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男女性
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  male and female
     Results:① the positive rates of UU in male and female were 8.8%(18/204) and 27.9%(57/204),the positive rates of CT were 2.9%(6/204)and 3.9%(8/204) respectively.
     结果:①男女性支原体阳性率分别为8.8%(18/204)和27.9%(57/204),衣原体阳性率分别为2.9%(6/204)和3.9%(8/204);
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     The incidence rates for cardia cancer for the male and female from 2000 through 2004 were 69.9/100,000 and 41.5/100,000, and the mortality rates were 54.3/100,000 and 33.2/100,000 respectively in the Shexian County.
     涉县2000~2004年贲门癌发病率男女性分别为69.9/10万和41.5/10万,死亡率男女性分别为54.3/10万和33.2/10万。
短句来源
     The birth defects prevalence of male and female newborns was 24.57‰ and 17.56‰, respectively.
     男女性出生缺陷发生率分别为 24 .57‰、17 .56‰;
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     significant differences were only found in emotion domain between male and female (χ2=7.374,P < 0.01),and female was higher than the male (31,13 times).
     男女性仅在情感问题上被选次数差异明显(χ2=7.374,P<0.01),且女性高于男性(31,13次)。
短句来源
     There was remarkable difference in the male and female crude incidence (χ 2=36.48,P<0.01).
     男女粗发病率性比值为2 13.男女性粗发病率经统计学检验,差异有显著性(χ2 =36 48,P<0 01).
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  males and females
     1The height of the C3-4, C4-5, C5-6,C6-7 mean disc spaces of males and females were (5.6±1.0) and (5.1±0.8) mm respectively, and the height of disc spaces of females were lower than the height of males (P < 0.05).
     ①男女性患者C3~4,C4~5,C5~6,C6~7平均椎间隙高度分别为(5.6±1.0),(5.1±0.8)mm,女性低于男性(P<0.05)。 ②男女性患者平均椎体间宽度分别为(26.6±4.1),(24.1±3.1)mm。
短句来源
     The results as follows (l)M20 latency in left and right hemisphere are 20.6±1.0ms,20.7± 1.2ms in males and 20.1 ± 0.9ms, 20.2+0.9ms in females. There is no significant difference between males and females(P>0.05).
     结果为(1)M20左、右半球潜伏期男性20.6±1.0ms和20.7±1.2ms,女性20.1±0.9ms和20.2±0.9ms,男女性同侧半球潜伏期无显著性差异(P>0.05);
短句来源
     There is no significant difference between males and females(P>0.05). (2) M 20 amplitudes in left and right hemisphere in males are 23.6±11.2nAm , 25.4±11.2nAm in males and 25.8±10.5nAm , 27.6±7.8nAm in females.
     (2)M20左、右半球波幅男性23.6±11.2nAm和25.4±11.2nAm,女性25.8±10.5nAm和27.6±7.8nAm,男女性同侧半球波幅无显著性差异(P>0.05);
短句来源
     (2) M20 amplitudes in left and right hemisphere in males are 23.6+ 11.2nAm , 25.4+ 11.2nAm in males and 25.8 + 10.5nAm , 27.6+7.8nAm in females. M20 source strength was not different in the isolateral hemisphere between males and females(P>0.05).
     (2)M20左、右半球波幅男性23.6±11.2nAm和25.4±11.2nAm,女性25.8±10.5nAm和27.6±7.8nAm,男女性同侧半球波幅无显著性差异(P>0.05);
短句来源
     RESULTS:The values of endomorphic-mesomorphic-ectomorphic factors in healthy males and females were 4.1-3.3-1.8 and 4.3-3.3-1.7 respectively,and those in male and female CHD patients were 4.9-4.3-1.6 and 4.5-3.2-1.4 respectively.
     结果:内-中-外因子均值健康男女性分别为4.1-3.3-1.8,4.3-3.3-1.7; 冠心病男女性分别为4.9-4.3-1.6,4.5-3.2-1.4;
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  “男女性”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results showed that the positive rates of Uu、Mh、Mpn、Mg and Mf were 48.9%19.8%10.8%7.4% and 1.0% in male cases,respectively,and 61.5%,34.2%,7.6%, 4.0% and 0% in female cases,respectively.
     结果发现 ,男女性STD者Uu、Mh、Mg、Mpn、Mf检出率分别为 4 8 9%、19 8%、10 8%、7 4 %、1 0 %和 61 5%、34 2 %、7 6%、4 0 %和 0 %。
短句来源
     The results were as follows (1) M 20 latency in left and right hemisphere are 20.6±1.0ms,20.7±1.2ms in males and 20.1±0.9ms, 20.2±0.9ms in females.
     结果为(1)M20左、右半球潜伏期男性20.6±1.0ms和20.7±1.2ms,女性20.1±0.9ms和20.2±0.9ms,男女性同侧半球潜伏期无显著性差异(P>0.05);
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     in ordinary migraine males were 60%,females were 21.7%.
     普通型男性60%、女性21.7%,男女性差明显。
短句来源
     Results:(1) In both sexes, the upper arch of AngleⅡ1 subjects was larger than that of normal occlusion (1.8% for females and 2.7% for males);
     结果(1)无论男女性,AngleⅡ1的上牙弓长度大于正常的上牙弓,女性大1.8%,男性大2.7%;
短句来源
     The sex ratio (male to female) are 1.8、1.7、1.6 and 1.7 respectively, no obvious difference;
     食管癌男女性比例70、80、90年代和新世纪初分别为1.8、1.7、1.6和1.7,差别不大;
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  male and female
Picroliv significantly reverted most of the above said altered blood and hepatic parameters in the alcohol-fed male and female rats to almost normal levels.
      
