,并观察临床及细菌学指标、临床疗效及安全性。
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  “老年院内”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results The positive rate of geriatric nosocomial infection was 6.59%,the over all nosocomial infection was 3.08%.
     结果 老年院内感染发生率为 6 5 9% ,明显高于普通院内感染率 3 48% (P <0 0 5 )。
短句来源
     METHODS The elderly suffered from hospital acquired lower respiratory infection were given levofloxacin intravenously 300 mg once to twice a day, the course of treatment was 7 to 14 days.
     方法 以老年院内下呼吸道感染患者为观察对象 ,给予左氧氟沙星 30 0mg/次 ,1~ 2次 /d ,静脉点滴 ,疗程 7~ 14d。
短句来源
     All the cases had used antibiotic, 34 cases having more than 2 (82.9%). 28 cases had to stay in bed for a long time (68.29%). The mortality rate was 26.83%.
     结果老年院内获得性白念珠菌肺炎基础疾病以慢性阻塞性肺疾病、恶性肿瘤为主,发病前所有患者均使用抗生素,其中2种以上34例(82.93%),大部分患者长期卧床(68.29%),死亡率26.83%。
短句来源
     A study on 41 senile patients with hospital acquired nosocomical candida albicans pneumonia
     老年院内获得性白念珠菌肺炎41例临床分析
短句来源
     The etiololgy and bacterial resistance of aged patients with hospital acquired pneumonia
     老年院内获得性肺炎病原菌分布和耐药性分析
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  相似匹配句对
     Clinical analysis of infection in hospital of elderly cancer patients
     老年恶性肿瘤患者院内感染临床分析
短句来源
     Pathogens lsolated from Nosocomial Pulmonary lnfection in Senile Patients
     老年患者院内肺部感染病原菌分析
短句来源
     ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN THE AGED
     老年心肌梗塞
短句来源
     Systemic Lupus Erythemato sus(SLE) in the Aged
     老年SLE
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     In-Hospital Stroke
     院内卒中
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Pseudomonas

对30例老年院内肺部感染患者的痰标本分别进行多元PCR、一元PCR和常规培养检测绿脓杆菌、流感杆菌和肺炎链球菌。结果表明:(1)多元PCR的检测结果与一元PCR的完全一致,但前者更快速、简便;(2)PCR阳性检出率为66.67%(20/30),细菌培养的为33.33%(10/30),二者差异显著(P<0.01)。说明多元PCR特异性好,敏感性强,比一元PCR尤其是细菌培养大大节省时间,更适合检测混合感染的病原。提示多元PCR在临床病原微生物检测中具有优越的价值和广阔的前景。

Objective To study the effects of ultrasonic spray inhalation of houttuynia injection on infective pneumonia in hospital for aged people. Methods 62 subjects were divided into 2 groups with 34 in the experimental group and 28 in control. Both groups were treated with routine intravenous drip of Claforan. An extra ultrasonic spray inhalation of 10-20ml houttuynia injection combined with 20ml saline was applied to those in the experimental group. Results The general effective rate was 94.4% in the experimental...

Objective To study the effects of ultrasonic spray inhalation of houttuynia injection on infective pneumonia in hospital for aged people. Methods 62 subjects were divided into 2 groups with 34 in the experimental group and 28 in control. Both groups were treated with routine intravenous drip of Claforan. An extra ultrasonic spray inhalation of 10-20ml houttuynia injection combined with 20ml saline was applied to those in the experimental group. Results The general effective rate was 94.4% in the experimental group, making a remarkable contrast to the control ( P <0.05). Conclusion Ultrasonic spray inhalation of houttuynia injection on infective pneumonia in hospital for senile people possesses its clinical value.

目的 观察鱼腥草注射液超声雾化吸入治疗老年院内感染性肺炎的作用。方法 将 62例患者随机分成观察组 3 4例 ,对照组 2 8例。两组患者均常规静脉滴注头孢噻肟钠。对照组单纯静脉滴注上述药物 ;观察组在上述静脉给药的基础上使用鱼腥草注射液 10~ 2 0ml,生理盐水 2 0ml配成雾化液雾化吸入。结果 观察组总有效率为 94.4% ,与对照组比较有显著性差异 (P<0 .0 5 )。结论 超声雾化吸入鱼腥草注射液治疗老年院内感染性肺炎具有很好的临床应用价值。

Objective:To know for the bacteria of geriatric nosocomial pneumonia and the change of drug resistance in inpatient.Method:The bacteria were isolated from sputum of geriatric nosocomial pneumonia and thier drug resistance were analysed during Jume 199~June 2001.Results:The most prevailing isolates of pathogens of geriatric nosocomial pnuemonia were Gram negative bateria (67 9%) then fungi (22 08%) and Grampositive bacteria (10 73%), Escherichia coli in Gram negative bacteria (29 12%),then Nonfermenters(24...

