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效应基因
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  effector
     Construction and Expression of Double Target Effector Chimera Recombinant
     双重靶效应基因嵌合重组体的构建与表达
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  effect genes
     However, genetic effect of inhibiting ability to shoot length of receiver plant was different, additive effect genes were pronounced at 7-leaf age and 8-leaf age, dominant effect genes appeared to play the most important role at 3-leaf age and 5-leaf age but the two effect genes were equally important at 6-leaf age.
     对受体植物茎长的抑制作用,在7叶期和8叶期加性效应基因起主要作用,在3叶期和6叶期显性效应基因起主要作用,而在5叶期加性显性效应基因并重。
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     Analysis of genotype X environment(GE) interaction effect showed that genetics of allelopathy in rice was highly affected by environment, and the interaction between dominant effect genes and environment was significant.
     基因型与环境互作效应分析发现,水稻化感作用基因型与环境互作效应较大,特别是控制化感作用的显性效应基因受环境影响很大。
短句来源
     Salt stress condition may activate multiple signaling pathways, and activate or inhibit downstream effect genes, including genes related with ion transport and reestablishing homeostasis, genes that participate in the biosynthesis of osmoprotectants, genes related with water-deficit stress and genes related to scavenging ROS or preventing them from damage of cellular structures, etc.
     多条信号转导途径参与了盐胁迫信号的应答,激活或抑制的下游效应基因包括与离子转运和重建离子平衡有关的基因、参与渗透保护物质生物合成的基因、与水分胁迫相关的基因和与细胞排毒、抗氧化相关的酶基因等。
短句来源
     Additive- and dominant-effect genes governed grain filling commonly, but additive effect genes acted mainly with less variation range of total genetic effects in late season, compared to that in early season.
     晚季加性和显性效应基因共同控制各粒充实,但以加性效应为主,总遗传效应变化幅度较早季小。
短句来源
     The conditional genetic analysis demonstrated that the expression of additive effect genes for the dry matter weight of shoot seldom exhibited, while dominant effect genes were continuously detected in two years with the most active expression especially at middle period.
     条件遗传分析表明,在不同的发育阶段中,控制地上部干物质重的加性效应基因几乎不表达,而显性效应基因在两年中的表达呈连续性,且在生长中期活动强度最大;
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  “效应基因”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods There were 8 gene expression patterns, such as SAMP8 and SAMR1, SAMP8 as negative control and SAMR1 as positive control, huperzine A-treated SAMP8 and SAMP8 as negative control, LW-treated SAMP8 and SAMP8 as negative control, were compared and assessed by use of the differential expression cDNA microarray of the hippocampus of SAMP8 and SAMR1. The response genes of LW were compared.
     方法应用快速老化小鼠亚系SAMP8和SAMR1海马差异表达cDNA芯片,比较SAMP8和SAMR1、SAMP8阴性对照和SAMR1阳性对照、石衫碱甲处理的SAMP8和SAMP8阴性对照以及LW处理的SAMP8和SAMP8阴性对照8个基因表达谱,并对LW的药物效应基因进行比较。
短句来源
     To study the global effect of HBV persistent existence on IFN induced cellular gene expression, cDNA microarrays dotted with 14 112 human genes were used to examine the transcriptional changes between an HBV DNA transfected cell line (HepG2.2.15) and its parental cell line (HepG2) after the treatment of IFN-α or IFN-γ for 6 h.
     为了研究HBV持续存在对IFN效应基因表达的影响 ,将HepG2细胞和来源于HepG2细胞并整合有HBV基因组的HepG2 .2 .15细胞经IFN α或IFN γ处理 6h后 ,用含 14 112个靶基因的人cDNA基因芯片检测了各组基因表达谱的差异。
短句来源
     The expression of various new quantitative genes control soluble sugar content was found at all filling stages.
     控制稻米可溶性糖含量表现的多种遗传效应基因在稻米各个发育时期均有新的表达 ,共同调控着可溶性糖含量的动态表现。
短句来源
     To study the antiviral mechanisms of IFN and the global effect of HBV persistent existence on IFN induced cellular gene expression, cDNA microarrays dotted with 14112 human genes were used to examine the transcriptional changes between an HBV DNA transfected cell line (HepG2.2.15 cells) and its parental cell line (HepG2 cells) after the treatment of IFN-α for 6 h.
     为了解IFN抗病毒的机制及HBV持续存在对IFN效应基因表达的影响,本研究首先应用含有14112个靶基因的人cDNA微点阵芯片检测了HepG2细胞和来源于HepG2细胞并整合有HBV基因组的HepG2.2.15细胞经IFN-α处理6 h前后基因表达谱的差异。
短句来源
     Stimulating Study on Ecological Effect of Mercury Pollution in Typical Mercury Mine on Gene Level
     典型汞矿山汞污染生态效应基因水平模拟研究
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  effector
By formulating static stiffness of the robot, mapping between manufacturing imperfections and end-effector positioning accuracy was obtained.
      