A total of 144 Kunming mice, male and female with body mass of (22±3) g, were used.
      
Part One of the Experiment: a total of 104 Kunming mice, male and female, were randomly divided into 13 groups.
      
Specific polypeptides in the protein pattern of male and female plants belonging to two species, A.
      
The individual differences in the response of male and female rats to repeated exposure to acute hypobaric hypoxia were experimentally studied.
      
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  males and females
There were significant differences in foraging time, alert time and walking time between males and females (P >amp;lt; 0.05).
      
The activity and proportion of forms of such behavior differ in males and females.
      
The obtained data also testify to a difference in the degree of the involvement of human hemispheres in the perception and analysis of prosodic characteristics of the speech in males and females.
      
In males and females, these changes are similar but have different degrees of severity.
      
With maximum muscular exercise performed by both males and females, a decrease in hand and forearm blood flow was due to vasoconstriction caused by the mechanical pressure of working muscles.
      
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The subclavian artery of 122 Chinese children(male 54,female 68 with abody length of 50—120cm) was studied.It was found that branches arisingdirectly from the subclavian artery were 3 to 6 in number,among which the4-branch type was comparatively more than the other types(39.3%).These branches consisted of the vertebral,the thyro-cervical trunk,thecosto-cervical trunk and the internal mammary artery.The thyro-cervical trunkwas composed of the inferior thyroid,the ascending cervical,the suprascapularand the transverse...

The subclavian artery of 122 Chinese children(male 54,female 68 with abody length of 50—120cm) was studied.It was found that branches arisingdirectly from the subclavian artery were 3 to 6 in number,among which the4-branch type was comparatively more than the other types(39.3%).These branches consisted of the vertebral,the thyro-cervical trunk,thecosto-cervical trunk and the internal mammary artery.The thyro-cervical trunkwas composed of the inferior thyroid,the ascending cervical,the suprascapularand the transverse scapular artery.The transverse cervical artery arose morefrequently from the thyro-cervical trunk(total 66.0%;45.5% independently,20.5% together with the suprascapular artery)than as a direct branch of thesubclavian artery(total 33.6%;29.1% independently,4.5% together with thesuprascapular artery).This observation on the transverse cervical artery coinsides with the des-cription of the English authors but does not agree with that of current text-books in which it is stated that the transverse cervical artery arises directlyfrom the subclavian artery.In about 1/3 of the cases(31.1%) branching was symmetrical whereas inabout 2/3 of the cases(68.9%) it was asymmetrical.

