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听力丧失
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  hearing loss
     Result:The average hearing loss before treatment was in 52.4±7.2dB HL and that after treatment was in 37.0±7.2dB HL,the difference was apparently significant(P<0.001).
     结果 :治疗前听力丧失 (HL )平均 52 .4± 7.2 d B,治疗后平均为 37.0± 7.2 d B,差异有高度显著性 (P<0 .0 0 1 )。
短句来源
     The chief permanent complications:In Group A the rate of hearing loss or serious decline was 5.68% ,the rate of ataxia was 0.33%,and the rate of hemifaeial palsy was 0.26%;
     主要永久并发症发生率:A组,听力丧失或严重减退5.68%,共济失调0.33%,面瘫0.26%;
短句来源
     In Group B the rate of hearing loss or serious decline was 2.79% ,the rate of ataxia was 0.07% ,and the rate of hemifacia] palsy was 0.07%.
     B组,听力丧失或严重减退2.79%,共济失调0.07%。
短句来源
     “Audio 4”: A simple and quick speech audiometry test for moderate hearing loss screening in four-year-old children (Fren)
     “Audio4”:用于4岁儿童筛查中度听力丧失的一项简单快速的言语测听试验
短句来源
     The relationship between histopathological changes and gene mutantation in mice with age-related hearing loss
     增龄相关听力丧失小鼠耳蜗毛细胞表型与基因突变的关系
短句来源
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  “听力丧失”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Cochlear nerve anatomic preservation was in 25 patients(83.3%) during operation,useful hearing preservation was in 2 patients in 2 weeks postoperatively(account for 28.6% of all patients with useful hearing preoperatively),measurable but not useful hearing preservation was in 15 patients.
     耳蜗神经解剖保留25例83.3%),手术后2周有效听力保留2例(占术前存在有效听力患者的28.6%),有效听力丧失但可测听力保留15例。
短句来源
     In a C57/bl6 background, nearly all AQP4 null mice were deaf, whereas ABRs could be elicited in wildtype controls. ABRs in AQP4 null CD1 mice measured in response to tone bursts (4-20 kHz) indicated a frequency-independent hearing deficit.
     在短声刺激下,远交系(CD1)AQP4敲除小鼠听力脑干反应阈值显著高与野生型小鼠(CD1)大约12dB,几乎所有近交系(C57/B16)AQP4敲除小鼠听力丧失
短句来源
     Results 19 patients preserved cochlear nerve intactly, 2 patients had effective hearing(accout for 33 3% patients coith effective hearing preoperatively), 10 patients had preserve measureable but not effective hearing.
     结果 耳蜗神经解剖保留 1 9例 ,保留有效听力 2例 (占术前存在有效听力患者的 33 3 % ) ,有效听力丧失保留可测听力 1 0例。
短句来源
     Group B:there were two cases lost double side hearing in fourteen cases,all others kept at least one side available hearing , hearing preservation rate was 46.4% and tumor control rate was 100%.
     B组 14例病人除 2例病人双侧听力丧失外 ,12例病人均至少保留一侧有用的听力。
短句来源
     Facial nerve anatomic preservation was in 28 patients (87.5%), facial nerve function preservaton was in 24 patients (75%) in 12 weeks postoperatively Cochlear nerve anatomic preservation was in 28 patients (87. 5%) during operation, useflu hearing preservation was in 3 patients in 2 weeks postoperatively , measurable but not useful hearing preservation was in 18 patients Conclusion Undergoing retrosigmoid approach one can succeed to gethign rate of total acoustic neuroma removal, facial and hearing preservation
     面神经解剖保留28例(87.5%),手术后12周面神经功能保留24例(75%); 耳蜗神经解剖保留28例(87.5%),手术后2周有效听力保留3例,有效听力丧失但可测听力保留18例。
  相似匹配句对
     A case of hearing loss and quadriplegia after a pontine hemorrhage
     脑桥出血后听力丧失及四肢瘫痪1例
短句来源
     Transient unilateral hearing loss induced by electrocortical stimulation
     皮层电刺激引起的短暂单侧听力丧失
短句来源
     Hermann Lenz: The losf self.
     丧失的自我
短句来源
     loss of interest;
     利息的丧失;
短句来源
     Probing into the mystery of English listening comprehension
     英语听力探秘
短句来源
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  hearing loss
In addition to congenital ichthyosis he had also strabismus, horizantal nystagmus, bilateral neurosensory hearing loss, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly.
      
