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慢性穿孔
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  chronic course
     Acute intestinal perforation took place in 7 cases, and 1 case showed a chronic course.
     7例发生急性肠穿孔,另1例为慢性穿孔
短句来源
  a chronic course
     Acute intestinal perforation took place in 7 cases, and 1 case showed a chronic course.
     7例发生急性肠穿孔,另1例为慢性穿孔
短句来源
  “慢性穿孔”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results: It consists 4 cases of acute and subacute perforation, 1 case of chronic perfora-tion.
     结果:本组5例中,急、亚急性穿孔4例,慢性穿孔1例。
短句来源
     Method: ①35 guinea pigs (1–2 years old, 400 to 600 g) were used,and 5 guinea pigs served as normal contral.
     方法:①建立豚鼠鼓膜慢性穿孔模型:豚鼠35 只,其中5 只为正常对照。
短句来源
     Perforations constituting < 50% of the TM surface area were enlarged to ~80% by using the thermal needle. After another 6 weeks of observation, the size of the perforations was evaluated by otomicroscopy and photographically documented. Ten weeks after we created the TM perforations, guinea pigs with TM perforations >50% of total surface area are a persisted for 10 weeks in 44 ears.
     在手术后4 周,对小于50%鼓膜面积的穿孔用灼热尖针再次扩大到80%,再过6 周后穿孔的大小在手术显微镜下评估,选取稳定慢性穿孔且超过50%鼓膜紧张部面积的44 耳。
短句来源
     Tympanic Membrane Thickness were analyzed with One-way ANOVAResults:1 . 10 weeks after the initial excision, 44 of 60(73.3%) TM perforations remained at >= 50% of TM area . Forty-four ears were enteredinto the protocol, and one animal was lost because of anesthetization.
     1.首次手术后第10 周观察发现44 耳穿孔大小超过50%鼓膜面积,制作豚鼠鼓膜慢性穿孔模型成功率73.3%(44/60)。
短句来源
     Pathologically, the extraluminal cystic mass was due to infiltration outside bowel wall (n=6), chronic perforation of ulcerative intestinal adenocarcinoma (n=3), secondary appendix mucinous cyst (n=1), and, possibly, due to cystic colitis or colonic diverticulosis (n=1).
     经与病理对照分析后提示肠外囊性肿块形成的原因有 :肠癌浆膜外直接浸润伴囊变坏死 6例 ,溃疡型肠癌慢性穿孔 3例 ,继发阑尾粘液囊肿 1例 ,另 1例粘液腺癌可能是结肠憩室或深在性的囊性结肠炎癌变所致。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     An Animal Model of Persistent Tympanic Membrane Perforation
     慢性鼓膜穿孔动物模型的构建
短句来源
     Chronic Orchialgia
     慢性睾丸痛
短句来源
     Chronic low back pain
     慢性腰痛
短句来源
     The Healing Effect of Epidermal Growth Factor on the Chronic Tympanic Membrane Perforations in Guinea Pigs
     表皮生长因子对豚鼠慢性鼓膜穿孔愈合的影响
短句来源
     Neonatal gestrointestinal perforations
     新生儿胃肠道穿孔
短句来源
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  chronic course
The illness tends to take a chronic course in a distinct group of about one third of all schizophrenic patients who require hospitalization.
      
The most common psychiatric disorders had a chronic course.
      
In the second and third patient, a brain tumor was suspected because of the more chronic course.
      
A 12-year-old girl is described with sclerodermatomyositis of chronic course, and developing infectious hepatitis.
      
13 cases with a remarkable chronic course were notable for the monocytosis revealed by the blood smear, as well as for the consistently found increase of total cerebrospinal fluid protein and the age of the patients at the onset of the disease.
      
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  a chronic course
The illness tends to take a chronic course in a distinct group of about one third of all schizophrenic patients who require hospitalization.
      
The most common psychiatric disorders had a chronic course.
      
The symptoms took a chronic course even after NPE intake was discontinued.
      
Less than 9% of the patients ran a chronic course (stage III) with a disease duration between 6 months and 9 years, either as acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans associated mono- or polyneuritis (2%) or a chronic progressive encephalomyelitis (6%).
      