1.锁骨下动脉,左侧起于主动脉弓的非常固定,右侧起于头臂干的时有变异,较常见的是成为主动脉弓的第四枝向右过脊柱与食管之间而后经路与一般的相同,这种变异本材料中有3.3±1.6%。血管周径右侧粗的居多。2.锁骨下动脉分枝,个体差异很大,分枝数变动于3—6枝之间,本材料中以四个独立枝的居多为总数的39.3±3.1%,四枝中含有椎动脉、甲状颈干、胸廓内动脉、肋颈干等四个独立枝,而甲状颈干由甲状腺下、颈升、颈浅、肩胛上、颈横等五枝组成的为代表型,为总数的32.7±3.0%。3.锁骨下动脉分枝类型在个体上的分布,变动性很大,有31.1±4.1%是对称型,有68.9±4.1%是不对称型,对称型中以第Ⅱ型之第1分型为多,居总数的16.4±3.3%,不对称中以左侧Ⅱ型右侧Ⅲ型的较多见,为总数的10.6±2.7%,其次是左侧Ⅲ型右侧Ⅱ型的为总数的9.0±2.5%。4.椎动脉两侧起于锁骨下动脉的居多,占总数的92.2±1.7%,左侧椎动脉直接起于主动脉弓的也较常见,本材料中有5.7±1.4%。血管周径两侧等粗的较多,为42.7±3.4%,右侧粗的较少为17.6±3.6%,本动脉向上进入第六颈椎横突孔的为最多,占总数的82.4±2...

1.锁骨下动脉,左侧起于主动脉弓的非常固定,右侧起于头臂干的时有变异,较常见的是成为主动脉弓的第四枝向右过脊柱与食管之间而后经路与一般的相同,这种变异本材料中有3.3±1.6%。血管周径右侧粗的居多。2.锁骨下动脉分枝,个体差异很大,分枝数变动于3—6枝之间,本材料中以四个独立枝的居多为总数的39.3±3.1%,四枝中含有椎动脉、甲状颈干、胸廓内动脉、肋颈干等四个独立枝,而甲状颈干由甲状腺下、颈升、颈浅、肩胛上、颈横等五枝组成的为代表型,为总数的32.7±3.0%。3.锁骨下动脉分枝类型在个体上的分布,变动性很大,有31.1±4.1%是对称型,有68.9±4.1%是不对称型,对称型中以第Ⅱ型之第1分型为多,居总数的16.4±3.3%,不对称中以左侧Ⅱ型右侧Ⅲ型的较多见,为总数的10.6±2.7%,其次是左侧Ⅲ型右侧Ⅱ型的为总数的9.0±2.5%。4.椎动脉两侧起于锁骨下动脉的居多,占总数的92.2±1.7%,左侧椎动脉直接起于主动脉弓的也较常见,本材料中有5.7±1.4%。血管周径两侧等粗的较多,为42.7±3.4%,右侧粗的较少为17.6±3.6%,本动脉向上进入第六颈椎横突孔的为最多,占总数的82.4±2.5%,尚有10.2±2.1%进入第五颈椎横突孔。5.胸廓内动脉,独立由锁骨下动脉起始的占82.4±2.4%共同干中以与甲状颈干同干的为多,占11.0±2.0%,与肩胛上同干的5.7±1.5%,起点居前斜角肌内侧的为98.8±0.6%,位于后方及外侧的较少。6.甲状腺下动脉由甲状颈干起始的非常固定,为94.3±1.4%,有少数起于锁骨下动脉或椎动脉,本动脉有时完全缺如,或特别细弱而不能达及腺体,此时主要由甲状腺最下动脉或本侧甲状腺上动脉代替之。7.颈升动脉的起始,变动性大,有41.0±3.1%起于甲状颈干,有29.1±2.9%起于颈横动脉,15.1±2.2%起于甲状颈干,有8.6±1.7%起颈浅动脉,4.5±1.3%起于肩胛上动脉,少数有双枝存在。8.肩胛上动脉的起始,变动性较大,有37.7±3.1%起于甲状颈干,有30.8±2.9%起于锁骨下动脉。20.5±2.5%与颈横动脉同干起于甲状颈干,还有的起于胸廓内或与颈横动脉同干起自锁骨下动脉的。起点位于前斜角肌内侧的居多,有60.6±3.1%,居后方的较少见,由前斜角肌内侧起始的都过臂丛神经的浅面,反之则穿过或过臂神经丛的下方。9.颈横动脉的起始,各国人间的差异很大,本材料中以起自甲状颈干的为多,占45.5±3.1%,起自锁骨下动脉的有29.1±2.9%,与肩胛上动脉同干起于甲状颈干的20.5± 2.5%,还有的与肩胛上同干起自锁骨下动脉或起胸廓内动脉的。起点居前斜角肌内侧的篇多。10.颈浅动脉由颈横动脉起始的67.2±3.0%,由甲状颈干起始的27.0±2.8%,还有的起于肩胛上动脉或锁骨下动脉。11.肋颈干是锁骨下动脉分枝中非常固定的一枝,本材料中有90.9±1.8%,有少数颈深动脉与最上肋间动脉不成干而独立起始的,肋颈干两侧起点左侧位第一段的有81.1±3.5%,右侧位第二段的有93.5±2.2%,颈深动脉多过第一肋骨上面而最上肋间动脉多过第一肋骨前面分布,仅有少数过肋骨下面或后面的,其分布区域以第一、二肋间隙的为最多见。综合观察材料中,除椎动脉起于锁骨下动脉右侧较多见,(其侧差12.3±3.5%),及胸廓内动脉起始于锁骨下动脉者右侧多于左侧者(侧差18.8±4.7%)外,其它部分男女性差及左右侧差均不显著。