Hearing loss up to 30 dB (preserved socially adequate hearing) was found in 25 workers.
      
Some measures for preventing occupational noise-induced hearing loss were suggested.
      
Conclusion: The primary symptom of the patient was unilateral hearing loss.
      
In 73% of the cases the EAEP indicated the retrocochlear site of the lesion; in 27%, however, the results did not localize the exact site of the lesion owing to a lack of waves I, II and III due to a pronounced hearing loss.
      
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Systematic experimental studies on the damaging effect of pressure wavesof more than 20 kinds of weapons were performed in,about 2000 guinea,pigs ex-posed under various conditions.The results showed that within a very wide wea-pon spectrum the damaging effect of the pressure wave was exerted chiefly on themiddle ear structures and on the inner ear.No sign of central auditory impair-ment could be found even when the peak pressure of the explosion wave was ashigh as 190 dB SPL.The degree and characters of the...

Systematic experimental studies on the damaging effect of pressure wavesof more than 20 kinds of weapons were performed in,about 2000 guinea,pigs ex-posed under various conditions.The results showed that within a very wide wea-pon spectrum the damaging effect of the pressure wave was exerted chiefly on themiddle ear structures and on the inner ear.No sign of central auditory impair-ment could be found even when the peak pressure of the explosion wave was ashigh as 190 dB SPL.The degree and characters of the injury were closely related to the intensityof the pressure wave,but the damaging effect on the middle ear and that on thecochlea were by no means parallel.When the peak pressure of the wave was veryhigh,damage was likely to occur only or mainly in the middle ear structures whilethe inner ear seemed more susceptible to wave of moderate peak pressure of longimpulse duration for a large number of rounds.In certain exposure conditionsdestruction of the sound transmitting system of middle ear by the first few shockswould somehow buffer the lashing of the waves of the succeeding firings at thecochlea,thus reducing its damaging effect.For pure middle-ear blast injury or for mixed trauma of both the middle andthe inner ear,hearing loss in guinea pigs does not show marked high-frequencyselectivity,as this is usually seen in cases of noise-induced deafness in human sub-jects where the inner ear is often the main site of damage.

本工作用二十余种武器压力波源在不同暴露条件下对近二千只豚鼠进行了系统的致伤实验。结果表明,压力波暴露后致伤部位主要在中耳和内耳;即使压力峰值已高达190dBSPL,听觉中枢还未见有损伤迹象。中耳损伤和内耳损伤的程度都与压力波的强度有关,但两者并不平行,压力峰值大时压力波可以只损伤或主要损伤中耳,压力峰值不很大但重复发数较多或脉宽较大时,则可能只损伤或主要损伤内耳。在一定的条件下,中耳的损伤能缓冲压力波对内耳的冲击,从而减轻内耳的损伤。在中耳损伤或中耳、内耳混合损伤时,豚鼠的听力丧失并没有象在人的噪声性耳聋时(内耳损伤为主)常见的那种突出的高频选择性。

In order to find the cause of deafness of school children we investigated 11.68 cases in 19 schools of deaf-mutes. It is found that deafness might occur at any age. With 6 months after birth the incidence was very lower. About 64.60% of the deaf-mutes began to have symptoms one to four years after birth. So this is the period of the highest incidence. Over the age of 4 year old, the incidence gradually became lower. Most of the deaf-mutous students lose their ability of hearing gradually rather than abruptly....