Objective:To know for the bacteria of geriatric nosocomial pneumonia and the change of drug resistance in inpatient.Method:The bacteria were isolated from sputum of geriatric nosocomial pneumonia and thier drug resistance were analysed during Jume 199~June 2001.Results:The most prevailing isolates of pathogens of geriatric nosocomial pnuemonia were Gram negative bateria (67 9%) then fungi (22 08%) and Grampositive bacteria (10 73%), Escherichia coli in Gram negative bacteria (29 12%),then Nonfermenters(24 88%) and Klebsiella pneumonia(14 4%),49 52% Extended spectrum β lactamase (ESBLs) were inspected in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella;Candida albicans(68 57%)was main type of fungi and Staphylococcus of coagulase negative(87 88%) was main germs in Gram positive bacteria,Among Staphylococcus of coagulase negative MRSCN were 63 64%.The percentage of fungi increased from 15 43%(in 2000)to 29 03%(in 2001),and Gram positive bacteria also increased from 6 17%(in 2000) to 15 48%(in 2001),But that Gram negative bacteria decreased from 78 4%(in 2000) to 55 48%(in 2001) All the isolated pathogens had high grud resistance rate for common antibitics except for emipenem?piperacillin/tazobactam and vancomycin.Conclusions:The main pathogens of geriatric nosocomial pneumonia was Gram negative bacteria,but fungi infection was evry important.The most isolated pathogens were multidrug resistance,Understanding the kinds of bacteria changing and bacteria resistance rate increasing were prerequisite of useing antibiontics rationally.

目的 :了解老年人获得性肺炎的病原菌及耐药趋势。方法 :对本院 1999年 6月~ 2 0 0 1年 6月两年间老年性获得性肺炎患者的痰标本进行细菌学分离鉴定及耐药分析。结果 :老年院内感染以 G-杆菌为主67.19% ,其次是真菌 2 2 .0 8及 G+球菌 10 .73 %。 G-杆菌中以大肠埃希菌 (2 9.12 % )、非发酵菌 (2 4.88% )和肺炎克雷伯菌 (2 0 .19% )为主 ,在大肠埃希菌和肺炎克雷伯菌中 ,产超广谱 β-内酰胺酶株 (ESBL S)占49.5 2 % ;真菌中以白色假丝酵母菌 (68.5 7% )为主 ;G+球菌中以凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌为主 (87.88% ) ,耐苯唑西林凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌 (MRSCN)占 63 .64 %。 2 0 0 0年 6月~ 2 0 0 1年 6月所分离的细菌与上一年相比 ,真菌由 15 .43 %增加到 2 9.0 3 % (P<0 .0 1) ,G+球菌由 6.17%增加到 15 .48% (P<0 .0 1) ,G-杆菌由78.4%下降到 5 5 .48% (P<0 .0 1)。所分离细菌除对亚胺培南、特治星 (哌拉西...

目的 :了解老年人获得性肺炎的病原菌及耐药趋势。方法 :对本院 1999年 6月~ 2 0 0 1年 6月两年间老年性获得性肺炎患者的痰标本进行细菌学分离鉴定及耐药分析。结果 :老年院内感染以 G-杆菌为主67.19% ,其次是真菌 2 2 .0 8及 G+球菌 10 .73 %。 G-杆菌中以大肠埃希菌 (2 9.12 % )、非发酵菌 (2 4.88% )和肺炎克雷伯菌 (2 0 .19% )为主 ,在大肠埃希菌和肺炎克雷伯菌中 ,产超广谱 β-内酰胺酶株 (ESBL S)占49.5 2 % ;真菌中以白色假丝酵母菌 (68.5 7% )为主 ;G+球菌中以凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌为主 (87.88% ) ,耐苯唑西林凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌 (MRSCN)占 63 .64 %。 2 0 0 0年 6月~ 2 0 0 1年 6月所分离的细菌与上一年相比 ,真菌由 15 .43 %增加到 2 9.0 3 % (P<0 .0 1) ,G+球菌由 6.17%增加到 15 .48% (P<0 .0 1) ,G-杆菌由78.4%下降到 5 5 .48% (P<0 .0 1)。所分离细菌除对亚胺培南、特治星 (哌拉西林 /他唑巴坦 )及万古霉素耐药率较低外 ,常用的抗生素显示较高的耐药率。结论 :老年性获得性肺炎以 G-杆菌为主 ,而真菌的感染也不容忽视 ;致病菌呈多重耐药趋势 ,其感染菌谱的变迁和多重耐药率的升高应该引起高度重视 ,合理应用抗生素应有法规制度

 
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