Mononeuropathies are mainly due to compression or entrapment and are not discussed in this review, which focuses on polyneuropathies and multifocal mononeuropathies with a chronic course, lasting for more than 2 months.
      
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This paper reports 8 cases of pathologically proven intestinal reticulosis complicated with intestinal perforation. The male to female ratio was 3:1. Their ages ranged from 20 to 40 in most oases. Clinically, irregular or continuous high fever was generally present. Weight loss and prominent gastrointestinal manifestations, including abdominal pain, melena, intraabdominal mass and diarrhea were usual. Acute intestinal perforation took place in 7 cases, and 1 case showed a chronic course. The liver was slightly...

This paper reports 8 cases of pathologically proven intestinal reticulosis complicated with intestinal perforation. The male to female ratio was 3:1. Their ages ranged from 20 to 40 in most oases. Clinically, irregular or continuous high fever was generally present. Weight loss and prominent gastrointestinal manifestations, including abdominal pain, melena, intraabdominal mass and diarrhea were usual. Acute intestinal perforation took place in 7 cases, and 1 case showed a chronic course. The liver was slightly enlarged in 4 oases. Splenomegaly was found in only 1 case. Superficial lymph nodes were not enlarged in any case. White cell count was less than 4,0 ×109/L in 4 out of 8 cases. No abnormal histiocytes were found in their blood or bone marrow. The lesions were most frequently situated in. the ileum and colon. Pathologically, 3 cases belonged to the massive outgrowth type, and 5 to the diffuse iniiltrative type. Enzyme linked immunoassays (PAP method) for lysozyme in the tumor cells were carried out in 4 cases and were all positive, indicating that the tumor cells originated from rnonoeytes. The clinical diagnosis and pathological features of such cases are discussed with special concern.

本文报道经病理证实的8例并发肠穿孔的肠型组织细胞增生症。男女之比为3:1。年龄多数在20~40岁之间。临床上均有不规则或持续高热。消瘦和突出的胃肠道症状和体征。7例发生急性肠穿孔,另1例为慢性穿孔。4例有轻度肝肿大。仅1例有脾肿大。未见浅表淋巴结肿大。4例白细胞计数少于4.0×10~9/L。血液和骨髓检查均未找到异常组织细胞。病变部位以回肠和结肠较多。病理类型:3例为肿决型,5例为弥漫浸润型。4例作免疫酶标检查(PAP法)均示阳性反应,表明瘤细胞来源于单核组织细胞。以临床诊断和病理特征为重点,对此种病例作了讨论。

Purpose:To study the CT appearance and the diagnostic value of gasttoduodenal perforation due to peptic ulcer diseases. Materials and Methods: 5 cases of gastroduodenal perforation due to peptic ulcer diseases proved by operation and pathology were analyzed retropectively. Results: It consists 4 cases of acute and subacute perforation, 1 case of chronic perfora-tion. The sites include: lesser curvature of gastric antrum wall, great curvature of body, anterior and upper dnodenum bulb wall,posterior postbulb wall....

Purpose:To study the CT appearance and the diagnostic value of gasttoduodenal perforation due to peptic ulcer diseases. Materials and Methods: 5 cases of gastroduodenal perforation due to peptic ulcer diseases proved by operation and pathology were analyzed retropectively. Results: It consists 4 cases of acute and subacute perforation, 1 case of chronic perfora-tion. The sites include: lesser curvature of gastric antrum wall, great curvature of body, anterior and upper dnodenum bulb wall,posterior postbulb wall. CT features include: (1) nature diagnostic feature is free gas in abdominal cavity; (2) site diagnostic fea-tures include bowel-wall irregular, thickening and discontinuous, blurring of the surrounding fat plane; (3) features of a series complications callsed by perforation could be indicate integratively. The precise site of perforation could not be detect in 3 cas-es. Concluslon: CT is valuable in detect gastroduodenal perforation secondary to peptic ulcer diseases and superior to other modali-ties, but is limited in detect the precise site of acute and subacute perforation, the nature of chronic perforation.