Using the theoretical calculation and finite element method (FEM), effects of various machining imperfection types on end-effector positioning accuracy were evaluated.
      
Integration of microsensor for microsurgery robot's end-effector
      
To enhance the effect of robotic microsurgery, the microsensors are integrated on the robot's end-effector.
      
The experimental results show that the integration of microsensors for microsurgery robot's end-effector can satisfy the design requirements, and the robotic end trephine can accurately fulfill the surgical task of corneal cutting.
      
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  effect genes
The response of barley plants to aluminum ions may be determined by small-effect genes.
      
This is analogous to "main effect" genes and "modifiers".
      
Expression of the gene encoding MATER is restricted to the oocyte, which makes it one of a growing, but still limited, number of maternal-effect genes in mammals.
      
Identification of candidate maternal-effect genes through comparison of multiple microarray data sets
      
RT-PCR validation indicates 37 (72%) of these candidates have the microarray-predicted expression pattern and represent candidate maternal-effect genes.
      
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Grain moisture quick—loss is more significance for the maize variety utilizing fully favourable growth season, increasing yield of grain and its commodity quality, and improving the quality of seed, after physiological maturity in maize, The grain moisture loss rate of maize is greater in difference amony varieties. The difference is controlled by the additive inheritance effect, and it is highly inheritance for the grain moisture loss rate. The rate of grain moisture reduction relates to the environment, the...

Grain moisture quick—loss is more significance for the maize variety utilizing fully favourable growth season, increasing yield of grain and its commodity quality, and improving the quality of seed, after physiological maturity in maize, The grain moisture loss rate of maize is greater in difference amony varieties. The difference is controlled by the additive inheritance effect, and it is highly inheritance for the grain moisture loss rate. The rate of grain moisture reduction relates to the environment, the morphological character and the agronomic traits. It is possible to breed the maize variety of high yield and grain moisture quick—loss by directly and indirectly selecting some relative traits in the field, and in the wide maize breeding population.

玉米生理成熟后,籽粒快速脱水,对于玉米品种充分利用有利的生长季节,提高籽粒产量和籽粒商用品质,提高种子质量都是很有现实意义的。生理成熟后,籽粒脱水速率品种间有很大差异,遗传上受加性效应基因支配,脱水速率与环境、品种形态特征及农艺特性有关;在广泛的玉米育种群体中,通过在田间对某些相关性状进行直接或间接选择,培育出高产、快速脱水的玉米品种是可能的。

The gene additive effects,dominant effects,sex-linkage effects and maternal effects of the five characters including the cocoon weight,cocoon shell weight, fibroin content and pupa weight were studied by the method of sex-linkage model in this paper. Correlations of interacting effects of genes and environment were also investigated and hence enriched the knowledge about correlations of silkworm cocoon characters.

采用性连锁模型,分析了全茧量、茧层量、丝素量、茧层率、蛹重5个性状的基因加性效应、基因显性效应、性连锁效应、母体效应以及各基因与环境互作效应的相互关系,丰富了性状间相互关系的信息。

F1 and B1F1 generations were produced by crossing and backcrossing the male sterile allopasmic lines to apomictic rice C1001B,uaing C1001B as the current parent.The agamospermy on different cytoplamic and nucleus backgrounds were compared each other to research its genetic expression.The result showed that agamospermy of C1001B was conditioned by dominant nucleus gene.Frequency of agamospermy was significantly influenced by cytoplasmic and nucleus.effects.Sterile cytoplasmy strikingly inhibited its expression,but...

F1 and B1F1 generations were produced by crossing and backcrossing the male sterile allopasmic lines to apomictic rice C1001B,uaing C1001B as the current parent.The agamospermy on different cytoplamic and nucleus backgrounds were compared each other to research its genetic expression.The result showed that agamospermy of C1001B was conditioned by dominant nucleus gene.Frequency of agamospermy was significantly influenced by cytoplasmic and nucleus.effects.Sterile cytoplasmy strikingly inhibited its expression,but the difference in inhibitory extent between them was insignificant.Freqency of agamospermy increased with the raisins of backcross generation, which suggested that it was geneticsly controlled by several additive genes.Furthermore,the offect of environment on agamospermy was observed as well.

以同核异质雄性不育材料为母本,无融合生殖材料C1001B为父本,通过杂交和回交获得F1和B1F1两世代,比较不同胞质和胞核背景下的无融合结籽情况。结果表明:C1001B的无融合结籽现象是受核基因控制的显性性状。其频率的表达具明显的胞质效应。不育胞质对无融合结籽的表现有明显的抑制作用,但供试的几种不育胞质间抑制作用的大小无显著差别。无融合结籽频率有随C1001B核成分增加而提高的趋势,可能是受多个具加性效应的基因控制。还观察到环境条件对无融合结籽有强烈的影响。

 
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