The internal iliac artery and its chief branches were observed on both sides of 160 Chinese cadavers. The origin of the internal iliac artery was mostly on a level with the 5th lumbar vertebra and lumbo-sacral intervertebral disc (80.94%). In most instances,the right side was higher than that of the left, and the male higher than that of the fe-male.According to the origin of its three main branches--superior gluteal, inferior glutealand internal pudendal arteries--the types of branching of the internal iliac...

The internal iliac artery and its chief branches were observed on both sides of 160 Chinese cadavers. The origin of the internal iliac artery was mostly on a level with the 5th lumbar vertebra and lumbo-sacral intervertebral disc (80.94%). In most instances,the right side was higher than that of the left, and the male higher than that of the fe-male.According to the origin of its three main branches--superior gluteal, inferior glutealand internal pudendal arteries--the types of branching of the internal iliac artery mightbe classified into five types and ten subtypes. The prevailing type was type Ⅰ (55.94%),in which the internal iliac artery gave off first the superior gluteal artery, then the inferiorgluteal-pudendal trunk. Many of the superior gluteal artery (79.06%) perforated the sacral nervous plexusbetween the lumbo-sacral trunk and first sacral nerve. In 94.69% of the pudendal artery and 51.6% of the inferior gluteal artery left the pelvis by passing in front of the sacralplexus.The ilio-lumbar artery varied from 1--3 in number, most of them (65.62%) weresingle. This artery might spring from the superior gluteal artery. The obturator arteryusually originated from the internal iliac artery (80%), occasionally from the external iliac artery (17.19%), rarely from both (2.81%). The middle rectal artery commonlysprang from the internal pudendal artery. The double uterine artery was found in 11cases, the additional artery always sprang from the umbilical portion of the internal iliac artery.

观察了320侧成人的髂内动脉及其主要分支。髂内动脉的起点多平第五腰椎和腰骶椎间盘的高度(80.94%),在左、右侧之间,多数是右高于左;在男、女性之间,有男高于女的趋势。依髂内动脉发出臀上、臀下和阴部内动脉三大分支的情况,将髂内动脉的分支型式分为五大型共10个分型。各型中,以先发出臀上动脉,后发出臀下阴部干的(Ⅰ型)最多,占55.94%。髂内动脉三大分支与骶丛的主要位置关系是:臀上动脉多数穿过腰骶干与第一骶神经之间(79.06%);臀下动脉以经骶丛前方出盆的较多(51.65%);阴部内动脉绝大多数经骶丛前方出盆(94.69%)。髂腰动脉只有一支的占65.62%,有二支的占30%,有三支的占4.38%。髂腰动脉多数直接起于髂内动脉或臀上动脉。骶外侧动脉的支数为1—6支不等,其以有二支的为最多,占63.74%。骶外侧动脉多数起自臀上动脉。闭孔动脉起于髂内动脉系的占80%,起于髂外动脉系的占17.19%,起于髂内、外动脉系的占2.81%。直肠中动脉以起于阴部内动脉的较多。子宫动脉多数只有一支,有11例标本有两支子宫动脉,这些动脉多发自髂内动脉的脐动脉段。副阴部动脉的出现率颇高,占24.37%,该动脉经耻骨联合下方出...