In order to find the cause of deafness of school children we investigated 11.68 cases in 19 schools of deaf-mutes. It is found that deafness might occur at any age. With 6 months after birth the incidence was very lower. About 64.60% of the deaf-mutes began to have symptoms one to four years after birth. So this is the period of the highest incidence. Over the age of 4 year old, the incidence gradually became lower. Most of the deaf-mutous students lose their ability of hearing gradually rather than abruptly. 78.6% of those with remnant ability of hearing and speaking. 21.4% of those students with absollute deaf—mutes had remnained abilty of speaking. 51.8% cases of absolute deaf-mutes were irreversible. 5.82% of deaf-mutous students got improvement followed by regular education and training of faculty of speech. The cases of congenital deafness is rather complicated. Married to near rellativcs is one of the main causes. While the causes of the acquired deafness are acute infectious diseases, auditory toxic antibiotics of aminoglucoside group, especially dihydrostreptomycin, kanamycin, gentamycin and neomycin.

为掌握学生致聋原因,选上海19所聋校1168名学生作调查探讨,初步认为:聋生听力丧失可发生任何年龄,出生6个月以内患病率低;但1—4岁失听患病率最高达64.6%,后以随年龄增长而逐渐减少。聋生听力逐渐丧失略高于立即丧失。有残余听力同时有语言保留者,占有残听者78.6%,无残余听力而尚存语言保留者,占无残听者21.4%。聋生听力语言全丧失者半数以上(51.8%)是不可逆的;5.82%聋生如经正规教育、语言训练等,则语言机能将会有所进步。先天致聋因素较复杂,近亲结婚是其主要因素之一;后天致聋因素主要为各类急性传染病和氨基糖甙类耳毒性抗生素,尤其是链霉素(双氢)、卡那、庆大、新霉素等。

This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of ear protector,, during combat at battleground. The results showed that marksmen with ear protection can hear the speech articulation without disturbance at pulse noise 163.5~171.6 dB (A), and ear drums can be protected from injury and the temporary threshold shifts (TTS) were prevented over 2 hours. It is interested that there was an average elevation of TTS (2h) of 0.98-3.1 dB in most marksmen at battleground shooting as compared with those at usual time. It was...

This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of ear protector,, during combat at battleground. The results showed that marksmen with ear protection can hear the speech articulation without disturbance at pulse noise 163.5~171.6 dB (A), and ear drums can be protected from injury and the temporary threshold shifts (TTS) were prevented over 2 hours. It is interested that there was an average elevation of TTS (2h) of 0.98-3.1 dB in most marksmen at battleground shooting as compared with those at usual time. It was demonstrated that it was not due to determination error. This event would support the supposition that the degree of stress was correlated with the strenuous combat surroundings.When the ear protector was not used at artillery shooting the strong impulse noise induced congestion in ear drums, and the TTS were decreased about 25dB in approximate 3/4 of the tests. It was demonstrated that the hearing loss was proportionally correlated to the trauma of ear drums, with correlation coefficient, r_s=0.681, P<0.01.

本文评价了我军研制的A型耳塞在实战条件下的应用效果。结果显示炮手戴耳塞后,在脉冲噪声163.5~171.6dB(A)的情况下,语言联系未受干扰,鼓膜未见损伤,暂时性听力阈移(TTS)在炮击2h内可以得到防护。观察中出现一个有兴趣的事实,炮击完成2h内进行的及时测听,以1周内未炮击的平均基准听力和炮击时戴耳塞的TTS(2h)比较,出现听力阈移平均提高0.98~3.1dB的现象。这一结果可能与战斗紧张环境,机体调动生理潜力提高应激效应有关。炮击时不戴耳塞者,鼓膜因强脉冲噪声引起充血,有3/4的测听结果TTS下降约25dB。据分析,听力的丧失程度与鼓膜的损伤呈比例相关,r_s=0.681,P<0.01。

 
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