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第二肋
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  second rib
     Results With the upper limb hyperabducted at 120 degrees, anteriorly tilting at 30 degrees, through an 1.5 cm transverse incision made posteriorly to the margin of pectoralis major and along the second rib, the apparatus was inserted toward the point 6.5 cm laterally apart from the sternoclavicular articulation and 7.8 cm in depth, reaching the insertions of the anterior and middle scalene muscle on the first rib without injury to the nerves and vessels.
     结果侧卧位,上肢外展上举120°、前倾30°,取胸大肌后缘第二肋水平1.5cm皮肤横切口,器械沿胸壁向胸锁关节外侧6.5cm处插入7.8cm左右,顺利到达第一肋表面前中斜角肌止点,自皮肤至第一肋的走行中不伤及血管、神经。
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     ④The regressive equation between phrenic nerve length (Y)from superior margin of second rib to entrance point of diaphragm and body height (X).
     ④膈神经自第二肋上缘至入肌点长度(Y)与身高(X)的回归方程:男性左侧:Y=0.106X+0.881,右侧:Y=0.083X+0.253;
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  “第二肋”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The phrenic nerve was withdrawn out supraclavicularly in 3 cases and subclavicularly from the 2nd intercostal space in 2 cases.
     膈神经自锁骨上抽出经皮下引至肌皮神经 3例 ,于锁骨下自第二肋间引出移位于肌皮神经 2例。
短句来源
     In the experimental group, the left phrenic nerve was harvested by open chest approach, which was withdrawn from the second intercostal space, and then anastomosed directly with the muscular branch of the flexor digitorom profundus of median nerve at the left side.
     实验组 :开胸切断左侧膈神经远端后从第二肋间抽出 ,与左侧正中神经的指深屈肌肌支缝接。
短句来源
     ②The length from superior margin of the second parasternal rib to the entrance point of diaphragm:in male,on the left side(18.73±1.59)cm,on the right side(14.44±1.48)cm.
     ②自胸骨旁第二肋上缘至入肌点长度:男性左侧(18.73±1.59)cm,右侧(14.44±1.48)cm;
短句来源
     Thymectomy by sternum transverse in second spatium intercostale incision in treatment of myasthenia gravis
     胸骨横断第二肋间切口胸腺切除治疗重症肌无力365例体会
短句来源
     The X-ray image confirmed that the catheter tip was located at the second intercostal space, the maximal arterial flow rate was over 300ml/min.
     成功 5例X光摄片证实 ,导管前端位于第二肋间 ,最高血流量可达 3 5 0ml以上。
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  相似匹配句对
     Secondly, legalization.
     第二
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     The second issue is explanation of crime of disrupting the orde
     第二
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     2. It has a rib.
     (2) 带;
短句来源
     Thymectomy by sternum transverse in second spatium intercostale incision in treatment of myasthenia gravis
     胸骨横断第二间切口胸腺切除治疗重症肌无力365例体会
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  second rib
An endoscope is inserted through 10-mm trocars, one above the manubrium and the second through the second rib space.
      
An unusual case of fractures of the mid- and distal clavicle complicated by a scapular neck fracture and second rib fracture on the ipsilateral side is reported.
      
After excision of the central end of the second rib complete resection of the first and third ganglia with their rami is often difficult.
      
CT scan of a patient who had a superior sulcus tumor shows an apical mass and destruc tion of the posterior second rib.
      
Mediastinal CT showed large iso dense extrapleural mass around the left second rib.
      
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According to the principles of intracardiac electrogram, right atrial activity was recorded non-invasively. One of the two exploration electrodes was put on the second intercostal level 2 cm apart from the right border of the sternum (as anode) and the other was on a position 2 cm below the point of the middle and outer one third of the right clavicle (as cathode). Signals from the pair of electrodes were amplified by a bioelectric amplifier. The result suggests that the atrial wave recorded with the above method...

According to the principles of intracardiac electrogram, right atrial activity was recorded non-invasively. One of the two exploration electrodes was put on the second intercostal level 2 cm apart from the right border of the sternum (as anode) and the other was on a position 2 cm below the point of the middle and outer one third of the right clavicle (as cathode). Signals from the pair of electrodes were amplified by a bioelectric amplifier. The result suggests that the atrial wave recorded with the above method could represent approximately the right atrial activity.

