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女性外观
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  female appearance
     With sex hormone replacement, the patients could keep adult female appearance, but did not have reproductive function.
     经补充性激素治疗,患者均能维持成年女性外观,但无生育功能。
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  “女性外观”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Follow-up was conducted for 2 months to 7 years; all the 24 patients kept perfect glans of clitoris. Of them,22 cases obtained female external genitalia and 2 cases waited for vaginoplasty.
     结果随诊2个月~7年,24例均完整保留了阴蒂头组织,22例外阴基本达到正常女性外观,2例阴道开口位置较高者尚待再行阴道成形术。
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  相似匹配句对
     Metropolis ·Female
     都市·女性
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     modifies female.
     修饰女性
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     The religious outword appearance of French Revolution
     法国大革命的宗教外观
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     Appcarance guality of tyres
     轮胎外观质量
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     From Sex Blind to Sex Misconception: A Review of Female Images in Popular Culture
     从性别盲点到性别误区?我国大众文化中的女性形象外观论析
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  female appearance
Data on the rate of mictic female appearance, fertilization and fecundity of fertilized mictic females support these findings.
      
The male chest has a female appearance in patients with gynecomastia and those who have experienced a huge weight loss.
      
A role in female attractiveness was suspected, but fluctuations in female behaviors concomitant to these changes in female appearance have always prevented its assessment.
      
Each of the family-oriented cartoons was analyzed for frequency of male and female appearance, location of appearance, major activities, and the presence or absence of reading material and "the traditional symbol of domestication"-the apron [S.
      
Despite a female appearance during childhood, by the onset of puberty, the body will masculinize.
      
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Objective To improve the diagnosis and the treatment level of 17α-hydroxylase / 17, 20 -lyase deficiency. Methods 24 patients suffering from this disease were diagnosed and treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 1978 to 2002. All the patients had comprehensive hormone assay and some had bone mineral density detection. Results 20 patients with complete combined defect in this study had typical clinical presentation of hypertension and hypokalemia and presented both karyotype 46,XX or 46,XY. All...

Objective To improve the diagnosis and the treatment level of 17α-hydroxylase / 17, 20 -lyase deficiency. Methods 24 patients suffering from this disease were diagnosed and treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 1978 to 2002. All the patients had comprehensive hormone assay and some had bone mineral density detection. Results 20 patients with complete combined defect in this study had typical clinical presentation of hypertension and hypokalemia and presented both karyotype 46,XX or 46,XY. All had female external genitalia and lacked spontaneous puberty. The circulating concentrations of cortisol and gonadal steroids were reduced and that of gonadotropin was elevated, whereas in the remaining 4 cases with partial combined deficiencies, adrenal corticotropic hormone stimulating test as well as the results of the sex hormone determination suggested that there was partial 17α-hydroxylase /17, 20 -lyase enzyme activities in their adrenal glands or sexual glands. Long term follow up data showed that in most of the patients , small doses of dexamethasone (0.1-0.375 mg per day) could achieve good control of hypertension and correct hypokalemia, but in five patients other drugs were needed for normalization of blood pressure. With sex hormone replacement, the patients could keep adult female appearance, but did not have reproductive function. Conclusions In clinical work it is necessary to enhance the recognition of partial combined 17α-hydroxylase / 17, 20 -lyase deficiency. Long term regulation treatment can achieve good control of blood pressure and rectify the low blood potassium.

目的提高对17α羟化酶/17,20裂解酶缺陷症的认识和诊疗水平。方法回顾性分析1978年至2002年北京协和医院诊治的24例17α羟化酶/17,20裂解酶缺陷症患者的临床特点及长期随诊资料。所有患者均进行了较为完善的生化检查及相关内分泌激素测定,部分患者行骨密度测定。结果20例完全性联合缺陷症患者均存在高血压、低血钾及缺乏青春期性腺发育;测定示血、尿皮质醇水平低于正常,促肾上腺皮质激素(ACTH)反馈性增高;性激素明显低于正常,而促性腺激素增高。17例患者测定结果显示血浆肾素活性受到抑制,醛固酮水平高于正常。9例患者骨密度测定显示骨量明显低于同龄人。4例部分性联合缺陷症患者中,2例有自发月经,1例患者外生殖器呈两性畸形,1例原发闭经患者血压和血钾均正常。ACTH兴奋试验以及性激素测定的结果提示,这4例患者的肾上腺或性腺尚存在部分17α羟化酶/17,20裂解酶活性。多数患者应用小剂量地塞米松(0.1~0.375mg/d)可使血压、血钾正常。经补充性激素治疗,患者均能维持成年女性外观,但无生育功能。结论临床工作中应加强对部分性联合缺陷症的认识。患者长期规律治疗可良好控制血压及纠正低血钾。

Objective To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of female pseudohermaphroditism caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Methods This study included 24 female patients (mean age,5.7 years) who appeared severely virilized (enlarged clitoris,ambiguous genitalia,strapping,deep-voice).After treatment with sufficient hormone therapy (hydrocortisone acetate for 3-6 months),all the 24 cases underwent genitoplasty.Of them,13 cases underwent clitoroplasty (corporal resection) and 11,clitorovaginoplasty. Results Follow-up...

Objective To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of female pseudohermaphroditism caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Methods This study included 24 female patients (mean age,5.7 years) who appeared severely virilized (enlarged clitoris,ambiguous genitalia,strapping,deep-voice).After treatment with sufficient hormone therapy (hydrocortisone acetate for 3-6 months),all the 24 cases underwent genitoplasty.Of them,13 cases underwent clitoroplasty (corporal resection) and 11,clitorovaginoplasty. Results Follow-up was conducted for 2 months to 7 years;all the 24 patients kept perfect glans of clitoris.Of them,22 cases obtained female external genitalia and 2 cases waited for vaginoplasty.Eight cases who were in puberty manifested female sexual characteristics. Conclusions Patients with female pseudohermaphroditism caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency should be firstly treated with hormone therapy.For the patients with external genital abnormality,genitoplasty is needed to obtain good cosmetic effect of the external genitalia.

目的探讨21-羟化酶缺乏(21-hydroxylasedeficiency,21-OHD)致女性假两性畸形的临床诊断及治疗方法。方法21-羟化酶缺乏症患者24例,女,平均年龄5岁8个月。临床表现为男性化征象,阴蒂肥大、外生殖器模糊不清、身材粗壮、声音低沉等,经醋酸氢化可的松替代治疗3~6个月后,采用保留阴蒂头阴蒂缩短整形术13例,阴蒂阴道成形术11例。结果随诊2个月~7年,24例均完整保留了阴蒂头组织,22例外阴基本达到正常女性外观,2例阴道开口位置较高者尚待再行阴道成形术。8例进入青春期患者有正常女性性征出现。结论21-羟化酶缺乏导致的女性假两性畸形应首先行内分泌治疗,外阴显著异常者需结合外阴矫形术,以达到满意效果。

 
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