目的:探讨胃十二指肠溃疡穿孔的CT表现及其诊断价值。材料与方法:回顾性分析5例经手术病理证实的胃十二指肠溃疡穿孔者的CT表现。结果:本组5例中,急、亚急性穿孔4例,慢性穿孔1例。穿孔部位包括:胃窦小弯侧1例,胃体大弯侧1例,十二指肠球部上壁及前壁各1例,十二指肠球后部后壁1例。溃疡穿孔的CT表现;定性征象有腹腔内游离气体;定位片像有局部管壁增厚,不规则,周围脂肪层模糊;同时能全面地显示穿孔后腹腔内的继发改变。本组5例中有3例未能确定穿孔部位。结论:CT对诊断胃十二指肠溃疡穿孔很有价值,优于其它影像学检查,但对部分急性穿孔的定应诊断、慢性穿孔的定性诊断有一定限度。

Objective To study the pathologic basis and diagnostic points of atypical intestinal carcinomas.Materials and Methods CT features and pathologic correlation of atypical intestinal carcinomas in 11 patients, including tubular adnocarcinoma (n=6), mucinous adenocarcinoma (n=3) and tubular mixed mucinous adenocarcinoma (n=2), were reported and analyzed.Results The main CT findings included extraluminal cystic mass (n=11), local bowel wall thickening (n=9) and intraluminal cystic mass (n=2). Pathologically, the...

Objective To study the pathologic basis and diagnostic points of atypical intestinal carcinomas.Materials and Methods CT features and pathologic correlation of atypical intestinal carcinomas in 11 patients, including tubular adnocarcinoma (n=6), mucinous adenocarcinoma (n=3) and tubular mixed mucinous adenocarcinoma (n=2), were reported and analyzed.Results The main CT findings included extraluminal cystic mass (n=11), local bowel wall thickening (n=9) and intraluminal cystic mass (n=2). Pathologically, the extraluminal cystic mass was due to infiltration outside bowel wall (n=6), chronic perforation of ulcerative intestinal adenocarcinoma (n=3), secondary appendix mucinous cyst (n=1), and, possibly, due to cystic colitis or colonic diverticulosis (n=1). Of 11 cases, the diagnosis was made by CT on the initial medical visit in 10, 6 of which was proved to be misdiagnosed as simple abscess (n=4) or abdominal neoplasm (n=2). The main reasons for the misdiagnosis were due to the lack of the knowledge in the imaging features of the disease and due to paying little attention to the characteristic sign of bowel wall thickening.Conclusion Extraluminal cystic mass formation is an atypical CT sign of intestinal carcinoma, which can easily cause misdiagnosis. When great attention is paid to the sign of bowel wall thickening and to the shape of both the intra and extra luminal masses, qualitative diagnosis by CT will be significantly improved.

目的 探讨不典型肠癌的病理基础及CT诊断要点。材料与方法 搜集伴肠外囊性肿块形成的肠癌 11例 ,其中管状腺癌 6例 ,粘液腺癌 3例 ,管状腺癌伴粘液腺癌 2例。结果 主要CT表现为 :肠浆膜外囊性肿块 11例 ,肠壁局限性增厚 9例 ,肠腔内囊性肿块 2例。经与病理对照分析后提示肠外囊性肿块形成的原因有 :肠癌浆膜外直接浸润伴囊变坏死 6例 ,溃疡型肠癌慢性穿孔 3例 ,继发阑尾粘液囊肿 1例 ,另 1例粘液腺癌可能是结肠憩室或深在性的囊性结肠炎癌变所致。 11例中 10例由CT首诊 ,正确诊断 4例 ,误诊 6例 ,其中误诊为脓肿 4例 ,腹腔肿瘤 2例。误诊原因主要是缺乏对不典型肠癌CT表现的认识 ,忽略了癌性肠壁增厚特征等因素所致。结论 肠外囊性肿块形成是肠癌的不典型CT表现 ,易误诊。如注意观察肠壁增厚和肠腔内外肿块的形状 ,将显著提高CT定性诊断的准确性

 
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