本文通过心内和心外电生理比较的方法探讨了无创性记录右房电活动的可能性。根据心内电生理记录点电位的原理和方法,以胸骨右缘第二肋间2厘米处作为阳极,右锁骨中、外1/3交点下方2厘米处为阴极,信号经生物电放大器处理,所得到的心房电位与高位右房电位最接近,因此,可作为无创性标测右房电位的记录方法。

In 32 adult cadavers, the constitutional patterns, the veins droinning upward and downward and it's external diameter, transverse and longitudinal anastomotic brancnes, valves of the first to the forth intercostal vein were dissedted and studied. In the end the clinical application and significance in the diagnosis of these veins were also discussed.

在32具成人尸体上解剖观察了第14对肋间静脉间的组合型式、交通支、上、下端的汇入处及瓣膜发现第一肋间静脉经肋骨小头下向上可汇入椎静脉、头臂静脉、锁骨下静脉,其中以椎静脉为主(右侧40.63%左侧37.5%),汇入处外径右侧2.03±0.76mm,左侧2.13±0.91mm。第1-4对肋间静脉间的组合型式也相当复杂。右侧以第二与第三肋间静脉共干江入夺静脉弓较多,占28.13%,汇入处外径4.36±2.12mm。左侧以第二,第三和第四肋间静脉共干汇入奇静脉或副半奇静脉较多,占37.5%,汇入处外径2.56±1.71mm。同侧第1-4肋间静脉之间的纵行交通支左侧有19支(占59.4%),右侧有10支(占31.3%),主要是第一与第二肋间静脉之间的交通支。静脉内瓣膜较少(右侧19处,左侧11处)。

Objective To introduce the new surgical procedure of harvesting the phrenic nerve by thoracoscope. Methods The new procedure was applied in 5 patients with brachial plexus avulsion injury. The phrenic nerve was mobilized to its full length in the thorasic cavity and harvested thoracoscopically, and then transferred to the musculocutaneous nerve. The phrenic nerve was withdrawn out supraclavicularly in 3 cases and subclavicularly from the 2nd intercostal space in 2 cases. It was then coapted with the main trunk...

Objective To introduce the new surgical procedure of harvesting the phrenic nerve by thoracoscope. Methods The new procedure was applied in 5 patients with brachial plexus avulsion injury. The phrenic nerve was mobilized to its full length in the thorasic cavity and harvested thoracoscopically, and then transferred to the musculocutaneous nerve. The phrenic nerve was withdrawn out supraclavicularly in 3 cases and subclavicularly from the 2nd intercostal space in 2 cases. It was then coapted with the main trunk of the musculocutaneous nerve in 3 cases and with the motor branch of the musculocutaneous nerve in 2 cases. Results The first patient got the phrenic nerve regeneration evidence by EMG test 110 days after the operation. Conclusions Thoracoscopic harvesting of the phrenic nerve to its full length is the best way in phrenic nerve transfer with minor surgical trauma and faster recovery. Since the phrenic nerve is long enough to be transferred to the median nerve or the ulnar nerve, it might be a hopeful method to restore partial function of the lower trunk after brachial plexus whole root avulsion.

目的 首创在胸腔镜视下切断膈神经远端移接于肌皮神经的新术式。方法 临床应用 5例。在胸腔镜视下于入膈肌近端切断膈神经 ,游离在胸腔内的膈神经全长。膈神经自锁骨上抽出经皮下引至肌皮神经 3例 ,于锁骨下自第二肋间引出移位于肌皮神经 2例。移接于肌皮神经主干 2例 ,移接于肌皮神经肌支 3例。首例于术后 110d ,检测肱二头肌肌电图出现再生电位。结论 胸腔镜视下切断并游离胸腔内膈神经全长 ,是膈神经移位术中切取膈神经的最佳术式。手术创伤小 ,术后恢复快。这一术式也可将膈神经移接于正中、尺神经 ,对提高臂丛根性撕脱伤的治疗效果起积极作用。

 
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