观察了320侧成人的髂内动脉及其主要分支。髂内动脉的起点多平第五腰椎和腰骶椎间盘的高度(80.94%),在左、右侧之间,多数是右高于左;在男、女性之间,有男高于女的趋势。依髂内动脉发出臀上、臀下和阴部内动脉三大分支的情况,将髂内动脉的分支型式分为五大型共10个分型。各型中,以先发出臀上动脉,后发出臀下阴部干的(Ⅰ型)最多,占55.94%。髂内动脉三大分支与骶丛的主要位置关系是:臀上动脉多数穿过腰骶干与第一骶神经之间(79.06%);臀下动脉以经骶丛前方出盆的较多(51.65%);阴部内动脉绝大多数经骶丛前方出盆(94.69%)。髂腰动脉只有一支的占65.62%,有二支的占30%,有三支的占4.38%。髂腰动脉多数直接起于髂内动脉或臀上动脉。骶外侧动脉的支数为1—6支不等,其以有二支的为最多,占63.74%。骶外侧动脉多数起自臀上动脉。闭孔动脉起于髂内动脉系的占80%,起于髂外动脉系的占17.19%,起于髂内、外动脉系的占2.81%。直肠中动脉以起于阴部内动脉的较多。子宫动脉多数只有一支,有11例标本有两支子宫动脉,这些动脉多发自髂内动脉的脐动脉段。副阴部动脉的出现率颇高,占24.37%,该动脉经耻骨联合下方出盆,分布于阴茎或阴蒂。

320 sides of origin of the obturator artery and the blood vessels related to the fe-moral ring of Chinese adults were studied. There were 309 instances with a single ob-turator artery (254 arose from the internal iliac artery and 55 from the external iliacartery) and 11 cases with double obturator arteries.The internal iliac origin of the obturator artery bore no relation to the branchingtypes of internal iliac artery.The anomalous obturator artery which originated from the external iliac artery ap-peared in...

320 sides of origin of the obturator artery and the blood vessels related to the fe-moral ring of Chinese adults were studied. There were 309 instances with a single ob-turator artery (254 arose from the internal iliac artery and 55 from the external iliacartery) and 11 cases with double obturator arteries.The internal iliac origin of the obturator artery bore no relation to the branchingtypes of internal iliac artery.The anomalous obturator artery which originated from the external iliac artery ap-peared in 20% of the total specimens. This frequency corresponds with that of theJapanese, but lower than that of the Europeans and Americans. Sex and side failed toshow any difference.The courses of the anomalous obturator arteries and their relation to the femoralring were analyzed. The artery which passed through the medial side of the femoral ring and behind the lacunare ligament, is of clinical importance and was found in 5% of the specimens observed. The percentage is higher than that reported in the literature.Besides, there were comparatively larger veins which ran medially to the femoral ring and opened into the external iliac vein (found in 42.5%).

观察了320侧中国成年人闭孔动脉的起源和股环与邻近血管的比邻关系。每侧有一支闭孔动脉的共309例,其中起源于髂内动脉系的254例,起源于髂外动脉系的55例。每侧有两支闭孔动脉的共11例,两动脉均起源于髂内动脉系的二例,两动脉分别起源于髂内动脉系和髂外动脉系的九例。闭孔动脉在髂内动脉系的起源点比较分散,与髂内动脉的分支类型没有什么关系。起源于髂外动脉系的异常闭孔动脉,按侧别计,其出现率为20%;按尸体计,其出现率为33.13%。中国人的异常闭孔动脉的出现率与日本人接近,而低于欧美人。异常闭孔动脉的出现率在左、右侧之间和男、女性之间均无显著差异。分析了异常闭孔动脉的行程及其与股环的位置关系,其中具有临床意义的是闭孔动脉行经股环的内侧、紧贴陷窝韧带的后方下行,出现率占总数的5%,较其他作者所报导的出现率高,值得重视。此外,在42.5%的标本中,有较大的静脉行经股环内侧汇入髂外静脉。

 
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